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Sexual Health Education Curriculum Pres
Transcript of Sexual Health Education Curriculum Pres
Why are we
here today? The research WHAT did we do?
we evaluated your school abstinence sexual health programme
WHEN were we here?
HOW did we conduct the research?
we asked about: Sex last year, multiple partners, condom use Why are we interested
in researching sexual behaviour
in schools ?
STIs & HIV TEEN PREGNANCY QUIZ! If you stick with one partner you won't
become infected with HIV.
If you only have sex with people who look healthy, you won't become infected with HIV. The results ! What happens next? We will Present findings to:
Minister of Education
Research community Limitations of our study Question 1! True ??? False ??? Question 2! True ??? False ??? ... False ... False Thank you! = did not have sex in the last year = had sex in the last year Before the New Programme What will WE do? What will YOU do? What conclusions did we make? It does not matter how healthy or unhealthy you are, if you engage in risky activities you have a chance of being infected. Even if you have one partner, you cannot guarantee that you will not get HIV, or other sexually transmitted infections.
You still need to wear a condom.
The number of students with multiple partners in those who are having sex is increasing BUT...
Each year after your school abstinence programme started, more of you are reporting abstaining from sex Evidence ! Question 3! a) men who have sex with men
b) drug users
c) sex workers
d) heterosexual sex in a relationship 50% of all new infections in Kenya in 2008 were: Age and Gender But WHY ... ??? We want you to stay healthy! = Multiple partners & no condom = Multiple partners & condom Risky behaviour Was the new education programme effective ? What percentage of students had sex in the last year, over the course of the study 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 % of students Start of programme What is risky sexual behaviour? Start of programme 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Percentage of students with multiple partners who consistently used condoms Start of programme Start of programme Did you have sex
in the last year ? YES NO Did you have
partners ? Did you use
a condom ? NO YES YES NO 2) having sex with a single partner & not using a condom Condoms Increase in multiple partners among those having sex How the data was collected Gelmon L, Kenya P, Oguya F, Cheluget B, Haile G. (2009) Kenya HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis. Nairobi: Kenya National AIDS Control Council. Available at: http://www.nacc.or.ke/images/stories/Documents/KenyaMOT22March09Final.pdf [Accessed 11/02/2013].
Ochako R, Ulwodi D, Njagi P, Kimetu S, Onyango A. (2011) Trends and determinants of comprehensive HIV and AIDS knowledge among urban young women in Kenya. AIDS Research and Therapy. Vol. 8(11): 1-8.
United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV and AIDS (2010). Country report – Kenya. Available at: http://www.unaids.org/en/dataanalysis/knowyourresponse/countryprogressreports/2010countries/kenya_2010_country_progress_report_en.pdf. [Accessed 14/02/2013]
WHO (nd) Sexual and Reproductive Health Country Profiles: Kenya. Available at: http://www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-a-programmes/frh/sexual-and-reproductive-health/srh-country-profiles.html . [Accessed 13/02/2013]
WHO (2008a) Epidemiological Country Profile on HIV and AIDS: Kenya. Available at :http://www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-a-programmes/dpc/acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome/aids-country-profiles.html . [Accessed 13/02/2013].
WHO (2008b) Epidemiological Fact Sheets – HIV & AIDS: Kenya. Available at : http://apps.who.int/globalatlas/predefinedReports/EFS2008/full/EFS2008_KE.pdf. [Accessed 13/02/2013].
Demographic and Health Survey (2004). Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2004. Available at : http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR151/FR151.pdf. [Accessed 13/02/2013]. Bibliography 1) having sex with multiple partners & not using a condom What did we
ask you ? = did not have sex in the last year = had sex in the last year After the New Programme Multiple partners within last 12 months in Kenya (DHS 2003) Condom use in those who had had multiple partners in last 12 months Important for designing future programmes. Nairobi 4.5% of all pregnancies in Kenya Nairobi has the 2nd highest number
of people with HIV in Kenya can affect males and females
from all backgrounds -- rich or poor! drop out of school Did the new curriculum change
sexual health behaviour ? 1) Students having sex = decreased 2) Students having sex with multiple partners = increased 3) Students with multiple partners using condoms 76% 60% 1) Students having sex 2) Students having sex with multiple partners 3) Students using condoms when having sex with multiple partners Which of these activities would put you at risk of contracting HIV? These are your results ! ! % of students Year Year Year % of students ?