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LEARNING STRATEGIES

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Rabiya Gül

on 15 April 2015

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Transcript of LEARNING STRATEGIES

LEARNING STRATEGIES
WHAT IS
"LEARNING
STRATEGY" ?
to learning and using information.
It is a person's approach
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN LEARNING STYLES AND LEARNING STRATEGIES

Learning style refers to a person's general approach to learning.
CHARACTERISTICS OF LEARNING STRATEGIES

Learning strategies;
lead them to be self directed
expand the role of teachers
problem-oriented
involve many aspects
can be taught
flexible
Direct strategies require mental processing of language.
Indirect strategies are learning without directly involving the target language.
Direct strategies divided into three groups;

Cognitive strategies
Memory strategies
Compensation strategies
Indirect strategies are divided into three as well;

Metacognitive strategies
Social strategies
Affective strategies
Cognitive strategies include what learners think (such as reading for purpose, or reading for identifying rules etc.) about their own learning.
Memory strategies show how (such as using flash card, or reviewing lessons etc.) learners remember the language.
Compensation strategies are related to what learners do (such as making guesses or finding connotative ideas etc.) to compensate their limited knowledge in the language.
Metacognitive strategies talk about the strategies (such as
observing own mistakes and improving on that,
or planning and following a good timetable etc.)
learners employ in their learning process.

Social strategies involve the strategy that learners use or the interaction they do to facilitate their own learning. Such as asking for corrections from proficient speakers, or learning the native culture etc.
Affective strategies talk about learners' feelings, as well as what they do to motivate themselves and to make the learning process comfortable. Such as relaxing when they feel afraid of the new language, or rewarding themselves when they perform well etc.
Cognitive strategies are divided into some groups.
- Resourcing - Summarizing
- Repetition - Recombination
- Grouping - Translation
- Deduction - Note Taking
- Imagery
- Auditory Representation
- Keyword Method
- Elaboration
- Transfer
- Inferencing

Metacognitive strategies are also divided into some groups.
-Advance Organizers
-Directed Attention
-Functional Planning
-Selective Attention
-Self-management
-Self-monitoring
-Self-evaluation
Learning strategies refer to the actions and behaviors
a person uses to learn.
References
- http://www.ku-crl.org/sim/strategies.shtml
- http://www.slideshare.net/Professorredbag/language-learning-strategies-4832746
- Learing Strategies In Second Language Acquisition
O'Malley, J.M. & Chamot , A.U. (1990:119-120)
- Rebecca L. Oxford Language Learning Strategies, p.135
- Language Learning Strategies: A Study of Teacher and Learner Perceptions Muhammad Fazle Ramzan Khan *
BUP JOURNAL, Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2012, ISSN: 2219-4851
- http://iteslj.org/Articles/Lessard-Clouston-Strategy.html
- Oxford, “The Role of Styles and Strategies in Second Language Learning”, 1989
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communication_strategies_in_second-language_acquisition

LISTENING
READING
SPEAKING
WRITING
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