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Language Disorders

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bridget kelly

on 26 October 2013

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Transcript of Language Disorders

Language Disorders!
Bridget, Miko, Natalia,
Julie, Jessica & Patrycja

Ice Breakers...
Does anyone know what a language disorder is?
Has anyone worked with students with language disorders?
What is a Language Disorder?
Language disorder in children refers to problems with either:

Getting their meaning or message across to others (
expressive language disorder
), or
Understanding the message coming from others (
receptive language disorder
Some children only have an expressive language disorder. Others have a mixed receptive-expressive language disorder, meaning that they have symptoms of both conditions.

Children with language disorders are able to produce sounds, and their speech can be understood
Four Types
1. No verbal language
2. Qualitatively different language
3. Delayed language
4. Interrupted language
Questions to Consider...
-Traumatic brain injury (TBI) due to oxygen deprivation, physical trauma or infection
-Mental disability
-Developmental disability
-Intellectual disability
-Severe emotional disturbance
-Hearing loss
-Physical deformity (i.e. cleft lip)
-Family history of language disorders

However, the cause of a language disorder is often unknown.
What is aphasia?
→ Aphasia happens when there is a disturbance in the comprehension and formulation of language. It occurs when there is an injury to part of the brain that is linked to language, and this injury affects only an aspect of the language system
→ so like many language disorders, it doesn’t hurt all aspects of language, but has a big enough impact on a child’s language acquisition and production abilities.
→ Something very interesting about aphasia is that is shows us that there are parts of the brain that work with different aspects of language, such as comprenhension and formulation of language, but also areas that are more specific to second language acquisition, syntactic formulation, etc
→ There are many different types of aphasia, but the most common types are Broca's aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia and Conduction Aphasia.
→ Aphasia is usually due to a stroke, or a trauma/injury to an area of a brain, which can happen in kids of all ages, and so this may lead you to have one in your classroom.
Types of Aphasia
Broca’s aphasia
Wernicke’s aphasia
Conduction aphasia
What is Dyslexia?
-Learning disability in which a person typically experiences difficulties in accurately and/or fluently recognizing spelling and decoding words
-Brain does not recognize and process certain symbols and letters
-It is often classified as a learning disability, it is important to note that this can also be classified as a language disorder
-This is not caused by vision problems; instead it is the result of a problem in an area of the brain that helps interpret language
-Difficulty understanding (receptive language)
-Difficulty expressing (expressive language)
-Problems following verbal directions
-Problems constructing sentences
-Problems understanding multiple word meanings
-Problems understanding abstract concepts-Problems learning new material
-Phonetics problems
-Using word substitutions or “fillers” (i.e. um)
-Limited vocabulary
People with a language disorder may have 1+ of these symptoms.
Once a student is suspected of having a language disorder, a speech-language pathologist works with the teacher and family/caregivers of the student in order to evaluate his/her language. The evaluation consists of observations, assessments and tests.
How are Language Disorders Diagnosed?
Strategies for Teaching Students with
Language Disorders
Universal Design for Learning (UDL)
Definition: UDL is an educational template for accommodating the needs of all learners

UDL real world applications:
-Curbed sidewalks
-Automatic Doors
-Large Print Textbooks
Classroom Context
and Setting
-Establish a safe learning environment

- Use highly structured settings

-Eliminate auditory distractions (from hall, gym, desks, etc.)
Inclusive Activities
-Poetry readings and Song Singing

-Games such as “20 Questions” or Fill in the Blank

-Role Plays/ Simulation Games
Teaching Strategies
-Provide ample opportunities in communicating

-Assign group work

-Avoid drawing attention
to errors
* Remember PPP: Pause,
Prompt and
Teachers will encounter students with language disorders in their classrooms and it is important to be aware of some solutions to help students cope in the class.
-Seven percent of preschool and school-age children exhibit significant limitations in language ability.
-Can students be cured from language disorders?
There is no real cure. Children need to work with speech pathologists and their teachers to improve, but they will always have a disorder.
-Language disorders should be addressed at an early stage when children are starting to learn the language because they need to get used to putting an extra effort in their work.
-More than 200 studies report the effectiveness of language intervention for an overwhelming majority of participants.
-Language treatment has been shown to improve functional communication skills. This will enhance the quality of life, social, academic, and vocational opportunities of the child.
-Speech-language pathologists play a critical role in helping children with language disorders learn to speak, listen, read, and write.
There are many resources available to teachers:

Widerstrom, A. H. (1995). Achieving Learning Goals Through Play. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing co., Inc.

Articles on the internet for example:
Bakopoulou, I., Lindsay, G., Roulstone S., Wren Y. (2012) Interventions for Children with Speech, Language and Communication Needs: An Exploration of Current Practice. Child Language Teaching and Therapy, v. 28 (3), pages 325-341.

Resource teachers, speech-language pathologists

Goldstein H., Prelock P. Treatment Efficacy Summary. Children Language Disorder. Page 7216. doi:

True or False

There can be more than one cause to a language disorder?
What problems do children who suffer from Broca's Aphasia have?
a) Problems with speech production
b) Problems with their language production
c) Problems with their reading skills
d) Problems with their listening skills
What are some symptoms of dyslexia?
a) Difficulty expressing ideas clearly due to a lack of vocabulary
b)Mixing up the order of letters when writing
c) Difficulty understanding questions and following directions when read or heard
d)All of the above
True or False
Language intervention has no impact on the learning of a children suffering from a language disorder.

Smith, T., Polloway, E., A., Patton, J., R., Dowdy, C., A., McIntyre, L., J., Francis, G., C. (2008). Teaching students with special needs in inclusive settings (3rd ed.). Toronto: Pearson Education Canada.




“CAST: Universal Design for Learning.” CAST: About UDL. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan 2013.

Tomlinson, C. A. (2005). The differentiated classroom: Responding to the needs of all learners. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
There are two forms of dyslexia ________ and _________.
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