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Copy of Bolivia

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Antonia S

on 18 June 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Bolivia

Sustainable development vs. economic growth - Case study: Bolivia
by Antonia Strubelt
Identification
Central zone of South America
Capital: La Paz
1.1 million km²
inhabitants: 10.500.000
population density: 9/km²
55% indigenous people
cultural diversity
The diversity of Bolivia's
landscape
Poverty and inequality
in contrast to
Bolivia's economic potential
Poverty and inequality
The importance of Bolivia's nature
​​53.4 million hectares natural forest
filtering and reprocessing CO2



between 35 to 45% of all global biodiversity




water supply from glaciers

vital to the indigenous
60% of Bolivians live under the poverty line

GDP: 27 billion US Dollars

HDI: 0,67

GINI Index: 58
Economic potential
“We will have an economy based on solidarity and reciprocity. We do not dismiss the presence of foreign investment, but we want it be real fresh investment to industrialize our hydrocarbons, all under state control.”
Evo Morales
Main minerals exploited:
Silver
Tin
Gold
Iron
largest deposit of natural gas and oil
largest known concentration of lithium
Deforestation
Land degradation
and soil erosion
Loss of biodiversity
Pollution
Vulnerability to climate change
Poverty
Ecological consequences
Analysis of the social and economic development
Economic boost
VS.
Exploitation of natural resources
Agriculture and forestry
Combining ecology with economy
ECOLOGY
ECONOMY
+
Bolivia Sustainable Forest Management Project
(BOLFOR II)
What they do:
technical assistance in local communities

training in forest management

participation in the local government

create protected areas
Their successes:
11 million acres of protected forest
less deforestation
habitat and species protection


improved incomes (23% increase) + market opportunities


stronger forest policy
fsd
foundation for sustainable development
Their partner: Centro de Capacitación y Asesoramiento Multidisciplinario (CECAM)
solar cooking systems
reduce smoke inhalation
improve water quality
slow deforestation

Their partner: Colegio el Molino
basic, primary, and secondary education
vocational and academic skills
awareness of social, cultural and gender equality
environmental education
sex and health education
Their partner: Instituto Para el Desarrollo Humano (IDH)
Increase knowledge about HIV/AIDS
medical, psychological, and juridical support
gender equality
health education
improving the quality of life
60% : expansion of agro-industry
legal and illegal logging
forest fires
mines and roads
extensive cattle grazing and monoculture
over exploitation of soil and vegetation
only 2-4 % of the land suitable for agriculture
obstacle to agricultural productivity
species loss
habitat loss
degradation of ecosystem services
global deforestation accounts for 25% of CO2 emissions
importance of glaciers
natural disasters
rising temperatures diseases
Water scarcity
discharges from mining activities
agricultural run offs
waste water from industries
Sources

Digby, Bob (et.al.)(2010): A2 Geography for Edexcel, Oxford.

Diercke Geography. Advanced level, Braunschweig 2012.

http://www.tradingeconomics.com (letzter Zugriff: 16.6.14)

http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de (letzter Zugriff: 16.6.14)

http://liportal.giz.de (letzter Zugriff: 17.6.14)

http://wko.at (letzter Zugriff: 17.6.14)

http://www.bolivianexpress.org (letzter Zugriff: 17.6.14)

http://www.nature.org (letzter Zugriff: 18.6.14)

http://fsdinternational.org (letzter Zugriff: 18.6.14)

http://rainforests.mongabay.com (letzter Zugriff: 18.6.14)
Sources: Pictures

http://syndikata-np.deviantart.com/art/Bolivia-Grunge-Flag-363838492
Eigene Bearbeitung nach: http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/south_america_map.htm
http://www.pcwalls.net/la_paz_wallpaper_2-wallpapers.html
http://jessicaswisher.blogspot.de/2010_09_01_archive.html
http://www.winwallpapers.net/bolivia-panorama-wallpapers-6909.html
http://galleryhip.com/bolivian-people.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oruro_Diablada
http://www.diariorepublica.com/politica/evo-morales-propone-juzgar-a-estados-unidos-ante-un-tribunal-de-pueblos
Eigene Bearbeitung nach: http://www.ezilon.com/maps/images/southamerica/map-of-Bolivia.gif
http://www.reddit.com/r/AskReddit/comments/25c405/whats_the_most_underrated_tourist_attraction/
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laguna_Verde_%28Bolivien%29
http://tourists360.com/salar-de-uyuni/
http://kichiwall.com/salar-de-uyuni-epic-place-wallpaper-hd/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beni_Department
https://www.makewav.es/story/569728/title/factsabouttheamazonrainforest
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prepona
http://m.animal.memozee.com/m.view.php?q=squirrel+monkey&p=3
http://thebrazilnutstory.wordpress.com/the-tree/
http://planetphoto.dyndns.org/bolivia/Sorata/
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/Pongo_0436b.jpg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/devinsawyer/3921569787/
http://blogs.ucl.ac.uk/dpublog/category/gender-equality/
http://www.sumitomocorp.co.jp/english/business/project-eye/article/id=275
http://en.mercopress.com/2007/09/11/oil-corporations-and-bolivia-agree-on-investment-program
http://www.lngworldnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Repsol-Starts-Gas-Production-at-Margarita-6-Well-in-Bolivia.png
http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2009/02/03/world/0203-LITHIUM_3.html
http://spilpunt.blogspot.de/2010/06/lithium.html
http://news.mongabay.com/2013/0128-bolivia-land-use-law.html
http://climatechangeslife.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/deforestation_bolivia1.jpg
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/post/correspondents-diary-journey-to-the-amazon/2012/08/29/d9c5c800-f1fe-11e1-a612-3cfc842a6d89_blog.html
http://www.thecropsite.com/uploads/files/news/2013/04/shutterstock_48032821%20-%20forest%20brush%20fire.jpg
http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2007/12/20/world/20bolivia-600.jpg
https://secure3.convio.net/wg/site/Donation2;jsessionid=47E2271008080FFD7073D536E0BF7CF6.app324b?idb=1202992682&df_id=2560&2560.donation=form1&idb=0
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e2/Soil_erosion_at_Hill_Farm_-_geograph.org.uk_-_1287527.jpg
http://earthfirstjournal.org/newswire/2012/06/24/photographs-of-biodiversity-and-extinction/
http://www.proftec.com/science-environment/amazon-deforestation-brings-loss-of-microbial-communities/
http://clikhear.palmbeachpost.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/101.jpg
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2005/oct/21/brazil.conservationandendangeredspecies
http://floodlist.com/america/4-killed-floods-rurrenabaque-bolivia
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/03/pictures/110302-bolivia-landslides-science-la-paz-world-weather/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaria
https://shipbright.wordpress.com/page/2/
http://www.compassion.com/bolivia/la-paz.htm
http://bolivia.for91days.com/tag/dschungel/
Eigene Bearbeitung nach: http://fsdinternational.org/country/bolivia
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/School_in_Bolivia.jpg
http://www.idhbolivia.org/
Eigene Bearbeitung nach: http://www.tititudorancea.com/z/ies_bolivia_dry_natural_gas_production.htm?exitframe=y
http://www.tradingeconomics.com/error.aspx?aspxerrorpath=/chart.ashx
Eigene Bearbeitung nach: http://www.mercatrade.com/assets/Capture-dcran-2012-07-09-19.07.35.png
http://www.tradingeconomics.com/bolivia/gdp-per-capita
http://www.group-ssc.com/timber/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Afrormosia-Logs.jpeg
http://www.foodmatters.tv/images/Soy_Foods.jpg
http://joyfulinthekitchengarden.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/cow.jpg

Economic significance
5.5 million tons suggested
developing a large-scale lithium industry
10.650 million US$ from exports in 2012
investments in infrastructure
Social significance
13% of Bolivia's GDP
traditional farming methods
expansion of soybean and coca plantations
livestock
timber industry
Full transcript