Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

E

No description
by

Dácil Oliva Pérez

on 4 June 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of E

Culture: They Legacy in Hispania


Con todo lo que hemos indagado sobre Roma y la vida en Roma, sabemos ya que mucho nos han dejado en herencia. Pero … y en Hispania.. qué queda del imperio romano













Pues bien, ahora toca a través de imágenes conocer algunas de las edificaciones y obras públicas más relevantes del Imperio romano en Hispania.
Vamos a reapartir una tabla que contiene imágenes de bienes del patrimonio romano en Hispania (puentes, calzadas..); y los nombres de éstas y las características; y funciones aparecerán de manera desordenada en una columna paralela.. Tras leerla de manera individual realizaremos una atividad de matching y para deducir cual es la descripción que corresponde a cada imagen deben entablar una conversación en parejas para practicar el speaking.

Disponen de 10 mínutos para realizar esta actividad. Con la tabla deben ir uniendo cada elemento del Legado con su descripción y señalando en qué provincia de la Hispania Romana en tiempo de Augusto se ubican estas joyas del patrimonio.


¡Por Tutatis! ¿Qué sabemos de estos romanos?
Para comenzar vamos a rescatar, entre todos/as, lo que ya sabemos acerca de los romanos de la Antigüedad.
Politic: Who ruled Ancient Rome?
Vamos a imaginarnos que dentro de unos días vendrá al centro un comité de selección de personal de un parque temático que se va a abrir en Sevilla: Baetica Park. Se trata de un parque dedicado al mundo de la Roma Antigua, y en concreto al legado de la Hispania Romana, que encontramos en Sevilla o Hispalis, antigua capital de la provincia romana de Bética. En Baetica Park hay, por un lado, yacimientos con ruinas romanas y, por otro, una zona dedicada a las atracciones (montaña rusa, etc).

Pues bien, el comité de Baetica Park pretende seleccionar a un grupo de la clase para trabajar en verano como monitores-guías en el parque temático. La entrevista de trabajo consistirá en una prueba en la que cada grupo tendrá que explicar a un hipotético grupo de visitantes los rasgos generales de la sociedad de la Roma Antigua, así como las manifestaciones culturales que el legado romano ha dejado en nuestro país, y claro los turistas puede que sólo hablen inglés.

Así que vamos a formar los grupos que se presentarán a la entrevista. Grupos que cooperarán para preparar y hacer la entrevista de trabajo, pues del éxito del grupo depende el de cada uno de sus miembros, ya que se les contratará en bloque.


What have Romans done for us?
Economy and society: how did Romans live?
Brainstorming:

Para ello primero copiaremos en nuestros cuadernos el diagrama que aparecerá a continuación.

Luego preguntaremos al compañero/a de al lado lo que sabe del mundo de los romanos a través de las pelis, comics…

El compañero/a que pregunta anotará las respuestas utilizando dos o tres palabras, y relacionándola con alguno de los apartados del diagrama (clasificándolas).

Cuando termine cambiamos los roles.

A continuación cada pareja seleccionará las dos aportaciones que considere más representativas del mundo de los romanos, anotando cada una en un post-it.

Por último, pegaremos los post it en el diagrama de la pizarra.
¿Cómo vamos a prepararnos para esa entrevista?
.. pues bien.. poco a poco, en varias fases:

1º)
Investigando sobre la Roma Antigua e Hispania
.
A)* caracterizando la sociedad, las costumbres, la economía, las artes..
* para lo que realizaremos las actividades:
1.
Política
: ¿quién mandaba en Roma? Who ruled in Ancient Rome?
2.
Sociedad:
¿eran todos los romanos iguales? ¿cómo se relacionaban? What was society like in Ancient Rome?
3.
Economía:
¿de qué vivían los romanos?
4.
Cultura:
¿qué conocimientos tenían y utilizaban?
4.1.
Arquitectura y Obras Públicas
: ¿cómo eran sus ciudades?
4.2 Creencias
: ¿en qué creían los Romanos? What were Roman religious beliefs?
B) *conociendo qué nos ha dejado Roma.
* para lo que realizaremos las actividades:
6.
Legado:
what have Romans done for us?
7.
La Hispania Romana
2º)
Preparando de la entrevista
con lo que averigüemos.
A) * realizando una
presentación grupal
para defender la entrevista laboral
B) * para ello contarán con la siguiente
rúbrica,
que les servirá de guía a la hora de preparar y defender dicha presentación y exposición

Una vez que hayamos terminado, en la última sesión de clase cada grupo hará la entrevista. Todos los demás actuaremos como tribunal calificador y seleccionador, y veremos al fin qué grupo resulta contratado este verano.


tu entrevista de trabajo para formar parte de Baética Park
Rúbrica
El mundo de los romanos comenzó hace casi tres mil años en una ciudad a orillas del río Tiber, en lo que hoy es la ciudad de Roma, capital de Italia, y duró más de mil años. Sin embargo, desde la ciudad de Roma el pueblo romano se extendió por el Mediterráneo, creando un gran imperio que terminó (desapareció) en el año 476 dC.

Cuenta la leyenda que Roma fue fundada por unos hermanos gemelos que fueron amamantados por una loba.

Society: Were them equal or not? Why? Which social groups existed?

Para curiosear en todos estos detalles de la moderna vida romana te proponemos que le eches un ojo a “El Periódico de Roma” y a la revista “TIMES”. Para ello deberás usar un lector de códigos Qr con el que descargar estas interesantes lecturas con curiosidades sobre la vida romana.

Tras ojearlas y sorprenderte con la vida en Roma realizaremos varias cuestiones:
-1º Lee e texto que se propone y rellena los huecos con las palabras correctas.
-2º Completa el Cuadro que se propone en el que se resumen muchos de los aspectos de la economía, comercio, alimentación, vestir, ocio, educación…

Rómulo y Remo amamantados por una loba
As we have seen in the previous activity Roman society was very uneven, so we might think that each person would have a way of life based on their social status.
But.. how did they live? how organized home? Did they work? Did they have stores? Currency? Did they went out to eat?
Let us first find out what were the main products that traded. Analize the map with the main trade routes during the Roman Empire, and complete the proposed activities individually in your notebook.
Qué hacían en su tiempo libre, qué comían, cómo era su música
Culture: Cities, houses and way of living
La expansión del Imperio Romano conllevó la fundación de numerosas ciudades. En ellas la vida estaba muy bien organizada, contaban con numerosos servicios y edificios que hacían la vida cómoda…para algunos.

Baética Park
Then, to continue improving our knowledges of Rome, let´s read a roman myth in a plenary session. After that, at home, individually, read it again and answer the questions bellow in your notebook. Remember it could be interesting to have a dictionary near from you.
After watching and Listening this video from the film "The Life of Brian" try to complete the sentences about the roman legacy filling the gaps.
BACHUS and ARIADNE

Some gods could turn into other things. This was called shape shifting. Bacchus had the power of shape shifting. He could be a fierce lion one minute, and a handsome young man the next.

One day, when he was in the shape of a rich man, wearing lots of jewels, he was spotted by some pirates. They kidnapped him. They planned to hold him for ransom. They were very rough with him and tied him to the mast of their ship. They sailed away, all pleased with themselves.

Bacchus waited until the ship had reached deep water. When he was sure he was far enough for shore that it would be very difficult for the men to swim safely back to land, Bacchus caused thick vines to rear up from the ocean floor. The vines tangled and strangled the men. Bacchus shape shifted into a lion. He roared and clawed. The terrified pirates, those who were not caught up in vines or ripped to shreds, jumped overboard to escape.

The vines fell away. Bacchus shape shifted into a handsome young man. With no one at the wheel, the ship magically sailed towards the distance island of Naxos. When Bacchus arrived at the island, the first thing he spotted was the lovely Ariadne, fast asleep on the sea wall. Bacchus fell in love. He waited patiently until Ariadne awoke, and then asked her to marry him.

Ariadne was a bit startled, but she took a long look at the beautiful young man in front of her. He was obviously wealthy, just look at his jewels! He had such a nice smile. He was undeniably handsome. Besides all that, Ariadne was very tired of the island of Naxos. She consented to be his wife.

Believe it or not, Ariadne and Bacchus lived happily ever after!

Answer in your notebook after reading
:
* What was shape shifting?
* What wanted the pirates from him?
* How did he escape? what did he do in order to get free?
* How did Baco and Ariadne meet ? What do you think of the reasons that led Ariadne accept the marriage? What would you do instead?
Initially the Romans were polytheistics. They believed in many gods and fantastic creatures, an adopted many of the myths that greeks used to explain the mysteries of the world.
Romans were very tolerant. When they conquered new territories they allowed the inhabitants to keep their religion and even worshiped their gods. For example they adopted all the Greek gods, but changed their names.
How did roman beliefs change?


A New religion: Christianity
In the 1st century AD, the followers of Jesus of Nazaret founded a new religion called Christianity. The main ideas were:
• There is only one God and everybody is equal before God.
• People must love and forgive each other.
• People who follow these ideas will be granted eternal life.

Jewish leader were worried about these new ideas and took Jesus to Pontius Pilate (the roman governor of Palestine in that moment), who sentenced him to die on a cross.
Afther Jesus died. The apostles such as Paul of Tarsus, continued to spread his message across Asia Minor. However Christians were persecuted by the Romans because they refused to worship the emperor and they allowed both rich and poor people in their churches. Despite these persecutions, the number of Christians grew.

Christianity, an official religion
Beginning in the 313AD, Emperor Constantine allowed Christians to practise their religion freely and Christianity spread quickly.
In 380 AD. Emperor Theodosius declared Christianity the only religion of the Roman Empire. All other religions were prohibited, and their followers were persecuted.
Moreover, the Church was created. The Pope, who was the Bishop of Rome, was the main authority.
Activity
Write short sentences.
Describe the role which the following people played in the growth of Christianity.
a. Jesus of Nazaret
b. Pontius Pilate
c. Emperor Theodosius
d. Emperor Constantine
e. Paul of Tarsus
f. the Bishop of Rome
When studying Ancient Rome, it is only natural to wonder what the price of everyday items might have been. In order to fully understand the price of an item, you must also consider the wages workers received by their work, so the amount of money they could have for buying things was very different.
Professions were valued differently in ancient times than they are today
. Likewise, the value of items was different then than now. For instance, in today's world, one might spend 20% of their total income on food, but in ancient times the cost may have been 50% or more of one's total income. In fact, during parts of the history of Rome, food costs were so high that without free wheat subsidies from the government, the common people would not have been able to survive!
Grain formed the foundation
of the common Roman's
diet
. It was not uncommon for grain to be the only thing a poor Roman ever ate. The cost of baking bread was very high to a poor Roman, so if no access to a communal, public oven could be had, the grain would be crushed and made into a porridge known as ‘puls' that was likely similar in taste and texture to modern polenta. While we take it for granted today, meat was an extravagant luxury that most Romans could not afford to indulge in.
Clothing
was another expensive proposition. One ‘libra' (Roman pound, just under of a modern pound, 326 grams), of fine silk cost more than a dozen human beings. It seems absurd to us today, but such was the case, because ancient Romans lacked the production machines of today that make cheap fabric possible. For the commoners, fashion was not a consideration. Clothing was utilitarian, had to be durable, and was patched until finally the garment became the thing from which patches were taken for its replacement.
Nowadays, the cost of living has expanded to consume all of the income that is available to the majority of the people in the society. As technology has enabled faster production, technology has also introduced new things to consume the income the increased productivity creates. The ancient Romans did not have many things to pay for in comparison to life today, yet it was every bit as much a struggle for them to survive as it is today, and probably, it was even more of a struggle.

Theater
Amphitheater
aqueduct
farmers and peasants
triumphal arch
defensive walls
Circus
forum
¿A qué clase social crees que podían pertenecer las personas que fueron a la cena
¿Por qué¿
¿qué te parece el menú (rico, pobre, variado, escaso, abundante, sano, desequilibrado)...razona tu respuesta.
¿crees que todo el mundo hacía uso de los baños públicos en la Antigua Roma.. If you think not... continue reading..
Public baths fulfilled many of the needs and desires of Roman citizens in classical times and were the center of Roman social life. These extravagant structures were places where one could relax, enjoy art, discuss politics, and converse with others about the issues of the day. These great "palaces of entertainment served all tastes and admitted almost anyone,"
both rich and poor
.

One obvious result was a rise in the importance of cleanliness of Roman society as a whole. Citizens from across the empire could now practice good hygiene on a regular basis. This privilege of leisurely bathing and pampering oneself was available to not only the wealthy and upper class, but to the poor as well.

Romans got up very early. Alter washing and having breakfast, they finished at midday, and alter lunch they had
leisure time
.
They went to
thermae
, or baths. The thermae had to areas: the Palestra (an outdoor gymnasium, and the public baths.
Moreover the baths were places where the Romans could meet their friends and listen to speakers, among other activities.
Romans also went to shows at the
theater
and
amphitheater.

¿What was the center of social life in classical Roman times

¿What do they do there

The privilege of practising good higiene was available to….

Hispalis was the administrative and economic center of one of the four conventus iuridici into which the province of Baetica was partitioned.
EXAM
El CRISMÓN era un símbolo que emplearon los primeros cristianos. Inicialmente estaba formado por una X atravesada por una I, que correspondía a las iniciales de Iesus Cristos. Posteriormente, la I fue sustituida por la letra griega ρ (equivalente a la latina “r”) con lo que el Crismón pasó
a hacer referencia a las dos primeras letras de la palabra Xristos.

Answer the following questions:
1. Who was the Roman god of the sea? and the Greek one?
2. Who was the Roman goddess of love and beauty? and the Greek one?
3. So.. were the Roman monotheistic or polytheistic? Why do you think so?

Christian symbols: Crismon

El CRISMÓN era un símbolo que emplearon los primeros cristianos. Inicialmente estaba formado por una X atravesada por una I, que correspondía a las iniciales de Iesus Cristos. Posteriormente, la I fue sustituida por la letra griega ρ (equivalente a la latina “r”) con lo que el Crismón pasó
a hacer referencia a las dos primeras letras de la palabra Xristos.

Christian symbols: Crismon



En aquella época vivía un sabio llamado Jesús. Su conducta era buena y era reconocido por su virtud. Fueron numerosos los que, entre judíos y otras naciones, se convirtieron en sus discípulos. Pilatos le condenó a ser crucificado. Mas sus discípulos continuaron con su enseñanza. Contaron
que se apareció tres días después de su crucifixión y que estaba vivo.
Por consiguiente, era quizá el Mesías del que los profetas han contado tantas maravillas.

FLAVIO JOSÉ, Antigüedades judaicas, XVIII. Siglo I.

JesusChrist seen by a Jewish

Christian catacombs

Greek & Roman Gods links

Christian Basilica:
Saint Apollinare in Classe, Ravvena, Italy

Christianity expansion

Religious sacrifice

The Romans added a
podium and steps to the Greek design.

Corinthian columns:
6 at the entrance
11 on the sides

Pediments have
no decoration.

A Roman Temple

EXAM
EXAM
Culture: What were Roman Beliefs¿
EXAM
EXAM
Complementary materials
Full transcript