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Westward expansion Farmers
Transcript of Westward expansion Farmers
The Homestead Act promised lots of land to anyone who would claim it. This was because the West was highly unpopulated. In the mid to late 1800's thousands of Easterners and European immigrants left their homes to travel west to the great plains of the mid west. When drilling for oil, people learned to dig deep for water too. To bring up the water that their steam engines needed, the railroad companies used windmills. The first windmills could supply only enough water for family use or for the stock. New methods of farming that preserved the scanty rainwater had to be developed to raise crops on the Great Plains. IN CONCLUSION Life on the frontier wasn't full of life's finer things. With no trees on the prairie and no railroad to bring lumber and other supplies early pioneers had to build their houses out of sod. Trips to the town were long and exhausting and usually were for good reasons like getting lumber or to get supplies that were absolutely needed. Most of the things on the farm were hand made such as food, clothing, and other essentials. Life on the frontier Getting Land The American West was a begging for people. All you had to do was come. Farmers only needed to be 21 years of age and to say that you intended to become a citizen. They would pick a 160-acre plot of "homestead" land some where on the vast public domain which belonged to the government. This land would become private property at the end of five years. Everything that had to be paid was nothing but a small registration fee. Land conditions. Before anything could be planted, the ground had to be broken. The prairie grass had roots that grew in thick mats, unlike anything known in Europe. The familiar Old World plow would not cut through. Early farm work was hard and almost all done by hand. Small plows were being invented to brake the hard but fertile Midwest. In 1937 John Deere invented his steel plow. The answer for this was found in barbed wire, Joseph G. Glidden, an Illinois farmer, designed a wire that could be easily manufactured, was durable, and not to hard to string on posts. Since there was no wood for fences, various methods, such as the thorny, fast-growing "Osage orange" hedges, were tried to provide an inexpensive natural fence. "Dry farming" The land was plowed deep to increase its ability to hold water. Then the topsoil was firmed so the moisture below could not escape. After every rain the farmer stirred the surface to keep a blanket of soil over the moisture in the ground. It required the tractors, harrows, disks, and cultivators turned out in large numbers by factories after the industrial Revolution. Crops grown in the west WHEAT CORN
POTATOES BEATS CARROTS SQUASH PUMPKINS BARBED WIRE AFTER THE RAINS The early farmers had it tough out on the plains. Life was difficult and tiring. But their laid the path for modern farming and life in the west today. Thank you for watching our presentation. Yippee kye aye y'all!!!!! HOWDY YALL THE JOURNEY HOLY CROP ANIMALS RAISED IN THE GREAT PLAINS COWS CHICKENS HORSES GOATS SHEEP r