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Sports Development Continuum P1 / M1
Transcript of Sports Development Continuum P1 / M1
Sport Development Continuum in Badminton
Badminton is a sport that can be developed through 4 stages of the performance pyramid. Starting from beginners all the way to professionals, i will describe each stages of the development below:
Sport Development Continuum in Athletics
Athletics is a sport that can be developed through 4 stages of the performance pyramid. Starting from beginners all the way to professionals, i will describe each stages of the development below:
Sport Development Continuum
Contrast and comparisons
What is it?
The sport development continuum, also known as the performance pyramid is a model that signifies a persons participation in a sport by what stage they are at. it can also emphasize the route a performer can take to become an elite performer/athlete.
What are the stages?
The model has 4 stages...
The second stage is the participation stage and what happens here is when people start to get involved in sport regularly and play a couple times a week but not at competitive level.
The third phase is the performance stage and this is when performers train with a coach frequently and start to enter competitions whether its at county level or age-group level.
The first stage is called the foundation stage and it consists of people who are beginners in sport. this stage generally contains young people who will not understand the rules of the game but will develop basic skills and movement.
This is the professional stage. Performers that play at national and international level are categorized in this stage. They would be playing sport at least 24-26 hours a week including matches and competitions at the weekends.
In this level we put emphasis on improvement through regular practise, competition and skills training. Trials are usually used to enter the academy and sponsorships are available at this stage.
Normally club or county players should be at this stage and the average amount of competition they should do is 6-9 weekends per 3 months in the competitive phase and 0-2 weekends during off season/summer.
Coaches that teach at this level should be a UKCC level 2+ qualified and also a level 1 can assist. Training wise, players at this level must have at least 10 hours of physical activity per week, of which 5-7 hours should be badminton-related, including 2 hours of school sport. Each session should be about 30-90 minutes.
Players are in the national team and entering championships around the continent or internationally at this level. UK Sport manages all athletes at this level. National badminton players are categorized in age groups starting with U13’s through to U19’s doing competitions such as the UK school games, junior Olympics and European competitions.
Then after that it is just the matter of being in the Senior England team and play internationally e.g. commonwealth games, Olympics, Open tournaments all across the world and Yonex All England etc. there are stages that badminton England go through from fundamentals to peak performance.
At elite level, players should be playing at high volume and intensity. The number of sessions is approximately 26 hours of physical activity per week, of which 14-16 hours should be badminton training, 5-10 hours of off-court training and 3-4 hours of match play. The amount of competition they should compete is 6-9 weekends per 3 months in the competitive phase and 0-3 weekends in training phase. Coaches should be Level 4+ qualified.
The foundation stage of badminton is about learning the basis movement skills, knowledge and understanding of the sport.
The foundation stage in badminton are presented through schools (secondary and community colleges etc.) which is taught as part of the curriculum.
schools also operate lunchtime and after school session/clubs
The participation stage of badminton is when people take part in the sport more regularly (twice a week) for health and fitness and fun - becoming more of a hobby.
Exercising ones leisure option, taking part in sport for health, fitness, friends and fun.
Getting involved in clubs within the leisure
centre and community.
Having a small amount of competitiveness between clubs in the local area (playing a friendly game)
Attending coaching sessions and in some instance it can be linked to club sessions too.
Striving to improve, to compete, to attain personal goals.
Going that extra mile to improve in ability and performance. Instead of a hobby, the sport becomes more of a passion.
Wanting to compete in matches within the local area – then progressing to county level depending on ability and personal goals.
Unless recognised at junior level players wishing to aspire to higher levels must be playing for one of the top clubs and taking part in the tournament circuit to be chosen to represent county/regional levels.
One of the first times someone will get an experience of athletics is when they are in primary school when the school run things like sports days.
Some P.E lessons at schools may be a build up to sports days so that everybody will have the chance to compete in events. This can help their understanding of athletics in more perspective.
some schools compete against other schools in area competitions so that they can challenge their abilities with others. This will then enable teachers to observe potential athletes that can go really far into their sporting career.
Athletic clubs are catergorized by the age of the athletes e.g. under 11's - this is the regulations that states the competitive age.
The clubs are run by the athletes that represent the club at a competitive level and know exactly how to coach the sport.
A child can join this club and train every week until they are old enough to compete.
The clubs train all the events, so the children can get a good understanding of all the events in athletics and what event they would like to compete in.
The clubs also concentrate on all the events so that they can make the up and coming athletes versatile in what they can do.
During the “Training to Compete” phase, high intensity individual event and position-specific training is provided to athletes year-round. Athletes, who are now proficient at performing both basic and sport specific skills, learn to perform these skills under a variety of competitive conditions during training. The training side of it all must be appropriate for that athlete and their event so that it does not affect their health in any severe way. They will know that cheating is unacceptable as it it not natural - athletes will be tested for drug use and other offence that helped them to get where they are.
Special emphasis is placed on optimum preparation by modelling training and competition. Fitness programs, recovery programs, psychological preparation and technical development are now individually tailored to a greater degree. This emphasis on individual preparation addresses each athlete’s individual strengths and weaknesses. Double and multiple periodization is the optimal framework of preparation.
This is the final phase of athletic preparation. All of the athlete’s physical, technical, tactical, mental, personal and lifestyle capacities are now fully established and the focus of training has shifted to the maximization of performance. Athletes are trained to peak for major competitions. Training is characterized by high intensity and relatively high volume. Frequent
“prophylactic” (preventative) breaks help to prevent physical and mental burnouts. Training to competition ratio in this phase is 25:75, with the competition percentage including competition-specific training activities.
National athletes will compete in major events such as the commonwealth games, olympics, international open events etc.
If a child wants to attend a local athletics club, their parents will have to search for a club appropriate for their child. This means finding a local track and talking to coaches about what they do and what how they coach the athletes.
Sometimes, schools reccommend a child to attend a club because of them becoming a potential athlete in the future so they can have opportunities to try them.
The foundation stage in swimming is where the children will learn the basic of swimming skills in swimming lessons or through school.
This consists of people who are beginners in swimming. It will mostly consist of younger children starting to get into the sport. They would need help getting used to being in the water and keeping themselves afloat.
They will be in the foundation stage until they are confident and comfortable in water where they swim without no help.
The participation stage in swimming is when the children are good enough to join a club for example ‘a swimming club’ where they can improve on their skills.
This will be a massive jump from foundation stage because they will be joining a swimming club with swimmers better than them with completions throughout the training sessions
. Due to the appropriateness of the session, it will be categorized to different target groups as there arhildren there with different level of abilities and it doesnt seem fair to mix the highly skilled swimmers with beginners.
They will also start to be introduced to swimming galas when their skill is good enough and have the confidence to compete. They will start of at a low level swimming gala.
The performance stage of swimming involves swimming for a good standard swimming club where the competitions are at national level competing against the best swimmers of an age group in the country. Swimmers who reach this stage all want to try to be professional swimmers competing at international competitions and Olympic Games. For this reason, the performance stage is all about training and working hard in the gym in order to make it to the top. A strength for the development in swimming is there are very good facilities available such as Olympic standard pools and gyms. Therefore, it is all down to the motivation and determination of the swimmers as the facilities are there for them to succeed.
The elite stage of swimming is Olympic standard where the very best swimmers are from all around the world. This would be a person’s whole lifestyle as they need to train every day in the pool, be in the gym very regularly and make sure they have the right diet. They have to do everything possible to stay at the top after all the hard work it takes to get there. A possible weakness is that once you reach this standard it is a big pool, you’re either the best or the rest. There’s no format to win at a certain level like divisions in football.
The way that that athletes can progress is by moving up groups in the swimming club.
Going into regional and national competitions and also competing in the arena league. Can be done by getting the times needed and getting spotted out by a Olympic coach during a competition.
Or maybe by doing a teaching course in swimming and gaining a level 1,2,3 to coach children swimming.
The foundation stage between the three sports seems to start off by beginners learning the basic skills of the sport. for example, in badminton, pupils are taught the basic rules of the game and the technique of how to hold the racket. in contrast, swimming is the same thing but in different content as the children will start off getting used to the water and practice on being afloat using woggles etc. the foundation stage is basically the beggining and introduction to sport.
At participation stage, it is the next step further when all children had learnt/gerasp knowledge of the basic skills of the sport, then they will start to play that sport on a more regular basis so that they can improve. in addition, this means that they are enjoying what they are doing are willing to carry on and progress to the next level. In badminton, Players would attend local clubs and play against other people in league matches around that specific area. Similarly, in athletics parents would try and find out local clubs for their child to attend and also talk about their coaching side of view - how long will they train for? etc. However, in swimming children must be able to swim without any help or floats to be at this stage hence why it is a massive jump from foundation stage. it is the choice of being able to swim by themselves or not.
This is a big jump for badminton, athletics and swimming. By this stage, players and athletes must be playing at least at county level. In badminton they do trials to see any potential players that can be picked for each age group (u11, u15, u17, u21) whereas in athletics, they compete in competitions in order to be in a county team. they also run in age groups. This is really the start of the competitive level for each sport and athletes should be training more than twice a week and at higher intensity to be able to progress to the next level.
This is the ultimate level that athletes could be ranked in their sport around the country or even the world! Based on badminton, Lee Chong Wei and Lin Dan is a prime example of elite level in badminton as they have competed in the commonwealth games, yonex all england open and the Olympic Games this is as far as it gets - competing against the world. Swimming has the same process as all the best swimmers compete in national and international competitions such as the Olympics and World series etc. over to athletics, again it is the same principles - all athletes that has progressed from the foundation stage and have reached the top has made it to the elite level. winning gold in the event heptathlon at the 2012 Games, Jess Ennis-Hill had risen to become the next new role model to young people all over the world. she has made a name for herself for having that motivation, determination and effort to become who she is now.