Transcript of Anne Frank timeline.
June 12, 1929: Anne Frank is born in Frankfurt, Germany. 1930 to 1932: The National Socialist German Workers' (Nazis) party begins its rise to power. The Nazis proclaim the superiority of the German "Master race" and blamed Jews for the German defeat in World War I and for the troubled economy. 1933: The Franks decide to leave Germany to escape Nazi persecution. While Mr. Frank looks for a new home in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, the rest of the family stays with relatives in Aachen, Germany. January 30, 1933: The Nazi party leader, Adolf Hitler, becomes chancellor (head of the government) of Germany. March 10, 1933: The first concentration camp is established by the Nazis, at Dachau, Germany. April, 1933: The Nazi pass their fist Anti- Jewish law, banning the public employment of Jews. September 15, 1935:The Nuremberg laws are passed, denying Jews German citizenship and forbidding marriage between Jews and Non-Jews. October 25, 1936: Germany and Italy form an alliance (the axis). The summer of 1937: The Van Daans (Van Pels) flee Germany for the Netherlands. March 12-13, 1938: The German army invades and annexes Austria. November 9-10, 1938: Kristallnacht (Night of the broken glass). led by the SS, the Nazi special police, Germans beat and kill Jews, loot Jewish stores, and burn synagogues. September 29, 1938: The Munich agreement, granting german the right to annex of Czechoslovakia, is drafted and signed by representatives of France, Great Britain, Italy, and Germany. December8, 1938: Albert Dussel (Fritz Pfeffer) flees Germany for the Netherlands. March, 1939: Germany invades and occupies most of Czechoslovakia. September 1, 1939: Germany invades Poland; world war II begins. France and Great Britain declare war on Germany two days later. The spring of 1940: Germany invades Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France. September 27, 1940: Japan joins the axis. June 22, 1941: Germany invades the Soviet Union. June 12, 1942: Anne receives her diary for her thirteenth birthday. December 1941: The united states enters the war on the side of the Allied nations (including Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the other countries) after Japan attacks the U.S. navel base at Pearl Harbor. January 1942: The "Final Solution" is secretly announced at a conference of Nazi officials: European's Jews are to be "exterminated," or murdered. Construction of death camps begins in Poland. Millions of people ( Jews and Non-Jews) will die in those camps. July 6, 1942: The Franks go into hiding after Margot receives an order to appear for deportation to a labor camp in Germany. The Van Pels family join them one week later. November 16, 1942: Fritz Pfeffer becomes the eighth occupant of the Secrety Annex. June 6, 1944: D-day. Allied force land in Normandy, in northern France, and launch an invasion of western European. August 4, 1944: Nazi police raid the secret Annex; the occupant August 4, 1944: Nazi police raid the Secret annex; the occupants are sent to concentration camps. September, 1944: Mr. Van Pels dies in Auschwitz. December 20, 1944: Fritz Pfeffer dies in Neuengamme. May 8, 1945: The war in European ends with Germany's unconditional surrender to the allies. September 2, 1945: Japan surrenders after the united states drops atomic bombs on the japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. World War II ends one week later. 1945: ANNES MOTHER, EDITH FRANK, DIES IN AUSCHWITZ. THREE WEEKS LATER OTTO FRANK IS FREED WHEN AUSCHWITZ IS LIBERATED BY THE SOVIET ARMY. ANNE AND MARGOT DIE IN THE BERGEN-BELSEN A FEW WEEKS BEFORE BRITISH SOLDIERS LIBERATE THE CAMP. PETER VAN PELS DIE IN MAUTHAUSEN. MR. VAN PELS DIES IN THERESIENSTADT.Full transcript