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Transcript of Sentence Basics
Let's take a closer look
Most sentences simply state facts, conjectures, or arguments,
but sometimes they will want to give commands or ask questions.
- forms a statement while providing information about the subject.
a.He watches Sex and the City reruns.
b.He really likes television.
a. Can I tweet from your page?
b. He let me tweet from his page.
- forms a question about the subject.
a.Does he watch Sex and the City reruns?
b. Does she know those Apple Bottom jeans are so last year?
a. Can I go to the mall with Folandria?
b. I need to get the new Apple Bottoms.
Simple Subjects and Complete Subjects
A noun and its modifiers
It says something about the subject.
Predicates: Verbs and their objects or complements
- groups of related words that serve as building blocks of sentences on a larger scale than parts of speech.
Phrases and Clauses
- demand something of their subjects.
a.Do not watch reruns of Sex and the City.
b.Give me the pizza if she’s not going to eat it.
a. I need you to get off of me.
b. Will you please leave me alone?
them the job right away.
Identifies an action that the subject performs or does to somebody or something.
- emphasizes a point or expresses strong emotion.
a. I’m really looking forward to watching Sex and the City reruns with you!
b. She better eat that gosh darn pizza!
a. I've fallen and I can't get up!
b. What should I do for the next hour?
- A noun or pronoun that names the topic of the sentence
-Simple subject plus its modifiers
1. Three six-year-old
solved the puzzle in less than five minutes.
ran over the fence.
The cat is in the hat.
Generous people over 40
always donate money to charities.
Dirty cars need a bath too!
Contain two or more simple subjects connected with a conjunction such as: and.
thinking and bold design
are characteristics of her work.
Peanut butter and Oreos make a delicious snack.
It is the verb of the sentence.
The verb and its modifiers, objects, or complements.
sent chills down my spine.
Delivered, signaled, said.
Describes an action by a subject, but not an action done directly to anything.
Hit, ran, sat
Appositives rename nouns or pronouns and appear right after the word they rename.
the widely respected R. S. Smith
, has shown that a child's performance on such tests can be inconsistent.
Computers can rip,
, audio files
In this example, the
has successfully taught her
students how to actively engage in text.
Let's test your skills..
identify the appositive in
Now let's learn about absolute phrases!
modify an entire sentence. They include a noun or pronoun; a participle; and their related modifiers, objects, or complements. They provide details or causes.
The actors took their bows,
their spirits lifted by the
Here's an example..
So what part of this sentence is the absolute phrase?
The girl smiled at her mother, her heart pounding with the excitement of being a newly-wed.
Now its your turn!
Nouns Phrases and Verb Phrases
Noun Phrases consist of a noun/noun substitute & its modifiers. They function as a subject, object, or subject complement in sentences.
Let's take a closer look!
The ancient, dusty library book
Michael Phelps swam
the dark, icy waters
of the English Channel
Ralph Lauren is
an iconic and classical fashion designer
Verbals are words derived from verbs. They function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs, but they do
serve as verbs.
Let's examine the different forms
comes before walking.
Chris tripped over the
The child went
across the floor.
Sometimes appositives name
other parts of speech.
also known as subordinate clause
they have a subject and a predicate and cannot stand alone as a complete sentence
also called relative clauses
adjective clauses modify pronouns or nouns
identifying dependent clauses
Verbals may take modifiers, objects, and complements to form three kinds of Verbal Phrases
Participial phrases begins with either a present participial (ing) or a past participial (ed/en) Function as adjectives and Often utilizes commas
Insulted by his comment, Elizabeth refused to dance.
always uses the –ing form of a verb as a noun & commas NEVER follow a gerund phrase that begins a sentence
My hobby is cooking steak on the grill.
Infinitive Phrases use the infinitive form( to be/to go/ to live) of a verb. They function as adverbs, adjectives or nouns and can be subject, complement, or direct object of a sentence.
His publisher made him finish his novel.
- a group of related words that lack a subject, predicate, or both
"The house at the end of the street caught on fire."
a. "At the end of the street."
b. "Caught on fire."
- a group of related words that include a subject and predicate
- can stand as their own sentence
- cannot stand alone;
function in sentences as adjectives, adverbs or nouns
a. I slept while he drove.
b. It is cold even though it's still summer.
a. I slept.
b. It is cold.
A closer look at what makes a sentence...a sentence.
Gerund Phrases -