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The Hip..!

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Elsie Sanchez

on 7 April 2010

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Transcript of The Hip..!

The Hip/Pelivs..! Bones..! 1. Femur
Head of femur
Neck of femur
Greater trochanter
Lesser torchanter
2. Ilium
Iliac Crest
Anterior superior Iliac spine
Anterior inferior Iliac spine
Posterior superior Iliac spine
Posterior inferior Iliac spine
3. Ischium
5.Acetabuium- made out of Ilium,Ischium & Pubis
Joints..! Ball-n-socket

Movements..! 1.Internal rotation-medial
2.External rotation-lateral
3.Hip flextion
4.Hip extention
7.Circumduction Ligaments...! 1.Ilio femoral
2.Isehio femoral
3.Pubo fermoral Slipped Capaital Femoral Epiphysis Factures..! E:occurs in about 2 out of every 100,000 children. It is more common in growing children ages 11 to 15, especially boys, It is also more common in children who are obese, and in children who are growing rapidly. Children with hormone imbalances caused by other conditions are at particular risk for this disorder: S/S:Difficulty walking, walking with a limp,knee pain,hip pain
hip stiffness,outward-turning leg,restricted hip movements T:Surgery to stabilize the bone with pins or screws will prevent further slippage or displacement of the ball of the hip joint. Some surgeons may suggest using pins on the unaffected hip at the same time, because many children will develop a slip in that hip as well Contusion(Hip pointer)..! E:are the result of a direct blow to the iliac crest, whether from a direct hit from a helmet, or a hard fall. S/S:Tenderness over the bony prominence of the upper/outer thigh,swelling over the bursa T:Physical Therapy Hip Dislocations..! E:High-speed, high-impact sports are the most common.A great amount of force is required to pop the thighbone out of its socket, but that's just what happens in a hip dislocation. T:If the patient has no other complications, the physician will administer an anesthetic or a sedative and manipulate the bones back into their proper position (this is called a reduction).In some cases the reduction must be done in the operating room with anesthesia. A formal procedure with an incision may be required to reduce the hip.
S/S:Severe pain in the hip, especially when attempting to move the leg,leg on the affected side appears shorter than the other leg,hip joint appears, deformed,pain or numbness along the sciatic nerve area (back of thighs) if injury presses on this nerve Lesser Tronchanter Fracture..! T:Intracapsular fractures of the femoral neck are most often treated with a prosthetic or replacement device for the femoral head and/or neck, intertrochanteric fractures are frequently treated using a compression-type screw, pin or nail and laterally-placed side-plate, intramedullary nails are also used for fixation

E: For older people occur as a result of a fall, frequently a minor fall such as from the standing position. For younger people are often the result of high velocity, high impact trauma.

S/S: will have pain over the outer upper thigh or in the groin. There will be significant discomfort with any attempt to flex or rotate the hip.
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