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Literary Terms You Need to Know

30 something terms that will help you pass this class

Lindsay Simpson

on 12 September 2017

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Transcript of Literary Terms You Need to Know

Literary Terms:
Things that you need to know to pass English 10

These are terms that if you know them ... This class will be far easier!
Dramatic Irony
External Conflict
Connotation vs. Denotation
Verbal Irony
Indirect Characterization
situational irony
round/dynamic characters
direct characterization
internal conflict
plot elements
Reference to a statement,
place, event or thing from
literature, history, religion,
myth, etc.
Character used to
highlight the traits
of another.
Round characters are multi-
dimensional and are complex.
Dynamic characters are
changed by the story's conflict.
Moments in the story
where the reader is not
certain the conflict will
be resolved
Long speech when a
character reveals personal,
internal thoughts or secrets.
When the audience knows
information a character on
stage does not.
When the opposite of what is said
is what is meant, IE - Sarcasm.
Poem in which a speaker
addresses one or more silent
listeners, reflecting on a problem
or a situation.
Man vs. Self: The character
struggles with a personal decision
or guilt about something. This
conflict is completely on the character
and in his/her head.
When the writer tells the
reader exactly what the
character is like.
Central idea or insight
revealed by the literature.
Characterization that is revealed throughout
the story; It is pieced together in a similar way
that we get to know people in real life, by using
clues in language, physical appearance, etc.
to determine what a person is like.
A pause in the current story
to retell a story from the past
that generally has some
relevance to the current story.
The author's reason and motivation for
writing the story.
When the opposite of what happens
is expected.
Narrative where
characters or settings
represent abstract ideas.
Connotation is the
association of all the
meanings of a word;
Denotation is the literal
Conflict outside of the main character.
It can be man vs. man, nature, society or
The five elements that make up the plot:
- Exposition
- Rising Action
- Climax/Turning Point
- Falling Action
- Resolution
The writer's/speaker's use
of language in a text.
Story's atmosphere or
feeling it evokes.
Story written with
the intent it is performed
on stage in front of an
Main character in a story.
Character that gets
in the way of the
One of many smaller
issues that arise, making
the overall conflict harder
to resolve.
The perspective a story is told.
- First person: From the perspective
of the character.
- Third person limited: From someone
outside the story, who only knows what
is seen on the outside.
- Third person omniscient: From someone
outside the story who knows all the characters'
thoughts, feelings and motivation.
Writer's attitude toward
a subject or a character.
Person, place or object
that stands for itself and
something beyond itself.
The use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur.
A flat character is a two-dimenstional character, who does not have a lot of depth. We may only see one or two sides of this character.

A static character is not changed by the conflict of the story.
flat/static characters
The writer's attitude toward his or her audience or subject.

The tone can often be described by a single adjective, IE - formal, serious, playful, bitter or ironic.
Narrative prose (story telling) about characters and events from the author's imagination. All works of fiction share basic elements.
Time and place in which a story takes place
Conversations between or among characters. In some literary works, characters will speak in a dialect, which is a particular way of speaking to a group or an area.
Extended works of fiction that are usually organized into segments called "chapters."
Intermediate (medium) works of fiction that are longer than short stories, but are more concise and focused than novels.
Brief narratives, with carefully limited action that allows the writer to focus on one main plot complication.
Short Stories
- To persuade: Editorials, speeches and reviews
- To inform: Articles, news reports, and instructions
- To entertain: Humor columns, biographies and auto-biographies
- To describe: Some essays and articles are written to help a reader understand the look, the feel or the experience of a person, a place or an event.
Purposes of Non-Fiction
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