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Modern Weimar Republic timeline

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Jessica Unwin

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of Modern Weimar Republic timeline

1919 June - Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles 1920 March - Kapp Putsch. The Freikorps gained the support of the goverment and so troops were able to enter and take over Berlin without opposition. Kapp's only goal was to take over the city, once he had accomplished that, he fled Germany. This set off a series of clashes between other Freikorps and military over Germany, leading the further political unrest. 1923 January - Occupation of the Ruhr. German workers resisted the French troops leading to a halt in all industry production, this lead to hyperinflation and the collapse of the German currency. Munich Putsch Hitler burst into a beer hall and declared that a national revolution had begun. Three Bavarian leaders were persuaded to join Hitler, but in the commotion that followed they escaped and organised a resistance. Hitler was then arrested, but was able to verbalise his cause to the court. And because the judges were fearful of communism, and therefore on Hitlers 'side', they let him off lightly. This showed the German people that Hitler was willing to fight for what he believed, and therefore caused a rise in Hitlers support. 1924 The Streseman era begins -1924-1929 1925 April - Hindenburg becomes president. 1929 October - The death of Streseman and the onset of the Great Depression. 1930 The collapse of the Weimar Republic. 1933 January - Hitler becomes Chancellor. February - The burning of the Reichstag: this gave Hitler 'emergency powers', increasing his influence and authority.
The decree for protection of people and state: this centralised power in Hitlers government. March - The Enabling Act: this made Hitler the legal dictator in Germany. May - All trade unions are abolished, replaced with the German Labour Front July - The Nazi party is made the only legal political party. October - Germany withdraws from the League of Nations 1934 June - Night of the Long Knives The killing of SA leaders (Rohm) as the SA had become a liability to Hitler and his climb to power. The SS also killed other 'enemies of the state', communists, Jews and opposing political leaders and members. The number of deaths stands near 400. 1935 August - Hindenburg dies, and Hitler becomes Fuhrer September - Introduction of the Nuremberg Laws.

-Retraction of Reich citizenship from Jews.
-Jews were banned from marriages/sexual relations with anyone of Aryan blood.
-Law for the protection of German blood and honor. 1936 March - The reoccupation of the Rhineland. Germany 1918-1939 / Weimar Republic 1938 November - Kristallnacht (Crystal Night / Night of Broken Glass.) (Nov. 9th) An outbreak of violence against Jews people and property - 74 deaths, 20,000 arrests, and the destruction of 875 Jewish shops and 191 synagogues. This came after a young Jewish man killed a German diplomat in Paris.
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