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Anthony Spatafora

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of Homelessness

Culture - a shared set of beliefs, social forms, and material traitsCcdde3eee
What is Homelessness?
According to the dictionary,
homelessness is defined as anyone without a home, or a person who lacks permanent housing.
Four Categories:
1. Literally Homeless
2. Imminent Risk of Homelessness
within 14 days
3.Homeless under other Federal statutes
4.Fleeing/Attempting to flee Domestic Violence
by Anthony Spatafora, Jeslyn John, Kathy Kolacz, Tiffany Ortega, Nelly Jimenez, and Irene Morell
Single men - 67.5 % of Homeless population
Areas/History of Homelessness
Temporary Homelessness
Continued Homelessness
Homeless Culture
41.7% African Americans
37.9 % Whites
11.6% Hispanics
3.4% Asian
5.4% Multiracial
In Chicago...
78.1% African Americans
20. % Whites
1.1% Asians
10.2% Hispanic Ethnicity
Institutionalized Racism
Median Earnings: Weekly
Blacks $ 601
Whites $ 757
Hispanics $ 541
Asians $ 880
In Illinois :
At all levels of Education,
A woman earns 76.7 cents for a dollar a man earns (2009)
* Domestic Abuse in Women
* War Veterans in Men
Where can homeless people go for help?
Aspects of homeless culture
Future of Homeless
Strategic Priorities
Three Groups:
1. Episodic
3. Chronic
Chicago's Plan 2.0
Launched in Aug. 2012
7-year action plan
Pledged an initial $2.5 million to help achieve it's key priorities
The Crisis Response System
Access to Stable and Affordable Housing
Youth Homelessness
Advocacy and Civic Engagement
Cross-Systems Integration
Capacity Building
Anne, S. B., & Peter, R. H. (1992). Social science research and contemporary studies of homelessness. Annual Review of Sociology, (18), 129-160. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2083449
A Home for Everyone. (2012, August). Chicago's Plan 2.0, (1), 1-21. http://www.cityofchicago.org/content/dam/city/depts/fss/supp_info/Homeless/ChicagoPlan2WEB082712.pdf
Driscoll, C. (1993). Chicago's house of hope. Policy Review, (65), 50.
Homelessness 101. (2008). Retrieved May 29, 2013, from The Chicago Alliance website: http://www.thechicagoalliance.org/homelessness101.aspx
Homeless Definition. (2012, January). Retrieved May 27, 2013, from U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development website: https://www.onecpd.info/resources/documents/HomelessDefinition_RecordkeepingRequirementsandCriteria.pdf
Luhrmann, T. (2008). "The Street Will Drive You Crazy": Why Homeless Psychotic Women in the Institutional Circuit in the United States Often Say No to Offers of Help. American Journal Of Psychiatry, 165(1), 15-20. doi:10.1176/appi/ajp.2007.07071166Mojtabai, R. (2005). Perceived reasons for loss of housing and continued homelessness among homeless persons with mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 56(2). http://dx.doi.org/0.1176/appi.ps.56.2.172
Oliveira, J., & Burke, P. J. (2009). Lost in the Shuffle: Culture of homeless adolescents. Pediatric Nursing, 35(3), 154-161.
Sloss, C. (2011). The facts behind the faces. Chicago Coalition for Homeless, 1-4.
Sosin, M., George, C., & Grossman, S. (2012). Service content as a determinant of homeless adults’ perceptions of program efficiency. Journal Of Community Psychology, 40(2), 249 263. doi:10.1002/jcop.20510Wemys, A. (1999). In the Open: Diary of a Homeless Alcoholic. Donahue T. E. (1996), University of Chicago Press, Chicago: p. 204. £18.25 ISBN 0-226-15767-9 (hardback). Journal Of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 9(4), 318-319.
There many different resources for homeless people.
Food banks and soup kitchens
Free Healthcare clinics
Free Dental care clinics
Treatment centers

Any resident who needs shelter, or who knows of a person who is homeless and needs assistance can call 311 to be connected to DFSS Homeless and Emergency Services.

Social Services include:
Counseling and Case Management
Housing Job
Training / Placement
Substance Abuse Recovery
Medical Services

Primary Care Services
Health Prevention and Maintenance
Blood Test

The mobile clinics travel the city. They locate in parks, soup kitchens, shelters…anywhere homeless people gather.
"Skid Row"
Income Map
So where are the homeless?

Englewood Center
1140 W. 79th Street
Chicago, IL 60621

Garfield Center
10 S. Kedzie Ave.
Chicago, IL 60612

King Center
4314 S. Cottage Grove
Chicago, IL 60653

North Area
4740 N. Sheridan Road
Chicago, IL 60640

South Chicago
8650 S. Commercial Ave.
Chicago, IL 60617

Trina Davila
4357 W. Armitage Ave.
Chicago, IL 60639

Department of Family and Support Services (DFSS)
The Chicago Department of Family and Support Services (DFSS) is a key player in Chicago’s effort to end homelessness. DFSS services include prevention, outreach, shelter and housing programs and supportive services.

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Rental Assistance Program

One Month’s Rental Assistance

The Emergency Fund

The Shelter System
Emergency Response Shelter
Transitional/Interim Shelter
Permanent Supportive Housing

Getting House, Staying Housed
Lack of employment
Physical and Emotional Disabilities
Drug or Alcohol Abuse
Culture – people who have shared beliefs, social forms, and material traits

Homeless – as a social group creates a very unique culture, which unfortunately still required more research and study
- Theme of Self survival
- Focus on their day to day needs
- Detachment from community and social isolation
- “Present time” orientation
- “Invisibility”
- Relationships
- Methods of survival

One program
can't fix it all.

Domestic violence
Lost benefits
Overdue bills
The city’s two mobile clinics make services readily accessible to homeless people. They bring a full range of medical and social services directly to the individual.
Mobile Clinics
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