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Skin Cancer: Melanoma

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by

Juan Manjarrez

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of Skin Cancer: Melanoma

By Juan Manjarrez Skin Cancer: Melanoma Tanning Melanoma How does Melanoma begin? Types of Skin Cancer: Why are tanning beds a problem? What is Melanoma? There are three types of skin cancer:

Melanoma: Melanoma begins in melanocytes (pigment cells). Melanoma can occur on any skin surface.

Basal cell skin cancer: Basal cell skin cancer begins in the basal cell layer of the skin. It usually occurs in places that have been in the sun.

Squamous cell skin cancer: the most common type of skin cancer, and it's usually found in places that are not in the sun, such as the legs or feet. Tanning is getting popular nowadays for teenagers.
The search for a more natural and beautiful looking skin is leading teenagers to use artificial Ultra Violet light (UV). Research has shown that tanning beds leads to Melanoma
According to Time Magazine, “In 2006 the World Health Organization estimated that up to 60,000 deaths worldwide are caused each year by excessive UV exposure and urged youths under 18 to steer clear of indoor tanning.” A new study has evidence that tanning beds contribute to a more common non-melanoma skin cancers:

Basal Cell Carcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma

People who start tanning before the age of 25 are more likely to get these thypes of skin cancer Artists such as Katy Perry, Jessica Simpson, and other artist promote their bronze tan through appearance and music Statistics A form of cancer that begins in melanocytes (cells that make the pigment melanin)
Estimated new cases and deaths from melanoma in the United States in 2012: New cases: 76,250
Deaths: 9,180
It may begin in a mole

It can also manifest in other pigmented tissues, such as the eye or intestines
Risk Factors
Risks for Any Type of Skin Cancer Other risk factors for Melanoma: The main risk factor for skin cancer is exposure to sunlight (UV radiation), but there are also other risk factors.
Studies have shown that the following are risk factors for the three most common types of skin cancer:
sunlight
severe, blistering sunburns
lifetime sun exposure
tanning
sunlamps and tanning booths
personal history
The following risk factors increase the risk of melanoma: Dysplastic nevus: A dysplastic nevus is a type of mole that looks different from a common mole. More than 50 common moles: a common mole is smaller than a pea, has an even color (pink, tan, or brown), and is round or oval with a smooth surface. It is estimated that 76,250 men and women (44,250 men and 32,000 women) will be diagnosed with and 9,180 men and women will die of melanoma of the skin in 2012 http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/melan.html SEER Incidence Lifetime Risk From 2005-2009, the median age at diagnosis for melanoma of the skin was 61 years of age. Approximately 0.6% were diagnosed under age 20; 6.8% between 20 and 34; 10.7% between 35 and 44; 18.2% between 45 and 54; 21.6% between 55 and 64; 18.8% between 65 and 74; 16.7% between 75 and 84; and 6.6% 85+ years of age. US Mortality From 2005-2009, the median age at death for melanoma of the skin was 68 years of age. Approximately 0.1% died under age 20; 2.6% between 20 and 34; 5.6% between 35 and 44; 13.5% between 45 and 54; 19.9% between 55 and 64; 21.2% between 65 and 74; 24.1% between 75 and 84; and 12.9% 85+ years of age. Based on rates from 2007-2009, 1.99% of men and women born today will be diagnosed with melanoma of the skin at some time during their lifetime. This number can also be expressed as 1 in 50 men and women will be diagnosed with melanoma of the skin during their lifetime http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/melan.html#incidence-mortality http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/melan.html#incidence-mortality http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/melan.html#risk The issue of melanoma is a serious one, since skin cancer is on the rise killing people at younger ages and burdening the U.S. healthcare system. To address this issue the U.S. must make stricter laws that govern tanning beds. What are some solutions to tanning beds? melanoma? The government must make strict laws in order to try and solve the issue of tanning beds
set an age limit to tanning beds
Implementing programs in schools to educate young people about the dangers of tanning beds
Inform the public about melanoma
Protect yourself from the sun
use appropriate clothing when going outside and sunblock
Solutions Works Cited
"Cancer Statistics." Melanoma of the Skin. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/melan.html>.
"Cancer Statistics." Melanoma of the Skin. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/melan.html>.
"College Students Who Use Tanning Beds Often Burn: Study: MedlinePlus." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_127906.html>.
"Give Us Feedback." NCI Cancer Bulletin for June 1, 2010. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cancer.gov/ncicancerbulletin/060110/page2>.
"National Cancer Institute." What You Need To Know About Melanoma and Other Skin Cancers -. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/skin/page4>.
"National Cancer Institute." What You Need To Know About Melanoma and Other Skin Cancers -. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/skin/page5>.
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