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SENTENCE ERRORS

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by

Labbie Labbie

on 22 July 2016

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Transcript of SENTENCE ERRORS

SENTENCE ERRORS
Three Types
of
Sentence Errors
Comma Splices
A comma splice is the unjustifiable use of only a comma to combine two separate sentences.
Four Ways to Revise a Comma Splice
Run-ons
A run-on or fused sentence is two independent clauses that are not separated by any punctuation. Even if one or both of the fused sentences contain internal punctuation, the sentence is still a run-on.
From Mamie Webb Hixon's
Real Good Grammar, Too
Created by Kyndall Turner, Spring 2015

Comma splice:
Wearing a seatbelt is not just a good idea, it's the law.
Revision:
Wearing a seatbelt is not just a good idea; it's the law.
1. Separate the sentences with a period.
Comma Splice:
Tevon won the award, he had the highest score.
Revision:
Tevon won the award
.
He had the highest score.
3. Separate the sentences with a comma and one of the FANBOYS.
Comma Splice:
Tevon won the award, he had the highest score.
Revision:
Tevon won the award
, and
he had the highest score.
2. Separate the sentences with a semicolon.
Comma Splice:
Tevon won the award, he had the highest score.
Revision:
Tevon won the award
;
he had the highest score.
4. Separate the sentences with a subordinating conjunction such as
although
,
because
,
since
, or
if
.
Comma Splice:
Tevon won the award, he had the highest score.
Revision:
Tevon won the award
because
he had the highest score.
Run-on: Emily Dickinson wrote her poems in seclusion she never intended them for publication.
Revision: Emily Dickinson wrote her poems in seclusion. She never intended them for publication.
Four Ways to Revise a Run-on
You can revise a run-on using the same four methods that you use to revise a comma splice.
1. It was a beautiful day
.
There was not a cloud in the sky.

2. It was a beautiful day
;
there was not a cloud in the sky.

3. It was a beautiful day
, for
there was not a cloud in the sky.

4. It was a beautiful day
since
there was not a cloud in the sky.
period
semicolon
comma+FANBOYS
subordinating conjunction
Sentence Fragments
A fragment is an incomplete construction which may or may not have a subject, a verb, or a complete thought. Specifically, a fragment is a group of words pretending to be a sentence.
Fragment:
Traffic was stalled for ten miles on the freeway. Because repairs were being made on potholes.
Revision:
Traffic was stalled for ten miles on the freeway because repairs were being made on potholes.
Two Ways to Revise a Sentence Fragment
1. Add essential elements to the fragment (i.e. subject, verb, complete thought).
2. Connect the fragment to the sentence from which it is disconnected.
Fragment:
B.B. King and Morgan Freeman know a lot about cotton fields. Both having grown up in the Mississippi Delta region.
Revision:
B.B. King and Morgan Freeman know a lot about cotton fields
,
both having grown up in the Mississippi Delta region.
Fragment:
B.B. King from Indianola, Mississippi, and Morgan Freeman from Clarksdale, Mississippi.
Revision:
B.B. King
is
from Indianola, Mississippi, and Morgan Freeman
is
from Clarksdale, Mississippi.
The twins are inseparable, neither of them will go anywhere without the other.
What is the sentence error below?
a) comma splice
b) run-on
c) fragment
d) The sentence is correct.
The twins are inseparable, neither of them will go anywhere without the other.
Correct Answer
a) comma splice
b) run-on
c) fragment
d) The sentence is correct.
Stewart and Rosemary flew to Denver from there, they drove to the ski lodge in Aspen.
What is the sentence error below?
a) comma splice
b) run-on
c) fragment
d) The sentence is correct.
Stewart and Rosemary flew to Denver from there, they drove to the ski lodge in Aspen.
Correct Answer
a) comma splice
b) run-on
c) fragment
d) The sentence is correct.
Correction: Stewart and Rosemary flew to Denver. From there, they drove to the ski lodge in Aspen.
Correction: The twins are inseparable. Neither of them will go anywhere without the other.
The study showed that many employees eventually begin to neglect their duties. Merely because they become bored with their job.
What is the sentence error below?
a) comma splice
b) run-on
c) fragment
d) The sentence is correct.
Correct Answer
a) comma splice
b) run-on
c) fragment
d) The sentence is correct.
Correction: The study showed that many employees eventually begin to neglect their duties, merely because they became bored with their job.
The study showed that many employees eventually begin to neglect their duties. Merely because they become bored with their job.
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