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Civil War

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Sara Ludwig

on 8 January 2013

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Transcript of Civil War

The American Civil War Revolutionary Achievements Selection of battles of the Civil War
(1861-1862) Sharpsburg / Maryland
Bloodiest single day
Casualties: 26,134 dead ( 12,140 Union and 13,724

Union won (missed a chance to actually win war)
Victory Lincoln needed before delivering the Emancipation Proclamation Battle of Antietam September 17, 1862 "To what extend can the Civil War be seen as a second American revolution in terms of society, economy and politics?" Content History S1
Herr Thal
January 9th, 2013

Sara Ludwig The Civil War in a nutshell 1861-1865 (Secession war)
Split the nation
Trigger: Election of 1860
End: Final surrender of Confederate Army --> May 4, 1865
50 major battles
5000 minor battles
600.000 men were killed
More than 100.000 were wounded
Fought on land and sea Civil War in a nutshell
Comparison Union-Confederate
Selection of battles
Comparison of the American Revolution-Civil War
Revolutionary achievements
Sources Union Confederate States Compare and Contrast of the Union and the Confederate States Agriculture
based on slavery
9 million people (5.5 million white
11 states
(South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina and Tennessee ) Defensive war (psychology)
Fought on their own land
General Robert E. Lee
Brilliant military officer
Most successful general of Confederates Industry ("slave free")
22 million people
23 states (California, Connecticut,Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey ,New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Wisconsin, Delaware, Maryland ,Missouri, Kentucky) Manufacturing capabilities
Political Stability and Recognition
Developed Railway and Road system
Naval Power and Military Power
Telegraphs Fort Sumter April 12-14, 1861 Charleston - South Carolina
Union occupied Fort Sumter
Lincoln knew their are two possibilities
1. South accepts attendance of Union military
2. South will act defensive

12. April: Confederates opened fire
Captured Fort after 36h

Lincoln declared interlock of the southern harbors and Mississippi (River) compromise war limited supply for south http://www.historyplace.com/civilwar/cwar-pix/civmap.gif https://twimg0-a.akamaihd.net/profile_images/1312872790/relee2.jpg http://www.ottssutlery.com/images/reg_flag_union_civil_war.jpg http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=flag+civil+war+confederate&um=1&hl=de&tbo=d&rlz=1C1SVEE_enDE410DE410&biw=1454&bih=687&tbm=isch&tbnid=nqrWYH8cxvrwLM:&imgrefurl=http://www.swordsofhonor.com/ca-17-18.html&docid=TxgtRuWH-iZ8_M&imgurl=http://www.swordsofhonor.com/images/products/large_526_large_526.jpg&w=500&h=500&ei=Jx_oUNeYO4X0sgb8sYDIDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1083&vpy=352&dur=775&hovh=226&hovw=226&tx=127&ty=122&sig=112929037910723840683&page=2&tbnh=140&tbnw=139&start=32&ndsp=40&ved=1t:429,r:38,s:0,i:203 Sources Literature:
A Companion to American Cultural History - From the Colonial Period to the End of the 19th Century; Bernd Engler and Oliver Scheiding(Eds.); Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier 2009
Grundzüge der Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten; Hellmuth Günther Dahms; Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Darmstadt 1997
USA verstehen; Dietmar Herz; Primus Verlag 2011
Geschichte der USA; Horst Dippel; C.H. BECK Wissen; 9 .Auflage 2010
The American Past - A survey of American History Volume II: Since 1865 Enhanced Eighth Edition; Joseph R. Colin; Thomson Wadsworth 2009,
Civil War Quiz and Factbook; Rod Gragg; Promontory 1985
Weltgeschichte; Manfred Mai; Carl Hanser Verlag München Wien 20002
Der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg; Michael Hochgeschwender; C.H. BECK Wissen; 2010
Welt am Sonntag Nr. 53; 20|Zeitsprung - ,,Für immer frei"; 30.Dezember 2012

Last access 30.12.2012:
Last access 5.01.2013:
Animations, Videos and Illustrations Last access 30.12.2012:
http://www.ottssutlery.com/images/reg_flag_union_civil_war.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f1/United_States_Slavery_Map_1860.jpg The Battle of Hampton Roads March 8-9, 1862 Battle on the sea
Not first ironclad warships
First ironclads to battle against each other
Ironclad CSS Virginia (Confederate) attacked Union ship USS Cumberland
Union Victory http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_35kDzNt-gTQ/SaYFVRY8OvI/AAAAAAAABbo/duF_wH_Gvm8/s400/magva143.jpg http://telegraph.civilwar.org/cmsscripts/mapfeature.php?img=http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam/maps/antietam-animated-map-preview.jpg http://jimgrey.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/battleofantietam.jpg?w=600 Comparison of the American Revolution and the Civil War "A Revolution is defined as a fundamental change in power or organizational structure that takes place in a relatively short period of time. It could either be a complete change from one constitution to another or a modification of an existing constitution." 1. Confederate states does not belong to the USA after Secession
Not possible to fight a CIVIL War The Power and Dominance of the North and interlock on harbors
South viewed themselves as independent
Nationalism to protect their way of life The tyranny of the colonies by the British and the Taxes passed on by them
Colonies viewed themselves as independent
Nationalism to protect values Civil War American Revolution Increased Federal government power
National income Tax
Compulsory military service
Republican Party
Emancipation of women
Emancipation of the slaves
The legal Tender Act 1862
Changes of class system in South
Industrial development of the South Answer " The Civil War can definitely be seen as a second American revolution, because it changed Americas society, economy and politics substantially.

Firstly, the abolishment of slavery and therefore, the end of the aristocratic-society-system of the south modernized the USA.
Furthermore, the Civil War revolutionized the economy of the South to become industrial and in relation to politics, the federal government gained more influence and force on the individual states." Union Advantages of Union Confederate Advantages of Confederate Civil War in a nutshell Comparison of the American Revolution and the Civil War Population of Slaves of the USA before the Civil War
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