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Discovering the Culture of Uruguay

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Patricia Vargas

on 5 March 2014

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Transcript of Discovering the Culture of Uruguay

Politics and Soccer
Uruguay
Population:
3.4 million
88% of the population is of Spanish and Italian descent and 10% of the population is of African descent.
The exchange of information from one place to another in the world can occur in an instant;
The Human Development Index (HDI)
- United Nations - is a composite measure of health, education and income that was introduced in the first Human Development Report in 1990 as an alternative to purely economic assessments of national progress, such as GDP growth
.
Uruguay is ranked #51/186 countries, above the regional average.
http://hdr.undp.org/en/data/map/
Income:
Uruguay has an even income distribution compared with other LA countries. It is distinguished by its large urban middle class. The
GDP Per capita as of 2012 was of $15,840, the second in Latin America.
GDP Composition
Agriculture (cattle, wools, wheat, rice) 10%
Industry (mostly tied to agriculture) 25%
Services (commerce, retaurants, hotels, construction) 65%
Education
Public Education in Uruguay is compulsory, secular and free. Citizens have access to free education from pre Kindergarten through University.
Literacy rate is 98%
Net enrollment rate in Primary Education: 95%
Net enrollment rate in Secondary Education: 74.3%
Public Expenditure in Education: 5% GDP
Today immigration fluxes to the country are not common as they were during the 19th and XXth centuries.We do have emigration issues and it is estimated that about 500,000 uruguayos liveaborad (Departamento 20).
Welcome!
The little geographical mobility
contributes to the proximity to family and long-stable friendships that begin during elementary school. Relationships are valued more important than what one achieves as an individual. People identify themselves in terms of who they are rather than in terms of what they do.
Do you know Uruguay now?
NO, you know facts
J
ose Pedro Varela -1845 -1879
is known as the “Pastor de la escuela”. In 1876 he initiated an educational reform that is known as Reforma Vareliana. The three principles Varela introduced are still very much the trademark of the Uruguayan Public School: secular, free and compulsory education for all.
Health care
is available to all citizens. Unemployed and low income citizens receive it for free. Employed citizens pay a precentage of their monthly salary to receive coverage for them and their under 18 dependents.
In present times Uruguay is a democratic republic divided into 19 Departamentos with executive, legislative and judicial branches. Elections are hold every 5 years. Vote is universal and mandatory at the age of 18. There are three main political parties: Colorado, Blanco or Nacional and Frente Amplio. The Colorado and Blanco are the oldest in South America. Current president is Jose Mujica. Presidential elections will be hold in October this year.
Uruguay means "River of the Painted birds" in Guarani. The Guaranies - together with the Charruas - were one of the indigenous tribes that lived in this territory. Spanish explorers first got here in 1516 and since then until our independence in 1825 we were a Spanish or Portuguese colony. Around that time, there were about 30,000 indigenous in the national territory. In 1831 these were exterminated in what was called "la masacre del arroyo Salsipuedes". Today there is no indigenous population in Uruguay.
but the exchange of true understanding about the political, social, economic and cultural forces of our times still needs time and the physical presence of two persons with inquisitive minds and open hearts, to whom the bottom line are ideas and not only facts.
This was the hope of Senator J. William Fulbright.
Suiza de America:
During the first half of the xxth century Uruguay was so called because of the democratic tradition and living standards of its population, that were similar to the European country. Uruguay was among the first countries that introduced women's right to vote (1932).

Dictatorship:
In the late 1950's a period of economic and social crisis began which ended with the dictatorship that ruled the country from 1973-1984. The country returned to democracy in 1985
50 %
of the population lives in Montevideo, a citi that
also concentrates higher education and health services
José Gervasio Artigas 1764-1850
National Hero. He initiated the independent movement in 1811.
Uruguay is one of the most secular countries in Latin America. Church and State are officially separated.
Plan Ceibal:

Uruguay has pioneered in the world by introducing the One Laptop Per Child Program both at
elementary and secondary education.
Uruguay was.
The newly passed laws on Gay marriage and legalisation and regulation of the production, sale and consumption of marihuana were the reasons for their choice.


Do you know which country was chosen as The Economist's country of the year in 2013?
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