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Transcript of France 1400-1600
The Hundred Year War
The hundred year war started in 1337 and lasted until 1453.
It started when king Philip vi of France attempted to confiscate the English territories in the duchy of Aquitaine (located in Southwestern France).
The hundred year war was not 1 single war but a bunch of smaller ones that lasted 116 years
Kings of France
King Charles VI (1380-1422)
He was also a house of valoirs.
He earned the epithet “the beloved”
He was only 11 at the time of his inherited the throne
He was slightly crazed at times , he killed four knights and almost his brother on route to Brittney in august 1392
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Hundred Year War Cont...
It was mostly fought on French soil and is believed that the population had dropped by half.
The hundred year war was a defining time for the history of France and England.
The English won most of the battles with decisive victories at Crey, Poiters, and Agincourt .
King Charles VII (1422-1461)
He ruled as king from 1422 to death in 1461.
He was a monarch of the house of valor's.
His dad Charles VI (the mad) had him disinherited him in 1420
1461-1483 King Louis XI
Nicknamed the prudent , spider , the cunning.
He was devious and disobedient dauphin of France.
His father banished him from the courts.
He married Charlotte of Savoy daughter of Louis , duke of Savoy against the will of his father.
His enemies accused him of spinning webs of plots an conspiracies.
King Francis I 1515-1547
Was also a monarch of house of valor's.
He succeeded his cousin and father in law after he had no male heir.
He initiated the French renaissance by attracting many Italian artists including Leonardo Da Vinci.
Known as le pere at restaurateurs des letters (the father and restorer of letters)
Francis II (1559-1560)
He was a monarch of the house of valois-angoulene.
He was king of France from 1559-1560.
He was also king consort of England as a result of his marriage to Mary queen of Scots from 1558 to his death.
He got the throne at age 15 because of his fathers accidental death.
Joan of Arc
She was born in 1412 in Domremy, Bar, France.
Her nickname is “the maid of Orleans”.
She led the French army to victory over the British at Orleans.
She had visions and heard voices.
At 16 she asked permission to join the Dauphin and his cause. She and her visions were promptly dismissed. The next year undeterred , she returned.
That April the Dauphin provided Joan with several military men. She also fought along side her brothers Jean and Pierre.
During one battle Joan was shot through the neck with an arrow but she quickly returned to the fight. Her unstoppable spirit bolstering the French resolve until the English capitulated.
Joan was captured at 19 and was put to death by the English and their French collaborators as a heretic. They burned her alive.
France Impact on America
There were 3 major North American voyages in 1534, 1535, and 1541.
First voyage had 2 ships and 60 men
The second voyage had 3 ships and 110 men
The third voyage had 5 ships.
On the third voyage he had abandoned the idea of finding a passage to Asia and was sent to established a permanent settlement along St. Lawrence river.
Giovanni Da Verrazzano was born in Val Di Greve Italy C.1485 and died 1528.
King Francis I sent him to explore the east coast of America Explored the Atlantic coast from present day cape Fear, North Carolina to perhaps as far as Newfoundland
The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge in New York was named after him.