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Eysenck's PEN model of personality
Transcript of Eysenck's PEN model of personality
Hans Eysenck (1916-1997) used factor analysis to reduce Cattell’s 16 personality factors to three.
dimensions of personality- Introversion/extroversion, neuroticism-emotional stability and psychoticism,the EPQ
According to Eysenck we inherit a tendency to be high or low on each of the three dimensions.
individual differences in personality could be explained on the basis of two related factors, our genetic makeup and the functioning of our brain and nervous system.
Eysenck called the first dimension extroversion-introversion
Extroversion is at one end of the scale, and introversion at the other
People who are extroverted tend to be more sociable, outgoing and talkative, and enjoy interacting with others.
introverts tend to be quiet, thoughtful, and reserved
Eysenck called the second dimension of personality neuroticism-emotional stability
neuroticism refers to a person’s tendency to worry and to be emotional, anxious, moody and restless.
A person at the other end of this dimension is typically calm, even-tempered, relaxed and therefore high in emotional stability
Lower level personality traits
Eysenck proposed that people could be classified into four basic personality types by combining these two dimensions.
introverted-neurotic, introverted-stable, extroverted-neurotic, and extroverted-stable
Each personality type has underlying lower level personality traits as shown in the diagram.
In 1976 following further research on these two dimensions Eysenck identified a third dimension which he called psychoticism.
psychoticism encompasses lower level traits such as aggression, egocentric, impulsive, and antisocial.
this dimension doesnt have an opposite
psychoticism is present in some degree in all individuals
this dimension was controversial among psychologists because of the close association between psychoticism and various types of mental illness involving loss of contact with reality.
To measure each dimension of personality, Eysenck developed the “Eysenck personality questionnaire” (EPQ).
It is designed to evaluate the personality of individuals aged over 18 years and take 10-15 minutes
questions are specifically designed to measure the 9 traits that underlie each dimensions
The scores obtained indicated how much or how little a person has of each dimension and the personality profile is developed.
Personality Traits underlying PEN model