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The Endocrine System!

Learn about the Endocrine System!

George Stevenson

on 17 April 2013

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Transcript of The Endocrine System!

The Endocrine System! But in order to take a closer look... we're going to need some help so we can see the glands... But from who...? So... what is the Endocrine System? The Endocrine System is a system that helps the Nervous System to regulate and coordinate ALL of the body systems. So how does the Endocrine System help the Nervous System? It helps out by using it's hormones! Hormones are chemicals that carry information from one part of an organism to another. So why do the Endocrine System find hormones useful? Because they can send it through the bloodstream to various tissues in the body. While the Nervous System sends out messages over a network like telephone wires... The Endocrine System sends instructions like luggage on a conveyor belt. The organism takes the hormone and follows the instructions enclosed. However, hormones are never bouncing around, looking for it's owner. They always know where they're going. How? Because they are either controlled chemically, (by other hormones or chemicals) or electrically (by neurons sending messages). The tissues that respond to specific hormones are "target tissues." They respond to specific hormones because they have hormone receptor molecules, which will fit with the hormone molecules and affect cell function. If you think about it, it's kind of like a puzzle! Now let's take a look at the things that make the hormones... THE GLANDS! Of course! Who else is better for helping us than... Superman! Thanks to Superman, we can show where the glands are placed, and how they work! Let's begin! Pituitary Gland Thyroid Gland Adrenal Glands Testes Pancreas The Glands are organs that secrete hormones and other chemicals. Parathyroid Glands This gland secretes 9 hormones, 8 of the hormones go individually to 8 different body tissues, while 1 type goes to the rest. Kidney Hormone decreases the amount of water in urine. Uterus Increases contractions during childbirth. Melanocytes Darkens the skin Fat tissues Breaks down fat. Brain Relieves sensation of pain. Mammary glands Triggers milk production Most body tissues Increases growth (thanks to the growth hormone). Other Endocrine Glands Regulates the levels of hormones produced. Here's something that will help you remember this... A gland that produces a hormone to regulate body metabolism rates. It has 2 lobes of tissue that is wrapped around the trachea (or the windpipe). The hormone made by the thyroid gland speeds up the metabolism in most body cells, which makes it essential for proper growth and maturity. Glands that produce a hormone to regulate calcium levels in the blood. The hormone from these 4 glands targets the bone, kidneys, and small intestine. Glands that produce the Adrenaline hormone. One gland sits on top of each kidney. The gland releases the hormone in response to emotional excitement, stress, exercise, and injury. Adrenaline helps people do things they otherwise wouldn't be able to do, like run faster or ignore pain. While the effects of adrenaline can make some dramatic moments... ...it doesn't last very long.
Get as much out of it as you can. A gland that produces insulin, which regulates the transport of sugar molecules into body cells. Insulin targets skeletal muscle, the liver, and fat tissue, which increases the movement of glucose and amino acids into the cells. Glands in the male body that produce the hormone testosterone. Testosterone affects muscle mass development, hair growth, voice changes, and the development of sperm production and male productive organs. Sperm cells are also produced in the testes. Women have ovaries, which are glands in the female body that produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Eggs also develop in the ovaries. The hormones produced by the ovaries affect the development and function of female reproductive organs, and breast development. Yeah, the Endocrine System, it's one of the greatest, all the way down to the pancreas. Yeah, the Endocrine system, it's one of the greatest, all the way down to the pancreas, It's got hormones to transfer info intended for our organs. What, didn't you know? It's got backup, and his name is Nervous. Endocrine calls the shots while Nervous sends the messages. The Organs follow all of his commands. The Target Tissue follows certain orders, man! It's kinda like a puzzle, just gotta put it together. It's harder than you think to keep things in order. But Endocrine has these things, and they're called glands. I guess you could call them 2nd-in-command. Because they're the ones who release all the hormones. They also release some other chemicals. In the next verse, I'll tell you what else they do, but for now, here's the chorus, dude! Endocrine System! That's where the hormones are made up, there's tons they can do! These hormones will make you feel brand new, while Adrenal inspires you! First we got Pituitary, it secretes 9 hormones, all for different organs. Ain't that cool, bro? Then we got Thyroid, it's wrapped around the windpipe. Speeds up your metabolism, so your stomach will feel right. Parathyroid regulates calcium. Bones, kidneys, small intestines is what it targets, bro. Adrenal gives you a rush, which helps out in runs, and World of Warcraft, LEEROY JENKINS! The Pancreas, man, it produces insulin, transport sugar into body cells, son! Targets skeletal muscle, liver and fat tissue. It helps out glucose and amino acids to move. Then there's the testes, which have testosterone, and don't forget the ovaries, which has progesterone. Testes make sperm, while ovaries make eggs. And those are all the glands I mentioned in this Prezi, man!
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