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Jessica Hoeschele

on 19 September 2013

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Transcript of Horses

By: Jessica Hoeschele, Nickayla Floyd, Tayla Barnfield, and Jessica Johnson
The End
Horses have been around for more than 50 million years- much longer than our own species has existed.

Humans domesticated horses 6,000 years ago.

Colors and Patterns
Basic coat colors include...

and Gray
Other coat colors include...

Hoof Structure
1. Heel bulb
2. Periople at the heel
3. Heel
4. Quarter
5. Toe
6. Periople
7. Coronary band
1. Frog
2. Bars
3. Sole
4. White line
5. Walls

Horses have been breed selectively to have certain characteristics and body types.

Over time, we have created more than 200 breeds, from the powerful Clydesdale to the graceful Arabian.

Horses are altered and used for work, sport, therapeutic use, warfare, products,

Selective breeding

The height of horses is measured at the highest point of the withers, where the neck meets the back. This point is used because it is a stable point of the anatomy.

We measure the height of horses in hands and inches: one hand is equal to 4 inches.

The abbreviation for hands is either "h" or "hh".
Size and measurement
Horse Markings
The horse's senses are based on their status as prey animals. They are aware of surroundings at all times.

They have the largest eyes of any land animal. They are lateral eyed, meaning their eyes are positioned on each side of their head.

Their sense of smell is more advanced than humans. It not their most reliable sense.

Horses have exceptional hearing. The pinna of the ear allows the ear to rotate 80 degrees.

They have an advanced sense of taste and can use their lips to sort through food.

Facial Markings:

Blaze- a wide white stripe down the middle of the face.

Strip/stripe- a narrow white stripe down the middle of the face.

Bald Face- a very wide blaze, extending to or past the eyes.

Star: a white marking between or above the eyes.

Snip: a white marking on the muzzle, between the nostrils.

Leg Markings:

Stocking- white marking that extends at least to the bottom of the knee or hock, sometimes higher.

Sock- white marking that extends higher than the fetlock but not as high as the knee or hock.

Fetlock/Sock- white marking that extends over the fetlock.

Pastern- white marking that extends above the top of the hoof, but stops below the fetlock.

Coronet- white just above the hoof, around coronary band.


Sarcoids- is a nonmalignant but locally aggressive tumor most often seen on the head, belly, groin, and legs.

Aural Plaques- form inside the horse’s ear. The cause of these crusty, whitish lesions is unknown.

Rain Rot- is a skin disease caused by bacterium and thrives in moist conditions and enters through damaged skin


Thrush- Bacterial infection of the frog

White Line Disease A breakdown of the protein in the inner hoof wall by bacteria and fungi

Abscesses Infections of the soft portion of the hoof

Cataract- is any opacity in the lens of the eye. This can affect the horse’s vision. (appear as grey or white areas in the lens).

Dermoid- is a growth of skin tissue on the surface of the eye.

Equine Recurrent Uveitis- is a disease that is the leading cause of blindness in horses.


Stringhalt- is the over flexing of one or both back legs.

Capped Hocks- are large fluid filled swellings on the points of the hock.

Thoroughpins- are caused when the tendon in the upper rear hock area becomes inflamed.
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