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ISIS as a Global Issue
Transcript of ISIS as a Global Issue
When ISIS proclaimed their capture of the city, they started setting rules and guidelines for civilians and obliging people to wear specific dress [veils] and warned for a severe punishment for women who don’t follow these rules. (Razek, Raja, and Nick Paton Walsh.)
Ethnic and religious minorities are predictably some of the worst hit by these abuses. ISIS compels people in the areas it controls, under the penalty of death, torture or mutilation, to declare Islamic creed, and live according to its interpretation of Sunni Islam and sharia law. It directs violence against Shia Muslims, indigenous Assyrian, Chaldean, Syriac and Armenian Christians, Yazidis, Druze and Kurdish in particular. ("ISIS Fast Facts." CNN.)
Treatment of civilians is another human rights abuses that ISIS has been committed. The ISIS militants murdered Iraqi Army soldiers and 17 civilians in a single street in Mosul at the beginning of their invasion. In Syria a village was raided by ISIS and at least 15 civilians were killed, 6 of them were children. More than 140 Kurdish school boys were kidnapped in Syria and forced to learn the Radical Islamic Theology. Young boys were recruited, and if their families denied them then they were threatened to death.
ISIS were committing a lot of human right abuses including sexual violence when they raped, tortured and kidnapped women. They forced women to be married to the fighters and then pass them to other fighters as soon as they’re done with them. a result Yezidi girls who got raped committed suicide.
What do we know about ISIS?
Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
When it comes to human rights, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria has committed a “staggering array” of human rights abuses and “acts of violence of an increasingly sectarian nature” in Iraq, the United Nation reported. These harrowing list of offenses include; religious persecution, treatment of civilians, sexual violence allegations, and guidelines for civilians.
Adding that ISIS’s sole vision is the slaughter of anyone who stands in its way, president Obama made clear that “these terrorists are unique in their brutality”. "In a region that has known so much bloodshed, these terrorists are unique in their brutality. They execute captured prisoners. They kill children. They enslave, rape, and force women into marriage. They threatened a religious minority with genocide. In acts of barbarism, they took the lives of two American journalists - Jim Foley and Steven Sotloff." (Hudson, David)
ISIS emerged a decade ago as a small Iraqi affiliate of Al Qaeda, one that specialized in suicide bombings and inciting Iraq’s Sunni Muslim minority against the country’s Shiite majority. On Feb 3, 2014, Al Qaeda formally severed its relationship with ISIS, a fellow terrorist organization. Al Qaeda felt that ISIS‘s targeting of civilians alienated the local population, and that the group didn’t share Al Qaeda’s mission to unite Muslims.
Technically, the two groups, or most of Islamic groups have voiced a similar goal; the establishment of an Islamic caliphate, governed by sharia. However, there are some differences with ISIS. ISIS is a larger, more violent, better funded and better-organized organization.
ISIS in its history has been known by many different names recently started calling itself the Islamic State. It consists of Sunni militants that were first formed to support religious ideals then transformed to a death cult. Perhaps the single most important factor in ISIS' recent resurgence is the conflict between Iraqi Shias and Iraqi Sunnis. ISIS fighters themselves are Sunnis, and the tension between the two groups is a powerful recruiting tool for ISIS. The difference between the two largest Muslim groups originated with a controversy over who got to take power after the Prophet Muhammad’s death. But Iraq's sectarian problems aren't about litigating 7th-century disputes; they're about modern political power and grievances.
The group was formed by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi from the country Jordan in the year of 1989. He traveled to Afghanistan in the late 80s to help fight the Soviet Union (a former country which included the modern-day Russian Federation) as a Mujahedeen, which is a guerrilla fighters in Islamic countries, especially those who are fighting against non-Muslim forces. Since there wasn’t much he could do in Afghanistan being the fight was over he returned to Jordan. A couple years later he traveled back to Afghanistan to help set up training camps for Terrorists. In 1999 He met Osama bin Laden (a terrorist extremist who planned the attacks on the World Trade Center and is intent on driving Western influence from the Muslim world). When Landen met him he liked him grew fond of him. Laden asked him if he would like to join Al-Qaeda. He Respectfully Declined. He was looking to organize his own terror organization (Crooke, Alastair.)
By 2011, when the U.S. troop withdrawal was complete, ISIS was being run by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, and had morphed from a largely foreign to a largely Iraqi operation. Baghdadi himself, as his name suggests, is local. The absence of foreigners made it easier for the Sons of Iraq and their kin to ignore previous resentments against the group. (Crooke, Alastair.)
Today ISIS controls or can operate with impunity in a great stretch of territory in western Iraq and eastern Syria, making it militarily the most successful jihad movement ever. While its exact size is unclear, the group is thought to include thousands of fighters. Although ISIS calls itself the “Islamic State,” President Obama emphasized that the terrorist group is neither Islamic nor a state. “ISIS is not Islamic. No religion condones the killing of innocents, and the vast majority of ISIS’s victims have been Muslim,” President Obama said. “And ISIS is certainly not a state. ... It is recognized by no government, nor the people it subjugates.” “ISIS is a terrorist organization, pure and simple.” (Hudson, David)
Unlike some other Islamist groups fighting in Syria, ISIS doesn't depend on foreign aid to survive. In Syria, they've built up something like a mini-state: collecting the equivalent of taxes, selling electricity, and exporting oil to fund its militant activities. Iraq is home to the fifth-largest oil deposits in the world, and currently produces about 4 percent of global oil supply. So far, the ISIS conflict has yet to disrupt the big oil-producing areas in northeast and southeast Iraq. But nonetheless, oil markets are a little concerned. (Beauchamp, Zack.p.6)
ISIS is making itself more visible in the west by releasing an online magazine called "Dabiq" for its Western followers. It is sophisticated, slick, beautifully produced and printed in several languages including English. 'Dabiq' as it is called, bills itself as a periodical magazine focusing on the issues of unity, truth-seeking, migration, holy war and community. It will also contain photo reports, current events, and informative articles on matters relating to the Islamic State. In this magazine, ISIS justifies stoning women for adultery and mass executions of their enemies, while touting their compassion and generosity with orphans and impoverished. Here we talk about the first three issues. (McLaugh, Jelinnna)
The first issue of Dabiq, "The Return of Khilafah" is focused on the declaration of the Caliphate and what that means. Some of the ideology behind the group is explained in an attempt to persuade more Muslims to join. It also explains the name of the magazine, and boasts of ISIS' victories.
The second issue of Dabiq,"The Flood" with the threat on the cover, uses the metaphor of the story of Noah to put across a stark message. You are either with the Islamic State, or against them and doomed to be destroyed. ISIS took control of Iraq's largest dam called Mosul dam. The dam provides a considerable portion of Iraq's electricity, but on the other hand it is the most dangerous dam in the world, if a small problem occures , failure is likely.
The third issue of Dabiq, "The Call to Hijrah", focuses on the importance of moving to Iraq and Syria to join the Caliphate as soon as possible. Hijrah is an Arabic name for 'migration' and refers to the journey of the founder of Islam Mohammed and his companions from Mecca to Medinah. (McLaugh, Jelinnna)
Finally for all these reasons and many more, ISIS poses a significantly bigger threat than any other Islamic groups ever did. In the space of just a few weeks, ISIS has accomplished more than Al Qaeda did in the thirteen years since the September 11 attack.
"ISIS Fast Facts." CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 14 Oct. 2014.
Razek, Raja, and Nick Paton Walsh. "CNN Exclusive: A 13-year-old Witness to ISIS' Beheadings, Crucifixion in Syria." CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 14 Oct. 2014.
Crooke, Alastair. "You Can't Understand ISIS If You Don't Know the History of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 27 Aug. 2014. Web. 12 Oct. 2014.
Beauchamp, Zack. "ISIS Used to Be Al-Qaeda in Iraq." Vox. N.p., 9 Oct. 2014. Web. 14 Oct. 2014.
Hudson, David. "President Obama: "We Will Degrade and Ultimately Destroy ISIL"" The White House. The White House, 10 Sept. 2014. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.
McLaugh, Jelinnna. "ISIS Magazine Promotes Slavery, Rape, and Murder of Civilians in God's Name." Mother Jones. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2014.
ISIS as a Global Issue