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12 Key Points to Understanding Life in Classical Athens

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Angela Marie

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of 12 Key Points to Understanding Life in Classical Athens

The Origins and Influence of Greek Drama
Classical Greek Civilization (The Hellenic Age)
Classical Athens and Drama
Drama as we know it developed in
Athens.
Drama in the City
Dramatic performances were part of citywide religious festivals honoring the god Dionysus.
Drama and the City
The most important was the City Dionysia, which was connected to religion and ritual, a massive civic spectacle that emphasized the theater’s significance in public life.

Classical Athens and
The Origins of Greek
Drama

Athenian Theater
The theater—like Athenian society—was male dominated, but plays frequently probed the nature of gendered behavior and used female characters.
Theaters in Athens
Productions of plays were moved from the Agora (marketplace) to a theater built on the slope of the Acropolis, near the precinct of Dionysis.

-Early theater in Eretria, Greece: the seating is constructed of wooden benches. The skene is temporary. Where would you like to sit in this theater? http://www.whitman.edu/theatre/theatretour/eretria/images/large%20images/Eretria.cover.jpg

Tragedy
Tragedy in Greek means “goat song”; word may have referred to a prehistoric religious ceremony in which competing male choruses sang and danced in homage to the god of wine; the victory prize may have been a sacrifical goat.

Key Dramatists
Key dramatists: Aeschylus: Oresteia

Sophocles, Antigone: Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus

Euripedes: The Trojan Women, The Bacchae, Medea
The Influence of Greek Drama
Greek Drama has remained influential, continuously alluded to in literature and drama of the twenty-first century.
Competitiveness and Rivalry
Increasingly Urban Lifestyle
City dominated politics
Changing attitudes towards deities
High regard for moderation
Sought balance between opposites
Full transcript