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The Chaparral Biome
Transcript of The Chaparral Biome
Where is the Chaparral Biome?
It is located in the following places such as...
The West coast of the United States
The West coast of South America
The Cape Town area of South Africa
The Western States, The West tip of Australian
Coastal areas of the Mediterranean.
Coyote brush is a common chaparral plant in California and Oregon.
Can also be found at hillsides and canyons below 2,500 feet.
Shaped by salt spray and winds, it hugs low to the ground and forms a ground cover on dunes, ridges and plains.
It grows into tall, erect to mounded shrubs.
The leaves are fire-retardant
The Fairy Duster has pink-orange puff balls that can be up to 2 inches in diameter.
The seeds of the Fairy Duster look like dry pea pods. Eaten by many different chaparral and desert animals,
The Fairy Duster is found in the sandy washes, slopes and mesas of the Sonoran Desert and the chaparral areas near San Diego County in California, USA.
Images of the Fairy Duster
The Blue Oak
Located in the State of California & the Western Coast of North America.
Natural habitat: it grows in the valleys and lower slopes of the Coast Ranges, the lower western foothills of the Sierra Nevada, and the north slope of the San Gabriel Mountains.
Survive temperatures above 100° F for several weeks at a time.
The blue oak is a short tree with an open canopy.
The canopy is typically rounded with many crooked branches.
The tree grows to average heights of 30 feet. In deep, moist soil it can grow up to 60 feet.
It is known to be called the blue Oak for it's blue tinted leaves.
Image of The Blue Oak
Lives in open woods, shrubs, gardens, and parks.
Wings can beat from 22 to 72 times per second.
Hummingbirds can consume half of their body weight in food per day.
Pollinates many species of flowers, such as the chaparral flora
Only species of hummingbird in the U.S.A to not migrate in seasonal changes.
Food sources: nectar from flowers, sap from trees, sugar-water mixes from feeders, and very small insects and spiders.
It's only limiting factor is it's predators: western scrub-jays, American kestrels, greater roadrunners ,and curved-billed thrashers
Image of Anna's Hummingbird
Plays both Predator and Prey in the Chaparral Biome.
Food: Large insects, scorpions, tarantulas, centipedes, lizards, snakes, and mice.
Shelter: Arid desert with a mix of scattered brush for cover and open grassy areas for aging.
Limiting Factors: It's predators overall which include hawks, domestic cats, skunks, coyotes, and raccoons. Humans are also one of the threats to the road runner.
Chaparral:12-14 inches per year (36-42 centimeters)
Centerville Ohio: 41.05 inches per year (104.267 centimeters per year)
35-40 degrees North, 118-123 degrees West (longitude.)
Average temp: 59 degrees
Low temp: 37 degrees
Winter average temp: 46 degrees
Spring average temp: 56 degrees
Summer average temp: 71.7 degrees
Fall average temp: 64.75 degrees
Threats to Biome #1
The old-growth chaparral is being clear-cut by a mechanical machines
damages the environment and does not produce the fire risk reduction desired.
The flammable weeds that colonize the area will actually increase the level of risk.
Mechanical destruction is not near a home which is where vegetation management is the most effective use for protecting structures.
Threats to #2
Biome threat image
Chaparrals global importance
It's one of the Five Mediterranean shrub-lands left.
Harbors around 20% of the earths plant spicies
If we destroy the Chaparral then all the animals and plants would be gone and we'd lose one of the worlds interesting biome for animals to live in.
It provides essential protection against erosion.
It allows underground water supplies to recharge.
Image of the Road Runner
Feeds mainly on small invertebrates and insects.
They also consume eggs, fruit, vegetables and even small vertebrates such as lizards and snakes
They have survived as long as ten weeks without food and water for years
They house in burrows dug under the ground in the Chaparral Biome
It's only limiting factors include it's preditors
Benefits the environment by eating harmful insects such as termites and scorpions
Image of the Long Eared Hedge Hog
Developments in the natural area like houses being built are one of the biggest threats to the Chaparral biome.
This destroys the land that once contained hundreds of living organisms that have now died due to construction
Blue planet Biome