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The Wheel

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by

Rahul Prabhakaran

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of The Wheel

The
Wheel

The Creation of the Wheel
First wheel was created by the Mesopotamians in 3500 B.C., 5500 years ago
- Built for pottery
- Made out of stone

The wheel became what we think of it as when wooden axels and wooden wheels guided a wagon in one-dimensional movement
Innovations to the Wheel
Wooden spokes were one of the first major innovations to wheel, around 2000 B.C., about 1500 years after the first wheel
- Lighter
- Less Material Used
- Better Balanced
Innovations Made Using the Wheel
1839 - The first bicycle with pedals was innovated by a man named Kirkpatrick Macmillan
The Wheel
The first wheel was first invented just under 6000 years ago, and was slowly innovated from a circular-shaped stone, to what we know of it as today: a wheel made of metal, with spokes, a rim, and tires. The wheel is part of our everyday life, because many important innovations related to transportation were innovated from it, including the train, bike, and car.
by: Rahul Prabhakaran
and Diego Sosa

The Progression of the Wheel and Axle with a Wagon
A stone pottery wheel, around 3500 B.C.
The first wheel with spokes, around 2000 B.C.
Iron rims were added to wheels on Celtic chariots, around 1000 B.C.
- Stronger Frame
- Increased Durability
Wooden wheel with iron rims, around 1000 B.C.
The first wire wheels, around 1870
The first wire wheels, made of steel, were created around 1870
- Increased strength
- Lightweight, sleek design
The first bicycle with pedals, 1839
1822 - The first steam locomotive (or train) and railroad was invented by George Stephenson
1886 - The automobile (now known as a car) was created by Karl Benz, when he created the Benz Patent-Motorwagen
The Benz Patent-Motorwagen, 1886
The first tires were created in the 1880s
- Reduced Friction
- More Durable
First pneumatic, or rubber, inflatable tire (created by John Dunlop), 1888
THANK YOU FOR WATCHING!
URLS of Sources
Wikipedia - http://www.wikipedia.org

Smithsonian.com ( "A Salute to the Wheel") - http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/A-Salute-to-the-Wheel.html?c=y&page=2

Thinkquest ("Ancient Civilizations: Invention of the Wheel")- http://library.thinkquest.org/C004203/science/science02.htm

Auto Evolution ("History of the Wheel") - http://www.autoevolution.com/news/history-of-the-wheel-7334.html

About.com ("The Invention of the Wheel") - http://inventors.about.com/od/wstartinventions/a/wheel.htm
URLS of Sources
Wikipedia - http://www.wikipedia.org

Smithsonian.com ( "A Salute to the Wheel") - http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/A-Salute-to-the-Wheel.html?c=y&page=2

Thinkquest ("Ancient Civilizations: Invention of the Wheel")- http://library.thinkquest.org/C004203/science/science02.htm

Auto Evolution ("History of the Wheel") - http://www.autoevolution.com/news/history-of-the-wheel-7334.html

About.com ("The Invention of the Wheel") - http://inventors.about.com/od/wstartinventions/a/wheel.htm
URLs of Images
Stone Wheel (Cropped)- http://media.smithsonianmag.com/images/stone-wheel-631.jpg
Progression of Wheel and Axle - http://library.thinkquest.org/C004203/science/invention.jpg
Wooden-Spoked Wheel - http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/x/vintage-wooden-wagon-wheel-isolated-24448740.jpg
Iron-Rimmed Wheel - http://media.liveauctiongroup.net/i/10804/11303837_2.jpg?v=8CE6140D939E570
Wire Wheel - http://www.cokertire.com/media/catalog/product/cache/1/image/700x700/9df78eab33525d08d6e5fb8d27136e95/v/i/vintage-wire-wheel_1.jpg
Pneumatic Tire - http://www.clandunlop.com/johnbd3.gif
Steam Locomotive - http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3f/Stephenson%27s_Rocket_drawing.jpg
Bicycle - http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSTCwGbz93iRfbICrU8bE2FX6lUrwUYJIWLDMDnG9MxIvKDWsOHOw
Benz Patent-Motorwagen - http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/71/1885Benz.jpg
Drawing of Stephenson's first steam locomotive, 1822
The progression of the wheel, over time
Full transcript