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Copy of Selling SaaS in the Enterprise
Transcript of Copy of Selling SaaS in the Enterprise
the selection of those CAGs with strong campaigns to achieve a meaningful local community involvement in shoreline management decision making process. ? Methodology Research How Cart Gap Road The Home Owner Secondary data source Literature Review Don't forget to call Dr Jonathan Why What How Any Question? Thank you Taye Olukayode Famuditi A critical evaluation of the role of
Coastal Action Groups in developing local community participation within shoreline management in England The overall aim of this research is to identify and critically evaluate the role of Coastal Action Groups (CAGs) in the shoreline management decision making processes in England. To review and critically evaluate the theoretical context and practice of public participation in shoreline management in England through a comprehensive literature review and identify best practice. To establish and critically review the status, achievements and shortcomings of CAGs in England with particular focus on their involvement in the shoreline management decision making process. To critically discuss and analyse current local community participation and its influence on shoreline management decision making process through case studies. To critically discuss and analyse current local community participation and its influence on shoreline management decision making process through case studies. Background and research context
Coastal defence and shoreline
What is Shoreline Management Plan?
Public participation in shoreline
The emergence of Coastal Action Groups Research design Case study selection Interviews Postal questionnaires Methods and choice of analysis Overview of Coastal Action Groups in England Consultation process in SMP2- the review . . Selected case study What are the nature and extent of local community participation in these areas? Question Pilot interview with focus groups to be followed up Note Research strategy Originality of research Coastal communities often take very different and causes of the challenges they face, and In many areas, this has resulted in the those views. Public participation in shoreline
management Public participation in decision making can degrees as analysed in Arnstein’s (1969) The ladder described a range of increasing from passive dissemination of information '' manipulation'' to active engagement Within the first generation of SMPs, more statutory agencies and other significant than the general public CAGs consist of a range of local and regional and voluntary bodies The first recognised CAG to emerge in Concern Action Group (CCAG) formed In subsequent years, more groups were campaign against the Government’s CAGs have no statutory role in the structural Time table Secondary data sources will mainly cover publications and guidance, technical annual reports of the CAGs. Various insite will be gained from the
of shoreline management reviews produced environmental consultants and assessment produced by the SMP Quality Review Group Secondary data will cover different sources provide an essential preparation for the Research design Detailed critical evaluation of existing literature Data collection will be carried out via both Primary data sources will include key
and semi- structured interviews in each Shoreline management authorities
Members of CAGs
Local residents and land owners
Other identified interest parties Case study selection The research will be carried out in three
affected by coastal risk management Happisburgh (Coastal Concern Action Group
Medmerry (Medmerry Stakehoder's
Romney Marsh (Defend Our Coast Each case study represents the three stages that Agency (EA) and Local Authorities (LA) use in the risk of flooding and erosion in England. Interviews The interviews will be designed in order To identify the perceived requirements for participation in shoreline management To determine the level of concern and sense held by CAGs with regard to developing local The interview questions will be opened-ended Each interviewee will be approached either in Postal questionnaire This will involve questions which will The environmental issues that local
viewed as affecting their coastline;
Necessity and importance of local community in shoreline management
How they thought their views should be used management decision making process The sample population selected to receive the generated randomly by typing road names and Royal mail postcode locator To attempt to increase response rate, a stamped, self addressed envelopes Methods and choice of analysis Data analysis will consist of critical evaluation quantitative evidence to address the aims Each interview will be fully transcribed, word- voice recording collected during the interview Direct quotes will be used to convey the opinions, and where appropriate graphs will also be used for illustration. Data from the questionnaires will be Statistical Package for Social Sciences for each question, for the purpose of Pilot interview Pilot interview and questionnaire will be and research students. The survey will be continuously modified until unambiguously worded and the survey is piloting at the case studies. A pilot interview with a selection of the pre scheduled CAG public meetings. Research progress 13 prominent communities based CAGs were currently active in England. Their roles and interest are hugely varied but campaign for proper coastal governance and Environmental groups can be classified environmental justice groups and radical The findings of the case studies have been initial questionnaire content and providing a most methodology for this research. This understanding has been translated into and therefore has been used to illustrate the It explored wider contextual issues such as as well as the local community mode of studies. Defra’s Community Adaptation Planning reviewed to critically evaluate This has led to hostility to the management protest groups to develop their own The review found that implementation of because local people were not feeling that lack of agreement on a particular
coastal problem lack of agreement on how to address
the problems lack of trust in government as coastal
communities feel they are not being
meaningfully involved in decision-making Achievements and
be measured here Status will be
Julia Malcolm Jonathan, Thank You for your support Happisburgh Norfolk NR12 0PP Local Community
Participation in Shoreline
Management Questionnaire positions on the nature the choices for tackling them. Significant portions of the coastline of England and inundation by the sea are under threat from erosion . There are substantial socio economy activities such as residential developments; tourism; / assets along the coastline port and harbour infrastructures . Partly due to these pressures the management has become very complex with involvement of and other stakeholders structure of coastal areas various authorities, agencies . is a non-statutory plan that sets out how the coast should It is: A large scale assessment of the risks associated with coastal processes A policy framework to reduce these risks to people and the developed, historic and natural environment in a sustainable manner. Identifies natural forces acting on the shore and predict what will happen (climate change, sea level rise, erosion) Sets policies for stretches of the shoreline (Policy Units) to manage the risks in a sustainable way Shoreline Management Plan (SMP) best be managed in the future. Public participation can be described as organised for the purpose of facilitating government, citizens, stakeholders, regarding a specific decision or problem. forums for exchange that are communication between interest groups and businesses . take place to different ladder of participation. stakeholder involvement, which was regarded as referred to as ‘‘citizen control’’ attention was paid to parties during consultation The emergence of Coastal Action Groups
(CAGs) level, private, public England was the in 1999 formed with a determined proposed change in coastal defence policies management of English shoreline. write up and submission primary and secondary sources information through questionnaires case study with the following: three communities issues. These are: ([CCAG]) Advisory Group [MStAG]) Association) [DOC]) Defra, the Environment planning and managing to achieve the following objectives: increased local community of responsibility thought to be community participation person, via email or telephone as appropriate. assess: community members participation in the shoreline questionnaires will be house numbers in tested on University staff community residents through the questions are considered suitable for of both qualitative and and objectives of this study. for-word, using the interviewees’ thoughts and and visual representation manually entered into (SPSS) using coding created frequency tables and cross tables Government reports, and analysis of reports by different of reports and will interview Research title Comprehensive and critical evaluation Key gaps, barriers
and factors affecting
engagement Understanding and critically assess Role, successes
and weaknesses of
CAGs Resources available
or additional efforts
required for CAG
genuine recognition Research Identification and critical evaluation Robust and effective requirements Recommendations Further development
and improvement of
in shoreline management
management in England Expected outcome identified as they principally aim to social justice. into: oppositional, single issue groups. shoreline management context inherent diversity of CAGs. collated and assisted in framing clearer focus on the most Spatial distribution of Coastal Action Groups in England Typology of CAG based on classification proposed by Kempton et al. (2001) SMP consultation and methods, engagement within the selected case and Engagement (CAPE) was also government practice in community engagement. CAPE was largely unsuccessful concerns are being taken into account process and formation of (different) solutions. The review was undertaken in order to establish: current policy and management of coastal
challenges to policy implementation
local community’s views on public areas participation in shoreline management Research aim To identify and critically evaluate the role of
in the shoreline management decision making Coastal Action Groups (CAGs) process in England Objectives 1. To review and critically evaluate the participation in shoreline management in review and identify best practice theoretical context and practice of public England through a comprehensive literature 2. To establish and critically review the status, in England with particular focus on their decision making process. achievements and shortcomings of CAGs involvement in the shoreline management 3. To critically discuss and analyse current local on shoreline management decision making community participation and its influence process through case study analysis 4. To put forward a series of recommendations community participation in shoreline and requirements on how local management in England can be taken forward. management in England management (CAGs) formation of CAGs in order to present (Defra 2006 a, b, & c) Renn et al, (1995) Source: Arnstein (1969) (Childs, 1995; Potts, 1999) which are questionnaire will be enclosed in Coastal Concern Action Group Medmerry Stakeholder's Advisory Group Defend Our Coast Association There has been no comprehensive review of much less has been written about their CAGs in England and recognition by the government . This research further adds to the originality and need for this study Power The impacts of CAGs in developing management in England have yet to be community participation in shoreline researched References (Stojanovic & Ballinger, 2009) •Department for Environment, Food and Rural guidance, volume 1: aims and requirements.
• Department for Environment, Food and Rural approach to management of the coastal zone
•Department for Environment, Food and Rural guidance volume 1: aims and requirements. Affairs. (2006a). Shoreline management plan London: Defra. Affairs. (2006b). Promoting an integrated (ICZM) in England. London: Defra. Affairs. (2006c). Shoreline management plan London: Defra. •Arnstein, S. (1969). A ladder of citizen of Planners 35(4) pp. 216-244. participation. Journal of the American Institute •Child, M. (1995). Taking plans forward through sustainable? Paper presented at conference: (pp. 361- 371). Institution of Civil Engineers. consultation and participation: are plans Coastal management, putting policy into practise Bournemouth: Thomas Telford •Renn, O., Webler, T., & Weidemann (1995). Evaluating models for Environmental Discourse. Fairness and Competence in Citizen Participation Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, Netherlands. •Potts, J. S. (1999). The non- statutory approach Coastal defence groups and shoreline to coastal defence in England and Wales: management plans. Marine Policy, 23(4-5), 479- 500 •Stojanovic, T., & Ballinger, R. C. (2009). analysis of four UK initiatives Applied Integrated Coastal Management: A comparative Geography, 29, 46-62.