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Freydis Eiriksdottir

Socials 9 - Explorers Project
by

Fiona Lam

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Freydis Eiriksdottir

Freydis Eiriksdottir
c. 975?
Freydis Eiriksdottir was born at around 975 and was the illegitimate daughter of Eirik the Red, a great Viking explorer who had discovered Greenland.
c. 1004
Freydis decided to go on a second expedition to Vinland, despite the failure of the first.
c. 1005
Freydis and her husband decided to go on another expedition. This time with the Icelandic brothers, Finnbogi and Helgi
c. 1020
Freydis' death date is unknown, but it is thought that she did of natural causes (probably old age).
She had 3 brothers: Lief the Lucky, Thorvaldur, and Thorsteinn.
She married Thorvard, the owner of Gardar (present day Igaliko), which was one of the richest estates in Greenland. They farmed in Gardar. It was said that Freydis had married Thorvard only mainly because of his money.
Freydis and her husband decided to go on a 3-year expedition to Vinland (present day North America)
.
There was never decent foods and the journey was filled with rough nights and violent storms. Freydis had become pregnant along the way and therefore things were not as convinient for her.
The natives of the land thought that the Vikings were trying or going to harm and poison them. Therefore, they attacked the crew who fled immediately, leaving the slow, pregnant Freydis there trying to defend herself.
By the time the crew came back to the boat, Freydis had fallen over and the natives were nearly right upon her. She scared them away by waving her sword and shouting a powerful battle cry. The natives screamed and immediately ran to the hills
Freydis then went into hiding and gave birth to her son, Snorri. She became a farmer to help her survive and some time later, the Vikings came back to rescue her.
One of her ship sank. Luckily, no lives were lost, but half of their supplies and food were gone. Because there was not enough food to serve all the crew, she commanded the sailors on the first ship to kill everyone on the second ship.
They arrived at L'Anse aux Meadows (a part of the northeastern part of Newfoundland). Soon, they got into another battle with the natives and had to flee again.
The sailors, then, killed everyone except the women. In the Viking culture, it is a shame to harm on of their own women if she was unarmed. Freydis took her axe then killed five unlucky women herself.
The two parties had agreed to have 30 fighting men and the women on a boat each. Freydis had immediately broken her promise by taking five extra men.
Arriving at the destination, they both had two separate settlements because of the great amount of disagreements. The arguments were produced partly because of Freydis' lie and unfaithfulness to the argument.
After going to where the brothers were staying and buying their bigger boat, she went back to her husband to kill the brothers and their whole crew. Freydis had lied to him telling him that one of the brothers had attacked her. She threatened to kill him if this task was not done.
Her husband finally agreed to kill the brothers, but refused to kill the women. Freydis once again stepped up and killed the women herself.
Returning to Greenland, Freydis told everyone that the brothers and their crew were staying in the new land because they liked it there. Killing their friends and running away from their enemies could result in their lives in exile. Freydis threatened the crew that she would murder them if they tell anyone the truth. Eventually, the truth did surface and spread.
Apparently she invented an early sleeping bag on one of the trips using the boat's sail.
Bibliography
Clements, Gillian. The Picture History of Great Explorers. London: Frances Lincoln Limited, 2004. 13. Print.
Ingstad , Helge, and Anne Ingstad. The Viking Discovery of America. New York: Checkmark Books, 2001. 56-59,65-66. Print.
Moore, Donna. "Wicked Women - Freydis Eiriksdottir." CrimeSpace. Crimespace, 23 2007. Web. 20 Nov 2012. <http://crimespace.ning.com/profiles/blogs/537324:BlogPost:50211>.
. "Freydis Eriksdaughter in "The Saga of the Greenlanders"." Great Unsolved Mysteries in Canadian History - Where is Vinland?. N.p.. Web. 20 Nov 2012. <http://www.canadianmysteries.ca/sites/vinland/whereisvinland/freydis/3879en.html>.
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