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Basic Sentence Patterns
Transcript of Basic Sentence Patterns
Verbs Ditransitive Verbs Monotransitive Verbs S + Vi + (Optional Adverbial) S + Vi + Obligartory Adverbial S + Vl + Subject Complement
(Noun Phrase) S + Vl + Subject Complement
(Adjective Phrase) S + Vct + Od + Co
(NP) S + Vct + Od +
Obligatory Adverbial S + Vct + Od + Co
Michael Jackson died last year.
The fire won’t die.
Mozart died a poor man.
A Swedish Tin Can Collector died a millionaire.
He died a violent death.
My grandmother died a natural death. Vdt + Oi + Od OR Vdt + Od + to Oi
ONLY Vdt + Oi + Od
Vdt + Oi + Od OR Vdt + Od + for Oi
ONLY Vdt + Od + to Oi
ONLY Vdt + Od + for Oi The children kept at home all day.
Sarah stayed at school yesterday.
The children remained indoors last night.
John kept in the office all day. OPTIONAL COMPLEMENT OBJECT VERB PREDICATE SUBJECT SUBJECT OBJECT ADVERBIAL OBLIGATORY DIRECT INDIRECT Daniel comes from a rich family.
Picasso’s paintings are hanging on the wall.
My sister lives in New York. All mortals die.
Andrea is studying in her bedroom right now.
Edward has phoned three times this morning.
Magdalena was walking along the seaside last night. Paul bought a new car last month.
My mother is watering the plants in the garden.
I painted the door last week. I stuck the wallet in the drawer.
I put the book on the shelf.
Keep your hands up. She left me speechless.
I find his book boring.
We want our car blue.
This girl is driving me crazy.
We appointed Mark our leader. My husband became a lawyer last week.
The plants seem dead.
My town gets very crowded in summer.
My dreams came true. I gave him a present.
I asked Bob a difficult question.
My mother knitted a beautiful pullover for Susan.
He announced his engagement to his parents.
He designed a house for his friend. Steve smiled a thin, cruel smile.
He appears to have lived the life of any other rich gentleman.
I once dreamed a very nice dream.
She died a terrible death.
Alice danced her most beautiful dance that night.
The students fought a terrible fight at school.
He sang his most marvellous songs at the concert last Saturday. The Cognate Object