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Research Article Critique

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Linda Sperling

on 26 July 2016

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Transcript of Research Article Critique

Study Strength and Weaknesses
Researcher Bias
Protecting Human Subjects
Ethical Considerations
Legal Considerations
Relationship between
Theory
Practice
Research
Nurse's Role in Disseminating Research
Objectives: Part 2
Phase 1: Comprehension
Phase 2: Comparison
Phase 3: Analysis
Phase 4: Evaluation

Strengths & Weaknesses of a Study
Researcher Bias
A slanting of findings away from what is true or accurate
Researcher Bias (Cont)
Quantitative designs are developed to reduce the possibility and effects of bias. Any component of a study that deviates or causes a deviation from a true measurement of the study variables contributes to distorted findings.

Many factors related to research can be biased;
these include attitudes or motivations of the researcher (conscious or unconscious), the components of the environment in which the study is conducted, selection of the individual subjects, composition of the sample, the groups formed, the measurement tools, the data collection process, the data, and the statistical analysis.
Protecting Human Subjects
Ethical Issues
Protecting Human Subjects
Minors (neonates and children), pregnant women and fetuses, mentally impaired persons, and unconscious patients are legally and/or mentally unable to give informed consent
GOAL!
Research Article Critique
Understanding the Concepts
by Dr. Linda Sperling
Objectives: Part 1
Quantitative Research
Objectives: Part 3
Standard 1: Descriptive Vividness
Standard 2: Methodological Congruence
Standard 3: Analytical and Interpretive Preciseness
Standard 4: Philosophical orr Theoretical Connectedness
Standard 5: Heuristic Relevance
Qualitative Research
(See pp. 422-446 in your textbook)
(See pp. 446-461 in your textbook)
Burns & Grove (2011) Page 420 - Table 12:1
All studies have strengths and weaknesses, so attention must be given to all aspects of the study:

Be objective and realistic.

You need to recognize a study ’ s strengths to determine the quality of a study and the credibility of its findings.

When identifying study strengths or weaknesses, provide examples from the study and state a rationale, along with
documentation to support your conclusions.
One of the important differences between quantitative and qualitative research lies in the degree of involvement of the researcher with the participants of the study. This involvement, considered a source of bias in quantitative research, is thought by qualitative researchers to be a critical element of the research process. The nature of the researcher-participant relationship has an impact on the collection and interpretation of data.
Ethical principles include the principles of respect for persons, beneficence, and justice that are relevant to the conduct of research.
Legal Issues
Relationship Between
A theory is a speculation or a principle that explains or predicts
a phenomenon. It can be used to generate a hypotheses that can
be tested by research. There is a strong entwining between theory
and research as the results of a research study can provide
evidence that either supports the theory or causes the theory to
be rejected. Theory and research serve as the foundation for
practice.

(National Assistive Technology Research Institute, 2006).

Disseminating Information
One way to disseminate information to other practitioners
include the use of networks.
The purpose of disseminating the information include:
• To ensure the help and support needed to make a change
• For sharing ideas
• To build a support network for professional development
• To reduce work related stress and to build confidence


(International Council of Nurses, 2012).

Research - Theory - Practice
Quantitative
The comprehension phase involves
identification of the steps of the
research process


Phase 1: Comprehension
Burns & Grove (2011)
pp. 423, Ch. 12
Quantitative
During the comparison phase, you must examine the
extent to which the researcher followed the rules for
an ideal study. Examine the steps of the study, such as the problem, purpose, framework, methodology, and results,
based on the content presented in Chapters 4 to 11 of
your book. Did the researchers rigorously develop and
implement the study? What are the strengths of the study?
What are the weaknesses of the study?
Phase 2: Comparison
Burns & Grove (2011)
pp. 425, Ch. 12
Quantitative
The analysis phase involves a critical appraisal of
the logical links connecting one study element with another.

To conduct the comparison and analysis steps, review the chapters in your text, as well as other references describing the the steps of the research process. Then compare the steps
in the study you are critically appraising with the criteria established for each step in your textbook or other sources
Next analyze the logical links among the steps of the study
Phase 3: Analysis
(See pp. 425, Ch. 12 in your textbook)
Quantitative
During the evaluation phase of a research critical appraisal, the meaning and significance of the study findings are examined.
The evaluation becomes a summary of the study’s quality
that builds on conclusions reached during the first three
phases

The evaluation phase involves reexamining the findings, conclusions, limitations, implications for nursing, and
suggestions for further study, which usually are presented
in the discussion section of a research report.
Phase 4: Evaluation
Burns & Grove (2011) pp. 427, Ch. 12
Qualitative
Critical Appraisal of Quantitative and Qualitative Research for Nursing Practice

Standards Described Fully with Sample Study in your text.
Burns & Grove (2011)
pp. 446-461
References

Burns, N., & Grove, S. K. (2011). Understanding Nursing Research Building an Evidence-Based Practice (5th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix.
International Council of Nurses (2012). Closing the gap from evidence to action. ISBN: 978-92-95094-75-8
National Assistive Technology Research Institute (2006). The role of theory and research in practice. Retrieved April 1, 2016 from http://natri.uky.edu/resources/reports/theory.html

Burns & Grove (2011)
Burns & Grove (2011)
Burns & Grove (2011)
Burns & Grove (2011)
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