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Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939)

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Dominika Szymańska

on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939)

Sigmund Freud with his favourite cigar - another phallic symbol?
http:// upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/12/Sigmund_Freud_LIFE. jpg
Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939)

Mind contents
- 3 elements of awareness
Graphically it looks like that:
Personality structure
- basic desires and needs. Usually not conscious. The most important.
- Our self of which we are aware at any moment, by which we act and describe ourselves. Id is dangerous for ego, superego limits ego.
- Our conscience. The perfect self. What is appropriate (to do/think), what is not. It creates our limits.
and psychosexual development
Oedipus Complex and Penis Envy
The most crucial elements in Freud's theories.
Sigmund Freud
was an Austrian neurologist and psychotherapist, a creator of psychoanalysis.
Freud theories were highly innovative and extremely influential in the first half of XX century. His works were at first connected mainly with human mental health (he was a psychiatrist) but afterwards they had a great impact on every aspect of culture and society. MODERNISM.
There were many followers of his theory (especially in America), as well as many opponents or scientific traitors,
so to speak.

- includes all the things that we are aware of. This is the aspect of our mental processing that we can think and talk about in a rational way.
- Ordinary memory and automatisms. While we are not consciously aware of this information at any given time, we can retrieve it and pull it into consciousness when needed. Even if we are not able to do that on our own, a qualified psychoanalyst will help.
- most important. Set of feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories that lay outside our conscious awareness and control. Most of the contents of the unconscious are unacceptable or unpleasant, such as feelings of pain, anxiety, not proper sexual desire or conflict. According to Freud, the unconscious continues to influence our behavior and experience, even though we are unaware of these underlying influences. Psychoanalyst would be helpful in the process of revealing them during the therapy.
http:// www.kabbalahmeditation.org/Freud%20Iceberg. gif
a horse - id
a horseman - ego
reins - superego
Libido - instinct energy or force, contained in what Freud called the id, the strictly unconscious structure of the psyche. Strictly connected with the 'life-instinct'.
Libido drifts in human organism regarding the developmental phase, in which he/she is --> Psychosexual stages:
1. Oral (0-1 year)
2. Anal (1-3 years)
3. Phallic (3-6 years)
4. Latency (6-puberty)
5. Genital (puberty-death)
Note! It is important to get through all the stages.
If not, we deal with stagnation or even a regress. It leads to neurosis!
Childhood amnesia, which is also called 'infantile amnesia', is the inability of adults to retrieve episodic memories before the age of 2–4 years.
The Oedipus Complex
(female analogue
the Electra complex
) - a desire for sexual involvement with the parent of the opposite sex and a concomitant sense of rivalry with the parent of the same sex; a crucial stage in the normal developmental process.
It takes place at phallic stage. If the complex is not completed and ended, it has disastrous effect in adult emotional and sexual life.
Penis envy - a supposed wish of a girl to have a penis, postulated by Sigmund Freud as a cause of feelings of inferiority and psychic conflict.
(K. Horney was opposed to this theory)
Castration anxiety - anxiety resulting from real or imagined threats to boys' sexual functions (observed among young boys.
Freud's patriarchal viewpoint!
'Girls do not have penises, somebody cut them from girls as a punishment! I don't want to be like girls - I'm afraid!'
Methods used in the process of psychoanalysis
Free association technique - patients are invited to relate whatever comes into their minds during the analytic session, and not to censor their thoughts. Primitive instincts and not fully conscious desires reveal!
Dreams analysis (fully developed by Gustav Jung)
Freud's authentic settee. Patients were lying on it. And Freud was sitting behind their heads, so they could not see him by any chance!
http:// grafik.rp.pl/g4a/614002,255661,9. jpg
' The Psychopathology of Everyday Life', S. Freud
'The Ego and the Id', S. Freud
The Uncanny
What is it? Etymology.
The things we find the most terrifying appear that way because they once seemed familiar - parts of our society/culture, etc.
The Concept of the Uncanny Valley
Popular objects of the Uncanny
man's attitude towards:
female sexuality
Used in reference to the phenomenon whereby a computer-generated figure or humanoid robot bearing a near-identical resemblance to a human being arouses a sense of unease or revulsion in the person viewing it.
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