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Myocardial Infarction

Information & Exercise After Heart Attack
by

Brandon Shute

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of Myocardial Infarction

Brandon Shute Myocardial Infarction Definition Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack) = Death of cardiac tissue due to a blockage in the blood vessels which cuts off the blood supply and oxygen to an area of the heart Risk Factors Age
Family History
Cigarette Smoking



High Blood Pressure
Sedentary Lifestyle Pressure
Pain extending beyond the chest
Increasing episodes of chest pain
Prolonged pain in upper abdomen
Shortness of breath
Sweating
Fainting
Nausea and Vomiting Symptoms Exercise Prevention is always better than treatment
Best way to reduce the risk of myocardial infarction is through a proper diet and exercise
If unavoidable, there are ways to recover from a heart attack Obesity
High Cholesterol



Pre-diabetes
Protective HDL Levels Start Begin exercise regimen with minimal intensity
light physical therapy or slow paced walking
short duration
5-10 min at a time Halfway There After progression is allowed, cycling and walking are good methods of exercise!
Easily accessible and low impact
Alternative-arm crank if unable to stand
Effective at raising heart rate On Your Way! After a cardiovascular base has been built, weight training or resistance training can be used to challenge the heart and increase heart rate and strength
Aerobics can also be used at this stage
Goal is to get the heart back up and running again ASAP, but without causing any further damage.
Even if the patient waits a while, better late than never Benefits Of Exercise Improved Heart Function
Improved Body Function
Reduced Cardiac Risk Factors
Reduced Risk of a Second Heart Attack
Improved Psychological Well-Being References Additional Symptoms For Women Heartburn or abdominal pain
Clammy skin
Lightheadedness or dizziness
Unusual or unexplained fatigue CLINICAL Exercise training has the greatest benefitial effects on LV remodeling in clinically stable post-MI patients occurring when training starts earlier (from one week) and lasts longer than 3 months

Results from the study also showed that a 2-month exercise rehabilitation program in post-MI patients is useful for improving both blood pressure and exercise capacity and should be encouraged more commonly Haykowski, Mark, et al. "A Meta-analysis of the Effects of Exercise Training on Left Ventricular Remodeling Following Myocardial Infarction: Start Early and go Longer for Greatest Exercise Benefits on Remodeling." Pub Med Central. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3083361/>

"Heart Attack: Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Your Guide to Recovery." Sutter Health CPMC. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. <http://www.cpmc.org/learning/documents/rg-acutemi.html#Planning%20Your%20Activity>.

Kargarfard, Mehdi, Reza Rouzbehani, and Fatema Basati. "RouzbehanEffects of Exercise Rehabilitation on Blood Pressure of Patients after Myocardial Infarction." International Journal of Preventative Medicine 1.2 (2010): 124-30. Print.

Kenney, W. Larry, Jack H. Wilmore, and David L. Costill. Physiology of Sport and Exercise. 5th ed. Champaign: Human Kinetics, 2012. Print.

Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013.<http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart-attack/DS00094>.
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