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Transcript of Middle East
The war on Christianity
Forms of Government
Lies at the middle of the vast Islamic realm. To the north and east of it, respectively, lie
, with Muslim Turkestan beyond the latter. To the south lies the
. And to the west lie the
, and the rest of
Countries in Middle East:
United Arab Emirates
8,804,395 sq km
Percent of Earth's Land:
Mount Damavand, Iran
Dead Sea (between Israel and Jordan)
1,388 ft below sea level
Largest Country (by Area):
Saudi Arabia, 1,960,582 sq km
Largest country by population:
Climate and Weather
Extremely hot and dry
Summers across the Middle East are very windy, with average temps near
, but often soaring to way above
Sandstorms when strong winds are common in the desert areas.
Winter brings some milder conditions to the peninsula with scattered rain.
The Middle East is described as the cradle of civilization:
Division of society
into a number of social classes;
2) Development of large, densely populated urban centers, or the
rise of cities
3) Emergence of centralized political institutions, leading to the
formation of the state
The geopolitical term "
" was first coined in 1902 by a United States naval officer
Alfred Thayer Mahan.
Lagman, Lance Chester
Medrano, Beaulah Eleanor
Silverio, Wynona Marie
Bodies of Water
people live in the Middle East.
In the desert environment, annual plants have a very short life span, growing, blooming and seeding in a few short days, covering the ground, when moisture content permits, with a patchy carpet of low-lying blooms.
Desert perennials are sparse, tough and spiny with deep root systems.
Desert animals are rarely seen, being generally nocturnal and/or underground dwellers to avoid the heat.
Mammals have a difficult existence throughout the area, due to human disturbance and the fact that the species is not well adapted to drought.
The Middle East has a variety of resources including
(used in fertilizers) and
The most valuable resource is
About 30 of the world’s countries have significant oil reserves. But five of these countries, all located in the North Africa/Southwest Asia realm.
There are huge amounts of oil beneath the desert on the
is home for much of the Jewish population in the Southwest Asia.
- Jewish people differ in their religious beliefs, though most practice some form of Judaism.
Law of Return
in Israel says that a Jew from any other country can automatically have citizenship in Israel.
- Many Berber tribes live in the
- Most Berbers living in mountainous areas are
- The majority of Berber tribes are
- Their most important animal is the
- Now, the Bedouin live mostly in
Saudi Arabia, Syria, Jordan, and Iraq
- Bedouin tribes are ruled by tribal leaders called
- Most Bedouins practice
is also home to the Kurdish people.
- Most Kurds today are
- Kurdish Muslims are usually
about certain Islamic practices.
- Kurdish religion used to be made up of a
mixture of several different religions
- The Turks are an ethnic group
based on language
- They live mostly in
- Most of the people who live in Turkey are of Turkish descent.
- Most Turks practice some form of
- Like Kurds, Turkish people are
about some Islamic practices.
- The Persians are an ethnic group that lived in
before the arrival of Islam in the 7th century.
- Persians make up about
half of Iran’s current population
- They have their own language called
Persian or Farsi
- Most Persians in Iran today practice
, but some are Sunni and other religions.
Folk and Popular Culture
are well known for their architecture.
in Turkey are a good example of Turkish architecture.
and architecture is also well known.
Many people consider
to be among the finest in the world.
Beliefs / Ideology
are major religions practiced in
Most people there are
. This means that they practice the religion of
of people in the region are Muslims.
Tools and Skills (Livelihood)
Literacy and Development
in many countries in the Southwest Asia.
The literacy rates for people over fifteen years of age are:
77% in Syria
79% in Iran
95% in Israel
79% in Saudi Arabia
In some countries women’s education is not valued as much as men’s education.
Literacy rates also have an impact on a country’s economy and its development.
For centuries, most of the Middle East was under the political control of the Ottoman Empire which was centered on Istanbul, which is in present-day Turkey.
Language and Dialect
- considered a
as it is the language of the Quran.
people speak Turkish
- language of the
in biblical times, and most of the
was written in Hebrew
- has never had the opportunity to become unified and its dialects are generally separated into groups.
- also known as
, is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan
Ancient empires of this region were termed "
" because the states strive to develop water resources to the maximum extent possible.
In the desert,
around springs and wells are islands of life in seas of sand.
- precious to all the region's people because of their scarcity.
- agricultural production was made possible.
Tree of Life
- The term "
" referred to the peoples that inhabited the
of the Arabian Peninsula.
- Arab peoples make up almost the entire populations of
Jordan, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, and other states of Southwest Asia
- The majority of Muslims practice
Land of Socotra
Birth of the baby
are done after the birth of the child:
is whispered in the newborns ear as the first sound it hears.
2. After seven days, a
For several weeks after a baby is born, family, friends and neighbors will visit the new parents and grandparents.
weigh the baby
and an equivalent amount of silver is given to charity.
A traditional dish,
- a pudding made of semolina flour, sugar and cinnamon, topped with fresh nuts - is served, along with coffee or tea.
Courtship, Weddings and Marriage
The tradition of the exchanging of
has been said to originate in the Middle East.
Muslim marriage is conventionally considered to be a
rather than a sacrament.
by the fathers of the bride and groom.
Wedding ceremonies are
and typically last three days. Weddings in villages may be attended by the entire village.
The wedding shower occurs seven days after the wedding and is accordingly named "
", the Arabic word for seven.
It is common for a newly married couple to move in with the groom's parents.
(Islamic religious law) calls for burial of the body, preceded by a simple ritual involving
the body, followed by
of the body is forbidden.
Loved ones and relatives are to observe a
3-day mourning period
. During that time, the widow is
not to remarry
, interact with na-mahram (with whom she can marry).
The position of the deceased should be faced towards
developed the first fully computerized, no-radiation, diagnostic instrumentation for breast cancer.
The failure of governments to provide comprehensive healthcare services has led to health care being taken over by
Failure of public health systems has also led to the widespread
distribution of risk factors
for disease, such as smoking, obesity, and hypertension
Monarchical rule, limited role for a semi-elected parliament
Political System: Interim authorities, elections due early 2014
Interim governing body
Family-rule autocracy dominated by minority Alawite sect
Important part of Middle East culture: A man may be called
("son of") followed by his father's name or
("father of") followed by his child's name.
In traditional Arab societies the
is an extended family. All living together, in rural areas particularly.
From earliest times, people built irrigation systems to carry water from rivers to crops. Ancient Egyptians used a
. Modern technological methods include drip irrigation and desalination.
In some regions of Middle East, children (from marginalized families) are given the privilege to be educated without charge.
The government also provides residences for their citizens.