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Elma Gonzalez

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of FUTEBOL & BRASIL

& Brazil "Futebol" Origins of futebol British writer and broadcaster, the author of books about Brazil and mathematics. Futebol: the Brazilian Way -1888: Slavery abolished Historical Context -In 1930's, Freyre was the first person to point out the positive in racial mixture - futebol was a powerful metaphor. Futebol: The national sport Tiago Fernandes Maranhão Futebol mulato: racial constructs in Brazilian football Football as an icon of mulatism Main points Alex Bellos -São Paulo: Charles Miller 1894 *BR became a republic in 1889 -Rio: Oscar Cox Miller is deemed creator of the chaleira -1901: he organized the first local game -1902: He established the Fluminense, Rio's first club -1900: The first BR club was created by a German colony in Rio Grande (near Uruguay) "Football" was associated with European culture and was seen as "muito chic" -1889: New republic Futebol Context -game is played by white/rich people, but game can actually be mastered without a privileged background -As mixed-race players began to play in the big clubs they were harassed -Clubs established rules to keep blacks out -Scottish-Brazilian -Deemed the 'official' progenitor of futebol -1904: Bangu Athletic Club was the first to field black players -Carlos Alberto, first mulatto to play for Fluminense, got a nickname that was then used for the team -ie: required amateurism -Vasco de Gama, Rio's Portuguese club, paved the way for inclusion "Our passes ... our dummies, our flourishes with the ball, the touch of dance and subversiveness that marks the Brazilian style ..." -Freyre -"Brazilian Style" became a proud advertisement for the country's unique racial make-up. -Futebol was beginning to be linked with national identity. -1930's Pres. Getulio Vargas used the sport to feed his ideals of nationalism and social harmony. -He centralized the sport by creating a national council and regional federations.
-Invested large amounts of money for the national team. -Brazil won their 1st WC in 1958, but set the stage for futebol "á la brésilienne" in the 1938 WC in France. -By 1970, the Brazilian style had a universal patent. BS: individual skills outshine team tactics. -1933, professionalism was introduced -The paper discusses Girlberto Freyres's "Futebol Mulato," where he writes about the role of football in developing the Brazilian identity -Football celebrations actively participate in the formation and the reinforcement of a sense of collectivity, of nation -In BR, futebol is as Alex Bellos states "A way of life." The country stops to watch the game. Does Brazilian football have the mulatto profile Freyre identified? To what extent can it be said to have contributed to the creation of Brazil’s culture? How did it develop, historically and socially? Is the mulatto profile a real brand of the nation? The questions: -after Freyre revolutionized BR thinking on mestiçagem,the mulatto was beginning to become a symbol of Brazilianism. -football is the activity through which the ‘Brazilian being’ expresses itself with greatest intensity -The mulatismo of Brazilian football represents the real psychologicalcharacter of the Brazilian people: "being a Brazilian is being a mulatto" -Freyre The racially mixed Brazilian Frayre advocated for the support of mulatto with futebol, claiming it was the only way to develop a truly BR style Poetry, football-art and the mulatto #2 -Brazilians think they have a natural gift to play football because football mulatto was born in Brazil: this is the powerful myth that Freyre helped to propagate -After the World Cups in 1958, 1962 and 1970, Brazilian football began to be described as ‘a wonderful work of art’ created out of ‘mestization’ and the active participation of the black and mulatto players. Football players in Brazil -Superior nation of mulattos -a number of ideas that are constantly repeated: 'the trickster (malandro) style of the Brazilian player, with skill' and 'the ballet-like football, of Afro-Brazilian dance with dribbles' -The mulatto football is the symbol of the ‘racial democracy’; but there is a lot of silent discourse in Freyre's works "Freyre’s texts inaugurated a tradition of cultural studies in Social Sciences in the field of football." *futebol is the perfect example of "racial democracy" ie: Europeans would have a rationalgame due to their 'organization', while Brazilians would have a 'distinct' way of playing *Dunga Style
1990's and 2010
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