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What Role Did Trench Warfare Have in WWI
Transcript of What Role Did Trench Warfare Have in WWI
Trench warfare was a very important feature of this war because it is where most of the fighting and battles happened and its where most of the men basically lived, lived, ate, slept and eventually died either in the trench or going over the top.
Therefore Trench warfare played an enormous role in WW1. It defined the entire war and in and between the trenches was where the most casualties of the war occurred. It single handedly changed the way the war was fought and change the overall predicted outcome of the war. For example, instead of the war being finished by the first Christmas each side lasted much longer than expected after construction of the trenches due to the increased protection and more strategic attacks. The trench was where the most battles were won and lost thus having a major effect on the battles and techniques of battling.
What Role Did Trench Warfare Play in WWI?
"Over the top" is the command given for troops to go over the top of their trench to go to the enemies’ trench to take control of it and to come back to their own trench, thus gaining ground for your side. This order was dangerous but was the only way to gain ground in the stagnancy of the war.
This is how soldiers lived in the trenches, by digging little holes, barely big enough to squeeze in, in the sides of the trenches and that would be their makeshift home until they were taken out of action.
Trench warfare became the most dominant feature of the war because neither side of the Triple entente or central powers could push one or the other back nor afford to be pushed back due to the possible dangers and risks. Each side, being bombarded by the other, had to 'dig in' or "entrench" themselves to provide cover from machine gun, sniper and artillery fire.
This is a trench barber, since men lived in the trenches they also needed to keep regularly groomed so certain people would be assigned to fill the role of being the 'trench barber'.
This is a sentry on duty, a sentry watched over the trenches while the other troops were getting some rest. This duty was a very important one as it prevented any sneak attacks and if caught sleeping on sentry duty you were taken for some form of punishment, different for each country fighting.
Once the trenches were set, the war had already turned to a stagnant war because of the evenly balanced forces neither side moved enough to make a huge effect on enemy lines.
This was a machine gun or trench gun team. The machine gun was used heavily to defend trenches and to attack other trenches but was also used to cut down any enemy patrols in no man’s land.
No man’s land is the land between trenches that was used to get from your trench to the enemy’s although it was always full of artillery craters, barbed wire and the bodies of dead soldiers.
This is the better-known no man’s land of Flanders’s fields where many Canadian men as well as others had died.
Tanks were the only thing that could break the use of the trenches in war. These were heavy, armored vehicles that could simply drive over the enemy trench basically rendering trench warfare useless and a waist of time.