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NP5 - Infixes

Na'vi Prezis are a new set of prezis that will introduce you to the language and help you learn it in an easy way. Made by Le'eylan (leeylan@hotmail.com) www.forum.learnnavi.org

Le'eylan forum.learnnavi.org

on 13 February 2011

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Transcript of NP5 - Infixes

In the previous lesson we learned what an infix is and where it goes.
Now it's time to use it and understand what it does to a verb.
You will also learn about the two words "ulte" and "sì".
<ei> and <äng>
<ei> and <äng> are both infixes that goes into position 2.
Let me show what happens when you use it.

It gives the subject a mood about what it's doing.
Oe tsway on.
Oe plltx e.
<er> and <ol>
<er> and <ol> are opposites.
Let's use the verb "tul" to show how these two infixes works.
They are both first position infixes.
Jake tolul.
<ol> <er>
Jake terul.
Future & past
We have four infixes that change the tense of the verb:
<am> <ìm> <ìy> <ay>. They are all first position infixes.
To show how they work, we will use a timeline.
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
When to use which?
Below you can see in what time span you use which infix.
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
Example for <ìy>
Po yìyom.
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
Example for <ay>
Pol yayom
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
Oe yìmom.
Example for <ìm>
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
Pa'li yamom.
Example for <am>
Summing it up a bit
<ei> and <äng> gives a mood to the verb. They only go in position 2.
<am>, <ìm>, <ìy> and <ay> are infixes that changes the tense of the verb. They only go in position 1.
<er> and <ol> tells if the action is completed or ongoing. They only go in position 1.
You can combine <er> and <ol> with the four infixes that changes the tense.
Combining <er> or <ol> with an other infix
<a m> <ì m> <ì y> <a y>
From <er> we take the "r" and from <ol> we take the "l".
Then it's just to put it in the infix that you want.
<alm> <arm> <ìlm> <ìrm> <ìly> <ìry> <aly> <ary>
From this you can get these infixes:
<ol> + <am> <er> + <am> <ol> + <ìm> <er> + <ìm> <ol> + <ìy> <er> + <ìy> <ol> + <ay> <er> + <ay>
Several infixes in the same verb
Let us put two infixes in a verb.
Mefo tsngerawvängìk.
Mefo pereiom.
Infixes. A lot of them.
There are more infixes than the 16 you now know. It can be hard sometimes to see what is an infix in a verb and what is not, but as Jake says:
When you know a lot of infixes, then you can combine up to four of them in the same verb.
The ones you now know are a great start!
Repetition, repetition, repetition
You should now be able to understand these sentences:
Oel Neytiriru fkxenit tolìng. Oe-l Neytiri-ru fkxen-it t<ol>ìng.
Jake tswarmayon. Jake tsw<arm>ayon.
Ayevengìl tsole'änga torukit. Ay-'eveng-ìl ts<ol>e'<äng>a toruk-it.

Lu Neytiriru tsko sì swizaw.
Lu Neytiriru tsko swizawsì.

Lu Neytiri-ru tsko sì swizaw.
Poanìl sì poel nerìn ayatokirina'it.
Poanìl poelsì nerìn ayatokirina'it.

Poan-ìl sì poe-l n<er>ìn ay-atokirina'-it.
Neytiriru lu Seze ulte po 'efu nitram.
What you know


<ei>, <äng>
<am>, <ìm>, <ìy>, <ay>
<ol>, <er>
How to combine these with <ol> and <er>
How to put more than one infix in a verb
The use of sì and ulte.

Ulte, sì
Tul, yerik, pa'li
Ftawnemkrr, pxisrekrr, set, pximawkrr, zusawkrr
Made by
Pictures from

for more lessons
Oel ngati kameie
And now you should be able to understand this completely.

It would for example be very rude to say something like:
Oe-l nga-ti kam<ei>e.

Oel ngati kamänge.
Neytiri lu tsamsiyu ulte po wem nìtstew.
Full transcript