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Chapter 13: A Growing Sense of Nationhood

A presentation of the summary on the chapter 13.3 from our social studies book
by

Jack Benscheidt

on 1 July 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 13: A Growing Sense of Nationhood

Chapter 13: A Growing Sense of Nationhood
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Developing a Nation in a
Land of Differences
13.3 Politics: The Era of
Good Feelings
13.5 Early American Music
13.4 Early American Art
13.6 Early American Literature
13.7 Chapter Summary
Fort McHenry was attacked by the British on September 13, 1814
"The Defence of Fort McHenry" was made by Francis Scott Key. It was later renamed "The Star-Spangled Banner" and our national anthem
Era of Good Feelings was James Monroe's eight years as president
During this time it seemed that a new period of national unity was created
Americans still had many art traditions from Europe, but by the 1800s, they were developing their own American styles
Folk Art was art made by ordinary people using traditional methods
Men made weather vanes and hunting decoys while women sewed spare bits of cloth into quilts
Music was very popular after the war of 1812.
Many songs were old tunes with new lyrics set to them.
Our National Anthem is set to the music of an old English drinking song.
Europeans thought that Americans were very backwards, but Americans were actually finding their cultural voice.
One way they were doing this was through literature.
By
Jack Benscheidt
Conner Markarian
Garrison Quinn

Francis Scott Key
13.1 Introduction
James Monroe
13.5 Early American Music
13.3 Politics: The Era of good Feelings
"I would rather be right than be president." - Henry Clay of Kentucky
Clay's "American System" involved high tariffs to protect industry, as well as federal spending on transportation projects like roads and canals
Henry Clay of Kentucky
13.3 Politics: The Era of Good Feelings
Calhoun supported the national bank, the transportation projects, and a protective tariff
In the 1830s, Calhoun became the leading spokesman for states' rights
John C. Calhoun
13.5 Early American Music
Music became popular really fast.
As it became more popular poetic anthems were created.
13.6 Early American Literature
In this chapter you learned about a growing sense of nationhood in America.
Patriotism helped America grow.
Government came together to help the people.
People created symbols that made them feel like "One Nation Under God".
13.3 Politics: The Era of Good Feelings
Daniel Webster supported Clay's American System, like Calhoun
Later, he would strongly debate Calhoun's claim about states' rights
Daniel Webster
of Massachusetts
13.3 Politics: The Era of Good Feelings
John Marshall wrote some of the most important court decisions in American History
For Example: In McCullosh v. Maryland (1819), his decision strengthened the federal government's position
Northern Music styles vs. Southern Music styles
Northern States preferred classical music which they danced to at the cotillion.
During cotillion, dancers performed minuet, gavottes, mazourkas, and waltzes.
Southern states preferred African style music or spirituals as well as minstrel songs.
Minstrel songs were a mixture of church music and the African style of music.
They also preformed square dances.
It was things like this that made Americans feel acknowledged. But what does being an American mean?
"I do not know a country where the love of money holds a larger place in the heart of man" - Alexis de Tocqueville
Alexis de Tocqueville
13.3 Politics: The Era of Good Feelings
America was a newborn country where being British was a fond memory
Patriotism helped America to prosper
James Monroe hoped that the fighting between political parties would stop
I hope that fighting between political parties would stop.
Chief Justice John Marshall
John Quincy Adams, son of John Adams, was elected as president in 1824, ending the Era of Good Feelings
13.2 The American landscape in the 1800's
James Monroe
Travel was difficult because nothing was faster than a horse
The roads were rutted and dirty
To try and unite the many different sections of America the leaders began funding and creating canals and roads
13.2 Symbols and Values
Americans had to feel like a specified unified group.
Americans pursued symbols and values to help them feel more like "One Nation Under God"
"Americans carry national pride to an altogether excessive length," said Alexis De Tocqueville who would later come to admire this American Quality.
Washington Irving was America's first famous author. He wrote about German folklore.
Another famous author was James Fenimore Cooper. He was famous for writing about rugged frontiersman and their adventures.
13.6 Early American Literature
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was the first famous American poet.
Longfellow wrote epic poems as well as patriotic poems.
He is best known for the poem, "Paul Revers's Ride"
Quilt
Weather vane
13. 4 Early American Art
Gilbert Stuart was the best known portrait artist at the time
The George Washington on the dollar bill was adopted from a Stuart portrait painting
Gilbert Stuart
George Washington
Portrait
Francis
Scott
Key
Minstrel Song
13.4 Early American Art
Thomas Cole's most famous works contain sunny skies and stormy clouds
The beautiful light in Cole's and other's paintings was like God smiling on America's beautiful nature
Literature Books
"The Oxbow"
by Thomas Cole
Thomas Cole
13.4 Early American Art
Other artists portrayed more particular aspects of nature, like John James.
John made a book called, "The Birds of America" which made him America's first internationally famous artist
John James
Bald Eagle Painting
13.4 Early American Art
George Catlin focused his art on native americans.
In rich colors, he painting their villages, hunts, and rituals
George Catlin
George Catlin
Painting
Patriotic Bald Eagle
Uncle Sam
13.4 Early American Art
By making the focus of their art the great features of their free country, artists created a distinctive, American art identity
The Great American Landscape
13.6 Early American Literature
Davy Crockett was a rugged frontiersman.
He told tall tales about his journeys and what he experienced.
He ran for Congress and won because he was a fictional frontier hero to the people that had come to life
Davy Crockett
James Monroe's eight years of presidency, the Era of Good Feelings, brought about a period of national unity.
Artists made a distinctive, American art identity by focusing their art on the great features of their free country.
13.7 Chapter Summary
13.7 Chapter Summary
Musicians made old songs new by adding new lyrics. The combined two diverse genres to make one new form of music.
Authors wrote about the folklore and the adventures of rugged frontiersman and their journeys.
Patriotic
Eagle
Full transcript