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Interior Design Basics

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by

Cathy Dittmer

on 4 December 2014

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Transcript of Interior Design Basics

Interior Design Basics
Decisions, decisions.....where to start?
What is your style?
Goal!
May you have a beautiful, warm,
inviting home that welcomes friends and makes you and your family happy!
Design is not just about making things look pretty, design is about making people feel like they never want to leave the space you designed. It's about designing to satisfy not only function, but also emotion. It's about the joy of creating beautiful and functional environments for others.
Now that you have style,
What are your colors?
Scale
The 60-30-10 Rule of Color
The most neutral (dull) colors of scheme should be the largest quantity and the brighter the color becomes, the smaller the area it should occupy. So:

60% neutral lighter colors, usually walls
30% stronger colors, usually flooring
10% accent colors, pops, and patterns
Space Planning
Zones are how we function:
public, service, and private.

Public: entry, guests, family room, dining room

Service: Work areas are the kitchen, laundry, utility room, garage, office

Private: bedrooms and bathrooms
Contemporary
Country French
Asian
Mediterranean
Transitional
Traditional
Simple, but elegant
A mix of contemporary and traditional
However,
Dark walls make a space look smaller and
more cozy and if you have lots of natural
lighting - go for it!
Scale relates to the size of objects within the size of a room. As a normal guideline, a small room would take a small plant, smaller furniture, patterns, etc. And so on for medium and larger size objects and rooms. The scale of furniture should be to the scale of the room.
The furniture in this gorgeous room is packed too tightly to allow a walkway in front of the sofa. There should be a minimum of 15 to 18 inches between the sofa and coffee table.
Balance
Symmetrical
Radial
Asymmetrical
Informal & unpredictable but always stable. Trust instincts when balancing non-matching sides.
Central axis and stable. All things round, comforting, informal.
Perfectly balanced. Formal & stable. Two of everything may get boring after a while.
What type of balance comforts you?
Circulation
Emphasis
Emphasis, or focal point, is what catches your eye as you walk into a room. There should be at least one focal point per space. Very large spaces may offer primary and secondary focal points. Some good focal points are fireplaces, art, statues, a tapestry, or a view. You can paint an accent wall to sharpen the focal point.
Proportion
Harmony
Color - Continued
This living room has good neutral and stronger colors with a splash of color seen in the teal pillows and tray. There is also a temporary pop of color with the bright pink flowers.
Good Design Transcends Time
Fads do not last long. Trends last about 10 years. A well designed piece of furniture will always be in fashion to transcend time.
What about tables?
The distance between the edge of the coffee table to the edge of the sofa should be within 18". Everyone needs a place
to put a drink or book.
More tables...
The top of a bedroom end table should always be level with the bed and at least 18" deep.
Rhythm
Repetition
Gradation
Transition
Continuous, recurrent, or organized movement moves eye around room. Repetition could be a line, item, arches, collonade, repeated pillows, lights, etc.
Gradation could be a series of sizes, or making lighter to darker,
or skinny to fat.
Transition forces the eye to move around the room from the focal point. Eyes automatically go up a staircase.
Opposition
Horizontal
Opposition of colors, shapes, or angles
Horizontal lines make you relax, they are more casual.
Circulation in homes allows walkways around objects and walls. Furniture placement is good to force people in the direction you want them to go.

Primary circulation: important house requirement allows 36" minimum walkway around dining furniture, routing people around furniture, openings to bedrooms, bathrooms, stairs, hallways and egress.

Secondary circulation: allows 24" around beds to be able to make them. In small rooms beds are allowed within 6" of wall for access. Also, leave 24" around each diner at the table and bar.
This is good circulation because the walkway does not go in front of the TV. The fireplace adds a nice bonus.
Rhythm is a decision to get the eye from place to place around the room through:
The abstract painting makes a beautiful focal point with no distractions in this asymmetrical room.
Harmony is achieved with a unified theme and then add in some variety to produce interest. The pop of interest could be a color or animal print pattern, for example. In this image it is the color of the orange mirror.
Developing a Plan
A plan in mind helps to cut costs, create harmony and unity, and helps the whole home flow easily together to create the atmosphere that makes your home peaceful and fits your family's needs.
Lighting
General Lighting
Artificial Lighting
Direct Lighting
Task Lighting
Accent Lighting
General lighting provides an even amount of light throughout a room. Recessed lighting is a good example.
Task lighting is for a specific task and requires a high level of projected light, such as for sewing, reading, painting, and cooking.
Transcends Time
White cabinets with black counter tops transcends time, as well as the opposite and light cabinets with light counter tops to name a few...
Updating a Home
Every 10 years a home needs updating, whether its new flooring, a fresh coat of paint, new door knobs, molding, updating wood paneling, or new furniture. Maintaining a home helps to keep it current, protects your investment, gives it a good cleaning, and keeps it in good repair.
Lamp Shades
Using the correct lamp shade will help to direct light where it is needed most whether its up, down, or out. For instance the empire shade controls light down, while the pinched pleat does not give much lighting.
- Dorothy Minarsch
Lines
Vertical
Diagonal
Vertical lines make a room look taller and creates a sense of formality.
Curved
Diagonal lines provide excitement and movement.
Curved lines make the space look softer when large and tense with light.
Lines
Radiation
Radiation comes from a central point like custom floors, a plant, or a grand ceiling
Lines in a room give impact and emotion. Good design has all lines, but one line should rule. Use lines that creates emotion. This room has used all lines, but horizontal dominates.
Think functionally when space planning - not emotionally.
The right colors in a room compliment each other with the right proportion.

The size and scale of the furniture is pleasing and allows for freedom of movement. Allow an area of 48" for dressing.

Decorations in a room should be in accordance with the size of the object
it is decorating.
The future is sustainable living, which includes lighting. Fluorescent tubes and LED lights are much more efficient than incandescent bulbs. Incandescent bulbs are more flattering and good for mood lights, but much more expensive to run.
Indirect Lighting
Indirect lighting bounces off a ceiling or wall and tends to be softer and more diffused.
Direct lighting is facing down, such as a chandelier or pendant light.
3 to 1 Lighting Ratio
Accent lights should be 3 times stronger than surrounding lights for impact and should be on a dimmer switch.
Use a 3 to 1 ratio to make your art really beautiful with general, task, and accent lighting in use.
Form Follows Function
L-o-v-e these! Built-ins are a great way to change a room to make it more functional to the family's needs. Plus they give an added bonus of more storage areas and/or bookshelves.
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