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Copy of Happiness Project- IB Psychology HL Y1

The Major Perspectives of Happiness- Biological, Cognitive and Socio-Cultural.

Julie Dierker

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Happiness Project- IB Psychology HL Y1

Happiness By: Julie Dierker & Mckinly Vazquez Happiness Happiness is the feeling of well being and contentment that tends to reside with those who feel serenity about the past, think about the future and experience the present with gratification in the present. Cognitive Level: which focuses on mental processes like memory, thinking, perception, and attention. Julian Rotter proposed the Level of Aspiration Theory according to which people examine what they can gain and how likely it is that they will achieve it before making decisions about what to do. Level of Aspiration Theory Hagerty (2003) Case Study Social Comparison is based on the idea that people learn about and assess themselves by comparison with others. This study researched the relationship between happiness and the distribution of wealth. Example: People are happy if they have more than those they normally compare themselves to. One may be very happy with a new car until a neighbor buys one just like it.. Biological Level: which focuses on physiology and genetics. Habituation
Psychologists have noted that people tend to adapt to their environment. We simply become used to the ways things are. Humans have inherited a capacity to habituate to life's circumstances. According to evolutionary psychologists, humans have also inherited the tendency to notice trouble, so that we take positive things for granted, but focus on the more troublesome aspects of life. Happiness Twin Study: compared happiness scores among sets of identical and fraternal twins who grew up together or were reared apart. Biological Case Study Cognitive Perspective Biological Perspective Example: In a ring toss game, McClelland found that people who tended to be most effective in their lives placed the pole right at the limit of their ability and then proceeded to throw. Less effective people tended to place it so far away that they seldom succeeded or so near that they always succeeded. Sociocultural Level: which focuses on how environment and culture affect behavior or thinking. Sociocultural Perspective He says that if people base their happiness on wealth, they will lose their happiness if they lose their money. If they base their happiness on connectedness to other people, they will still have something valuable if they lose their money. Having empathy- that is, being truly able to understand other people, trusting them and enjoying their company-are important steps towards true happiness. Dalai Lama's Interview in The Art of Happiness. (1998) If Happiness= Money, than the people in Quatar, one of the richest countries in the world, should be very happy, but their not. Bhutan, is very poor, but people are happy. One of the inhabitants defines happiness likes this: Knowing your limitations; knowing how much is enough.

Eric Weiner, who wrote the book Geography of Bliss, after his worldwide travel to many different countries including Bhutan and Quatar, states that their are many ways to happiness, and that each country defines what it understands as happiness, which could indicate that happiness is a cultural construction. Happiness is not Money The Limbic System, also known as the "emotional brain", is found within the cerebrum. The Limbic System is where the realization that your happy takes place, in the Limbic System, your brain/body determine that you are happy.

Being Happy...
* stimulates the growth of nerve connections
*improves cognition by increasing mental productivity.
*improves your ability to analyze and think Works Cited
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