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Varieties of English
Transcript of Varieties of English
Many lexical differences English Language in England Northern English Language in Scotland
Scottish English Mancunian-Salfordian (Manchester & Salford) Scouse (Liverpool) South Received Pronunciation (also known as Queen's English or BBC English) Estuary English (popular with young people, businessman) Cockney (working-class London and surrounding areas) West Midlands Brummie (Birmingham) Welsh English Welsh
the music of the speech:
-use /a/ for RP /ae/, long /a/ of dance, after, pass,
-use the form of past participle instead of the past simple, as in : He never done it.(He never did it)
-inversion in sentence structure:
Singing to herself she was.( She was singing to herself.)
- start a sentence with There's:
There's a nice day. DIFFERENCES
-tenseness and length of vowels,
-/o/ and /e/ (road, laid) are shorter and tenser,
- the vowel sound in meat and beef is much shorter,
- the Scottish pronounce the 'r' after a vowel,
house- hoose -english /u:/
die-dee - Old English /i/
The test of a true Scot is to require him to say: It's a braw bricht moonlicht nicht the nicht.(It's fine bright moonlight night tonight.) Irish English A Well-known irishism : 'to be after doing'.
He's after writing a letter. - he has just finished writing it.
The auxiliary 'do' is used with the continuous form of the verb, as in: I do be living in Dublin.
'Let' is used in commands :
Let you open the door.
Few loan words from Irish:
shamrock - the emblem of Ireland
banshee- a waiting ghost that announces a death,
hooligans - people well-known for their loud and lawness behaviour,
tory - a word signifying a wild Irish robber, Sounds and words differs. rabbit - mówić
kosher - uzasadniony
kašer - odpowiedni ken - know
bairn - child
whisky - water of life
bonny - pretty and handsome and East penguin - pen (head), gwyn (white)