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The Legacy of Reconstruction

Answers the question: What do you think the legacy of Reconstruction was?

Electric Pineapples

on 20 May 2011

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Transcript of The Legacy of Reconstruction

The Legacy of Reconstruction What legacy did Reconstruction leave behind? Even after the Reconstruction amendments, African-Americans still had to fight for their rights as American citizens. Black Codes Are laws that were passed in the south to restrict the rights of freed slaves. They restricted the basic rights of African-Americans by prohibiting their right to vote, not allowing them to participate in jury duty, limited their right to testify against white southerners in court, disallowed them to own weapons, and prevented them from working in most occupations. Jim Crow Laws Jim Crow Laws made it legal to seperate whites and colored people. They seperated the races in every public place. Citations "Civil Rights Timeline." InfoPlease. Pearson Education, Inc, 2007. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.infoplease.com/spot/civilrightstimeline1.html>. Simkin, John. "Black Codes." Spartacus Educational. Spartacus Educational, n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASblackcodes.htm>. Simkin, John. "Jim Crow Laws." Spartacus Educational. Spartacus Educational, n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAjimcrow.htm>. Because of Black Codes, Jim Crow laws, and the KKK, many African Americans became fed up. They started movements for their civil rights. Jim Crow laws and Black Codes angered African Americans. They felt like the new laws violated their rights and some didn't even feel like American citizens. One of the most well-known Supreme Court cases is Plessy vs. Ferguson. This case ruled that segregation was fine, as long as the facilities were equal. 1896- Court Cases 1954- Another landmark Surpreme Court case involving civil rights was Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. This case proved that the ruling at Plessy vs. Ferguson ("seperate but equal") was unconstitutional. It ruled that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." Fight the Power Many African Americans refused to be treated like foreigners and boycotted the laws that white authorites forced onto them. Sometimes, even the smallest refusal made a large difference. 1955- NAACP member, Rosa Parks made what may seem like a small move now, but was a big deal then. She refused to give up her seat to a white southern and move to the "colored section" of the bus. To southerners, Rosa Parks was breaking a law. She was arrested, and as a result the Montgomery African-American community boycotted buses until they became desegregated. 1957- At a formally all-white school, nine black students' entry is blocked at the doors on the order of the governor. President Eisenhower had to send federal troops and the National Guard to assist the students into the school. These nine high school students were later known as "Little Rock Nine" 1963- In Washington, D.C., about 200,000 people join the March To Washington. Later, at the Lincoln Memorial, King gave his "I Have a Dream" speech. 1968- Martin Luther King Jr. is shot while standing on the balcony of his hotel by a man who was suspected to be part of the KKK. 1991- After countless debates, Bush finally decides to sign the Civil Rights Act of 1991, which strenghtened the existing civil rights acts by protecting those who are discriminated against when applying for a job. 2008- The Civil Rights Act of 2008 is suggested. It ensures that federal money will not be used to support discrimination, improves responsibility for violations of workers' rights & civil rights, and holds employers responsible for age discrimination. Even though the Reconstruction amendments may have reconstructed the South politically and economically, it still left the social issues as a pile of rubble. The repairing of America's social issues were left in the people's hands, and are STILL being dealt with as of today. There is still discrimination of the races in many workplaces, colleges, and schools despite of all the civil rights acts that have been passed.
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