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Team Esquire

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by

Jayvi Vilar

on 12 August 2014

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Transcript of Team Esquire

The Problem
Methods of waste segregation in the country include scavenging and manual sorting. These may pose as serious environmental and health threats and should be given action.
Our Objectives
To design and fabricate a machine that is capable of solving the problem on waste segregation
THE AUTOMATED WASTE SEGREGATION MACHINE FOR SORTING PET BOTTLES, GLASS BOTTLES, ALUMINUM CANS AND TIN CANS
ALPHA DESIGN
Did you know?
Over P3.54 Billion is spent annually

Team Esquire
Jose Antonio Vilar II
Alfonso Caparas
Kurt Lee
Jerome Advincula
Metro Manila generates around 3.2 million tons of garbage every year
There are 10 dump sites scattered across Metro Manila (as of 2006)
Current automated waste segregation machines are also expensive.
To increase safety and reduce environmental impact in society
To innovate the country's waste management system
Individual Trash Bins
Inverse Pyramid
Sorting System
Design
Specific Objectives
To be able to identify and sort PET Bottles, Aluminum Cans, Tin Cans and Glass Bottles
To attain a process speed of 5 seconds
To be attain a sorting accuracy of 90%
3-Phase Process
Powered by Electronic Actuators (Pneumatics)
Programmed using Arduino
1. Input – Entry of garbage into the machine
2. Sensing – Sensors detect the type of garbage loaded
3. Sorting – Garbage will be sent to the appropriate category bin after appraisal

Sensors Design
Transparent Object Detecting Photoelectric Sensor
Inductive Sensor for Aluminum
Inductive Sensor for Ferrous Metals
Capacitive Sensor
Limitations
Measurement Restrictions:
Maximum Diameter: 5 inches
Minimum Diameter: 2.5 inches
Maximum Length: 17 inches
Minimum Length: 4 inches
Cannot process liquid, chemical and hazardous wastes
The garbage must be completely empty and undeformed
Sensors Used
Sensor Logic
Arduino Controlled
THANK YOU!
Design Considerations
Research on Sensors
Research on Sorting Mechanism
Research on Existing or Similar Technology
Design Sorting Mechanism
Design of Sensor Frame
Canvas for Suppliers and Fabricators
Finalize Sensor Line Up
Purchase Sensors
Present Initial Designs to Fabricator
Make Necessary Changes to the Design
Present Final Design
Fabricate Machine
Set Up and Programming
Check Progress of Fabricator
Make Necessary Changes and Consideration to Machine
Testing of Mechanical Design of Machine
Set Up Electronic Components of Machine
Testing of Electronic Components
Begin Programming
Final Testing and Presentation
Test Programming of Machine
Make Necessary Adjustments
Test Reliability
Presentation of Machine to Panel
Finalize Thesis Paper
Present Final Thesis Defense
Progress
Purchasing and Fabrication
Sensors Will Detect the Material of the Garbage
Full transcript