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Family Developmental Theory
Transcript of Family Developmental Theory
Family development theory is an approach to studying families, which is useful in explaining patterned change, the dynamic nature of the family and how change occurs in the family life cycle.
Families move over time through successive stages. Each stage has tasks critically important and somewhat unique to the stage. Accomplishment of the stage related tasks provide the means for appropriate and satisfying development for individual family members. Two basic concepts to “Developmental Theory”:
1 The Life Cycle - The family life cycle divides the family experiences into two stages over the life span and describes changes in family structure and roles during each stage.
2 Development Tasks – Development tasks are the growth responsibilities that arise at certain stages in the life of the family. History:
The roots of family development theory date back to the 1930’s
Sociologists established family categories
The stages of development would come in the 1940’s and 1950’s
Took a more sophisticated developmental approach.
The underlying philosophy seems to be such that a stage of life is completed with the achievement of some type of recognized benchmark that allows movement on to the next stage. Cognitive theory:
Cognitive development is a field of study in neuroscience and psychology focusing on a child's development in terms of information processing, conceptual resources, perceptual skill, language learning, and other aspects of brain development and cognitive compared to an adult's point of view.
A major controversy in cognitive development has
been “nature vs nurture” Major Constructs Glossary:
Congnitive: Pertaining to the mental processes of perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning, as contrasted with emotional and volitional processes.
Interdependent: Two or more people or things dependent on each other
Socioligist: the science or study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society; the science of the fundamental laws of social relations, institutions, etc. John Piaget Erik Erickson Benjamin Whorf Although there is no general theory of cognitive development, the most historically influential theory was developed by Jean Piaget, a Swiss Psychologist (1896-1980)
• His theory provided many central concepts in the field of developmental psychology and concerned the growth of intelligence, which for Piaget, meant the ability to more accurately represent the world, and perform logical operations on representations of concepts grounded in the world.
• how one perceives the world in "developmental stages" –schemata
• constructivist- we construct our cognitive abilities through self-motivated action in the world
• believed that people move through stages of development that allow them to think in new, more complex ways. (April 24, 1897 – July 26, 1941)
• a person's thinking depends on the structure and content of their social group's language
• Whorf’s theory was so strict that he believed if a word is absent in a language, then the individual is unaware of the object’s existence People go through different stages of conflict at different ages
There are 8 stages of conflict Strenghts Weaknesses The ability to view the dynamic nature of the family over long periods of time
The ease of understanding the stages and development tasks and the challenges families have to face.
Change (the ability to adapt to New conditions) Lack of ability to account for different family forms and genders, ethnic and cultural differences
It isn't culturaly relevant or sensitive to other life style choices
Change (may put stress on the relationship) Family Life Cycle:
The emotional and intellectual stages you pass through from childhood to your retirement years as a member of a family are called the family life cycle
Smoothly or Rough Stages of The Life Cycle:
Coupling or Marriage
Parenting :babies through adolescence
Launching adult children
Retirement or senior years Independence Marriage
g Launching Years Retirement
Senior Years Young adulthood
Separate emotionally from family
Strive to support yourself
Development of your identity
Vital Skill: Intimacy
This stage includes:
Making sexual orientation known
Exploring interests and Career
You learn new aspects of independence throughout your lifetime
Important qualities includes : trust, morals, initiative, work ethic Explore your ability to commit to a new family and a new way of life.
New family system
Shaped by past experiences
Areas of adjustment:
Finances, Lifestyle, Recreational, Relationships, Friendships
Within a couple you learn...
The ultimate goal is to achieve INTERDEPENDENCE One the most challenging phases of the family life cycle.
Ability to maintain relationships, communicate and solve problems are key.
Each parent has 3 distinct roles: Individual, Partner and Parent
Along with joy comes great deal of stress
Mothers concerns of Birth and pregnancy
Fathers not spoken of
Child’s healthy development
Parenting teenagers can be the toughest of times
To be successful must have developed your individual identity to have a easier time going through This stage begins when the first child leaves home
Both positive and negatives
Key skill: developing adult relationships with children
Health issues that come with this stage are due to age, chances of getting them are amplified
May also be caring for aging parents Welcoming new family members or seeing some leave is big part of this stage
Becoming a grandparent
Can be a great adventure
Declining physical and mental abilities
Quality of life depends on earlier stages By: Nick Adjei, Jailon Bell, Jordon Bell, Mahad Bouraleh, Will Pappas