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Adaptation of animals and plants in chaparral

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Regina Mao

on 7 October 2014

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Transcript of Adaptation of animals and plants in chaparral

Adaptation of animals and plants in chaparral
Grey Fox
The grey fox is a solitary hunter, and eats a lot of different things such as berries, nuts, birds, insects, rabbits and other rodents. In the arid regions of the chaparral it will eat more insects and plants than foxes living farther east.Its ability to climb trees allows it to eat food not eaten by the red fox.
Black-tailed Jackrabbit
Jackrabbits have huge ears. It can regulate its body heat by increasing or decreasing the blood flow through its ears. This helps the jackrabbit absorb heat or cool off. This help them lived in the area of the desert and chaparral
Cactus Wrens
Cactus Wrens like to breed in successional chaparral scrub (chaparral that has recently come back from a burn). The female will select a nesting site in low, thorny trees or shrubs.
Golden Jackal
The Jackal is a predator and it helps the environment by keeping the rodent, gazelle, bird, and frog population downIn the winter it gets colder and the Jackal grows a thick coat of hair in preparation to this season. The Jackal has also adapted to eating insects.
Puma
The puma is incredibly adaptable to its environment. Prey of the puma is deer, it will also eat insects, birds and mice. It will kill and eat any small to medium sized animal. It has a habit of scraping leaves over its kill to hide it. It will stay in the area and feed off the kill for several days.
Spotted Skunk
Spotted skunk live in a variety of temperatures. The western spotted skunk builds a den out of a hole in the ground and lines it with leaves. Occasionally a spotted skunk will live in a hollow tree. All skunks can spray their predators
Bezoar Goat
A special adaptation of a goat is its wool which helps it survive the harsh mountain climate. Another adaptation is its horns, which it uses to defend itself and fight for females.
Blue Oak
Blue oaks are adapted to drought and dry climates. They can survive temperatures above 100° F for several weeks at a time. Average maximum temperatures in July can range from 70° to 100° F. In January minimum temperatures can range from 10° to 35° F. Annual precipitation averages 20 to 40 inches and mostly falls in the form of rain.
Coyote Brush
The pappus catches the wind and blows away, like dandelions, helping Coyote brush spread its seeds. Coyote shrub's large root system which extends many yards out from the plant to make use of any rain that might fall in its dry habitat.
Common Sagebrush
Sagebrush can also be found on the dry plains of the western U.S. and the drier southern side of mountains. Sagebrush grows in dry places where other plants do not, but it prefers well drained soils in sheltered areas.
Fairy Duster
Eaten by many different chaparral and desert animals, the Fair Duster is also used as decorative shrubs in gardens and landscapes.
French Broom
It spreads quickly and grows in dense stands that crowd out native plants. French broom escaped gardens and highways and invaded their environment.
King Protea
Protea can take moisture in through its leaves. This works well where it grows. There isn't much annual precipitation. Ocean fogs frequently blanket the area of the coastal chaparral and plants have adapted to getting their water through their leaves.
Olive Tree
Olive trees can grow in nutrient-poor, but well-drained soils. It needs full sun for fruit production, but also needs a slight winter chill for the fruit to set. Temperatures below 15°F will kill a young tree.


Manzanita
Mariposa manzanita grows in Mediterranean climate types with warm, dry summers and rainy winters. They can tolerate a fair amount of water for the first two years of growth, but will die if over-watered as mature plants.
Mountain Mahogany
The main adaption is dwarfing (getting smaller to survive). It dwarfs because of severe drought, changes of climate, and the poor soil. This tree seems to be invincible because it cannot be killed by an axe (it cannot be killed by taking chops at it), drought or fire, so it has been given the name "hardtack".
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