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Music History (1900s-Present)

AP US History

Caleb Parks

on 3 June 2014

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Transcript of Music History (1900s-Present)

Modern Music
Music in the US throughout the 20th and 21st Centuries
Began to appear in 1935
Found it's origins in jazz, and, like jazz, it's founders were African-American
Popularized by Benny Goodman in 1935
Used a repetitive background rhythm or "riffs" to produce a very danceable style of music
Popularized during the depression
Duke Ellington- "It Don't Mean a Thing (If it Ain't Got That Swing)
Glenn Miller- "In the Mood"
Originated in the 50s and 60s
Had its roots in blues and jazz
Often had a very lively feel
Helped blend and bridge a gap between Whites and Blacks
Challenged many prevailing ideas and mentioned taboo topics
Dick Clark
American Bandstand helped disseminate new types of music and artists
Elvis- "Hound Dog"
Dance Music


-"Club" music (enticed dancing)
-Originated from counterculture looking for an alternative rock music
-Songs became longer with funky beats and rhythms
-Disco songs reached peak on charts between 1974 and 1977
-Saturday Night Fever
- Gloria Gaynor- "I Will Survive"
Woodstock was a three day rock concert that epitomized the hippie counterculture in 1969
Altamont was an attempt to recreate Woodstock that ended in violence and was generally unsuccessful
Folk Music experienced a Resurgence
Music used to protest societal norms, the government, and the Vietnam War
Bob Dylan- "Blowin' In the Wind"
Founded in the Southern Bronx area of New York
Began with Emceeing (Spoken rhymes to rhythmic beats)
Saw the birth of the deejay
First appearance of break-dancing and beatboxing.
Much of the music was anti-establishment and violent, which drew a great deal of censorship issues in the genre.
Businesses like media took advantage of the popularity of Hip-Hop and incorporated it into much of their coverage
Sugar Hill Gang- "Rapper's Delight"
Hair Bands
Style included aspects of previous styles of music
Rock ballads
Harder, more pronounced beat
Guitar Riffs
Encouraged living by your own free will
Crazy costumes and hair
Outright use of drugs
Guns N' Roses- "Sweet Child O' Mine
The Commencement of Modern Pop
R&B returned with contemporary artists such as Prince and Michael Jackson
Music like Soul music became directed towards higher tempo dance music
The use of electronic synthesizers became mainstream in pop music
As modern pop grew, opposition to pop created underground music that started grunge rock and alternative music
Michael Jackson- "Thriller"
Country Western
Began as an offshoot of bluegrass
Started to get popular in the 50s and 60s due to exorbitant amount of singing cowboys in movies and television
After the rock and roll revolution of the 60s it mixed with some of the rock elements to create a more electric sound than the acoustic bluegrass
Influential artists included Johnny Cash, Patsy Cline, Willie Nelson, Loretta Lynn, and Dolly Parton
Characterized by vocal "twang" and use of mainly electric or acoustic guitar
Modern country western is more pop than anything else, because although the two main elements still exist, electric synthesizers became more important than ever to the genre
Johnny Cash- "Ring of Fire"
British Invasion
Mid 1960s
Movement in which aspects of British culture, most notably their music, became popular in the United States
Popular bands and artists
The Beatles
The Who
The Rolling Stones
Internationalized the production of Rock and Roll
Brought a different and distinct sound to America and other countries.
The Beatles- "I Wanna Hold Your Hand"
The Crooners
Technological advancements in the microphone allow singers to focus on musicality over projection
Male singers who were accompanied by big bands or orchestra
Were adored by women at vaudeville shows, yet were seen as another fad
Frank Sinatra- "You Make Me Feel so Young"
Ragtime (1897-1918)
Jazz Age (1920-1950)
The Phonograph, invented by Thomas Edison in 1877, becomes affordable to the public with a new model known as the Gem.
Swing Age (1930-1940s)
Blues (1930-1940s)
Throughout the past century in the United States, the development of music and the culture around it manifested the desires of the contemporary youth, displayed the innate influences that African American music expressed on mainstream music, and paired itself with the technological advancements made throughout the ages.

Appealed to urban landscape
-Originated from African-American spirituals
-Songs made while working on plantations
-Relied on smooth rhythms and specific chord progressions
-Focused progressions on minor chords, became the basis of blues
-Those who wrote blues music had roots in minstrel shows
-Written for broad audiences
-Gospel music formed from Blues
-Robert Johnson- "Come on In My Kitchen"
Bluegrass (1948-1970s)
Rock n' Roll
Classic Rock and Roll
British Invasion
Disco (1965-1980s)
Modern Pop (1970s-present)
Glam/ Hair Metal
Originated in the Appalachian mountains in the early 20th century as immigrants from England, Ireland, and Scotland settled in the area.
In 1948, bluegrass music emerged as an industry, as a product of post-war cultural developments
Traditional bluegrass emphasized folk tunes with simple chord progression, simple melodies, and acoustic instruments like fiddle, guitar, banjo, and mandolin.
Sub-genres include progressive bluegrass (which features the use of electronic instruments and styles imported from other genres), bluegrass gospel (which uses Christian lyrics and 3 or 4 part harmony), and neo-traditional bluegrass (which is a revert back to traditional bluegrass sounds).
Bluegrass Artists- "Will the Circle Be Unbroken"
Hip-Hop (1980-late 1990s)
Country Western (1990s-Present)
Rock and Roll
Music led to new types of dance that also affected new music
First Popular Music in the United States
Came from Folk Songs and African American Work Songs
Used the European system of music
Had syncopated "ragged" rhythms and was played to rag dances
Scott Joplin- "Maple Leaf Rag"
Connected to corruption of youth:
Quote in the 1900 article, "Musical Impurity": "The counters of the music stores are loaded with this virulent poison which in the form of a malarious epidemic, is finding its way into the homes and brains of the youth to such an extent as to arouse one's suspicions of their sanity."
Folk (1930-1950s)
W.C. Handy, a guitarist, meets a minstrel show actor. They swap musical abilities and blues music is born. Not until the 1930s did it blossom though.
American Classical Music (1910-1960s)
American Classical Music
Appealed to urban landscape
George Gershwin
First to combine popular music and classical music
Rhapsody in Blue
Aaron Copland
Music based on folk songs and western culture
Rodeo and Billy the Kid
Leonard Bernstein
Pushed the boundaries of Classical Music with Jazz and Latin Music
Composed West Side Story
George Gershwin- "Rhapsody in Blue"

Part of American culture since the start of the country, with immigrants contributing melodies and rhythms that led to drinking songs, work songs, and children's rhymes.
The Great Depression led to the identification of the folk music genre in America, with Woody Guthrie being the first folk artist to define the genre
The 1950s and 60s was a resurgence of folk music in American culture, with artists like Arlo Guthrie,Pete Seeger, and Simon & Garfunkel repopularizing the genre
Folk music was also important in the 70s as a tool for protesters, who returned to the traditional and often religious songs as a peaceful way of protesting the social injustices of the day
Bob Dylan, a folk turned rock musician, redefined the genre with his introduction of electric instruments to his songs
Woody Guthrie- "This Land is Your Land"
Early 1920s
The Western Electric Double-Button Carbon Microphone becomes the standard in broadcasting worldwide.
- Characterized by Electropop styles
- Formerly uncommon instruments (saxophone, banjo, accordion and whistling) becoming more and more common through the use of different styles by influential and "rebellious" musicians
- Daft Punk- "Get Lucky"
First cassette tape produced. However, they did not gain popularity until 1964.
Sony invents the first compact disk (CD) and the first CD player to accompany it.
Audible.com produces the first production-volume portable audio player. Shortly after, other companies began to release their own.
George Gershwin
Elvis Presley
The Beatles
Johnny Cash
Michael Jackson

Popular in the 60s
From England- part of the British Invasion
"artists who broke through the constraints of their time period to come up with something that was unique and original ... in the form of popular music, no one will ever be more revolutionary, more creative and more distinctive ..."
- Robert Greenfield (former Rolling Stone editor)
Helped modernize the idea of the music video.
Seen as symbol of rebellion and free-spiritedness
Became huge Icons
Musical innovations and changed the way people listened to popular music.
Widely regarded as the "King of Rock and Roll"
Influenced by gospel roots
Absorbed black R&B music as a child in Memphis
Major sex symbol, hip gyrating
"His kind of music is deplorable, a rancid smelling aphrodisiac...It fosters almost totally negative and destructive reactions in young people." -Frank Sinatra
Endeared by millions
Started playing Piano at the age of 11
Dropped out of school to pursue a piano career at the age of 15
Played as a piano performer
Began composing music
Story behind Rhapsody in Blue; written for Paul Whiteman
Porgy and Bess known as a "folk opera"
Hired to compose for Astaire and Rogers
Passed away at 38 due to brain tumor
Began his music career at age 10 as a part of The Jackson 5
Popularized the idea of music videos with his songs "Beat It", "Billie Jean", and "Thriller."
Widely considered to be the "King of Pop," as his famously known music and dances drew brought never-before-seen attention to the genre.
Helped break down some of the still-existing racial barriers of the time
Created 13 number-one singles in the United States
Most downloaded artist of all time
Died of drug overdose in 2009
One of the first country western icons of the 20th century, but he also influenced rock and roll, blues, folk, and gospel.
Was known for his tough image, even acquiring the nickname the "Man in Black" because of his clothing choice on stage.
“I wore black because I liked it. I still do, and wearing it still means something to me. It's still my symbol of rebellion -- against a stagnant status quo, against our hypocritical houses of God, against people whose minds are closed to others' ideas.”
-Johnny Cash
His music echoed the themes of sorrow and redemption, with notable songs "I Walk the Line", "Ring of Fire", "Get Rhythm", and "Man in Black".
Music starts to see a whole new form of broadcast medium as the radio becomes popular in America. Americans are given a simple way to listen to music, allowing the different genres to take off in popularity.
On August 1, "Video Killed the Radio Star" becomes the first ever music video is broadcast on MTV, launching yet another new medium for music to be broadcast upon.
Early 1970s
The synthesizer allows for a new form of music to emerge: Synthpop. The music uses a synthesized melody to compose the backbone of the song, and its popularity grew rapidly.
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