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NP5 - Infixes

Na'vi Prezis are a new set of prezis that will introduce you to the language and help you learn it in an easy way. Made by Le'eylan (leeylan@hotmail.com) www.forum.learnnavi.org
by

Le'eylan forum.learnnavi.org

on 13 February 2011

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Transcript of NP5 - Infixes

Infix
In the previous lesson we learned what an infix is and where it goes.
Now it's time to use it and understand what it does to a verb.
You will also learn about the two words "ulte" and "sì".
Neytirrriii
Neytiri..
<ei> and <äng>
<ei> and <äng> are both infixes that goes into position 2.
Let me show what happens when you use it.

It gives the subject a mood about what it's doing.
Oe tsway on.
Oe plltx e.
<äng>
<ei>
<er> and <ol>
<er> and <ol> are opposites.
Let's use the verb "tul" to show how these two infixes works.
They are both first position infixes.
Tul
Jake tolul.
t<0><1><2>ul
<ol> <er>
Jake terul.
Future & past
We have four infixes that change the tense of the verb:
<am> <ìm> <ìy> <ay>. They are all first position infixes.
To show how they work, we will use a timeline.
set
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
Krr
____
When to use which?
Below you can see in what time span you use which infix.
set
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
<am>
<ìy>
<ìm>
<ay>
set
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
<ìy>
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
Example for <ìy>
Po yìyom.
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
set
<ay>
Example for <ay>
yerik
Pol yayom
yerikit.
<ìm>
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
set
Oe yìmom.
Example for <ìm>
<am>
pxisrekrr pximawkrr
set
ftawnemkrr zusawkrr
pa'li
Pa'li yamom.
Example for <am>
Summing it up a bit
<ei> and <äng> gives a mood to the verb. They only go in position 2.
<am>, <ìm>, <ìy> and <ay> are infixes that changes the tense of the verb. They only go in position 1.
<er> and <ol> tells if the action is completed or ongoing. They only go in position 1.
You can combine <er> and <ol> with the four infixes that changes the tense.
Combining <er> or <ol> with an other infix
<a m> <ì m> <ì y> <a y>
From <er> we take the "r" and from <ol> we take the "l".
Then it's just to put it in the infix that you want.
___
___
___
___
<alm> <arm> <ìlm> <ìrm> <ìly> <ìry> <aly> <ary>
From this you can get these infixes:
<ol> + <am> <er> + <am> <ol> + <ìm> <er> + <ìm> <ol> + <ìy> <er> + <ìy> <ol> + <ay> <er> + <ay>
Several infixes in the same verb
Let us put two infixes in a verb.
tsngawvìk
tsng<0><1>awv<2>ìk
tsng<er>awv<äng>ìk
Mefo tsngerawvängìk.
pom
p<0><1><2>om
p<er><ei>om
Mefo pereiom.
Infixes. A lot of them.
There are more infixes than the 16 you now know. It can be hard sometimes to see what is an infix in a verb and what is not, but as Jake says:
When you know a lot of infixes, then you can combine up to four of them in the same verb.
The ones you now know are a great start!
Repetition, repetition, repetition
You should now be able to understand these sentences:
Oel Neytiriru fkxenit tolìng. Oe-l Neytiri-ru fkxen-it t<ol>ìng.
Jake tswarmayon. Jake tsw<arm>ayon.
Ayevengìl tsole'änga torukit. Ay-'eveng-ìl ts<ol>e'<äng>a toruk-it.

Lu Neytiriru tsko sì swizaw.
Lu Neytiriru tsko swizawsì.

Lu Neytiri-ru tsko sì swizaw.
Poanìl sì poel nerìn ayatokirina'it.
Poanìl poelsì nerìn ayatokirina'it.

Poan-ìl sì poe-l n<er>ìn ay-atokirina'-it.
Ulte
Neytiriru lu Seze ulte po 'efu nitram.
What you know



Vocabulary

<ei>, <äng>
<am>, <ìm>, <ìy>, <ay>
<ol>, <er>
How to combine these with <ol> and <er>
How to put more than one infix in a verb
The use of sì and ulte.


Ulte, sì
Tul, yerik, pa'li
Ftawnemkrr, pxisrekrr, set, pximawkrr, zusawkrr
Krr
Made by
Le'eylan
(leeylan@hotmail.com)
Pictures from
avatar-italia.net

for more lessons
Oel ngati kameie
And now you should be able to understand this completely.



It would for example be very rude to say something like:
Oe-l nga-ti kam<ei>e.



Oel ngati kamänge.
forum.learnnavi.org
Neytiri lu tsamsiyu ulte po wem nìtstew.
Full transcript