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Death of the Fine Grain City

Sustainable Urban Design
by

Phil Chrysostomou

on 24 May 2013

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Transcript of Death of the Fine Grain City

death of the fine grain city lets have a look at Adelaide's fine grain Image Credits: . the fine grain alyssa hill
jarrad murdoch
juanita castillon
kathryn ienari
naila bakridan
patrick hartland
philip chrysostomou • Urban form
• Character/Heritage
• Sense of place
• Human scale
• Permeability and accessibility
• Thriving small businesses and ‘horizontal zoning’ INTRICATE AND
INTER-CONNECTED

HEIRACHY OF ROADS AND PATHS built form RECOGNISABLE PUBLIC REALM

SHARED FACILITIES AND STREETS

PUBLIC ART/LANDMARKS

EVOLUTIONARY AND ADAPTABLE character/heritage sense of place permeability and accessibility FINER NETWORK OF ROADS AND PATHS

GREATER PERMEABILITY THROUGH URBAN FABRIC

LESS OBSTRUCTIONS FOR PEDESTRIANS Thriving small businesses and ‘horizontal zoning’ Post war urban sprawl

Increasing car dependence

Impact of globalisation and capitalism

Affluence

Competition

Big business over small business brasilia's fine grain bull ring centre, birmingham birth of the
coarse grain death of the fine grain trafford centre, greater manchester Car dependence and coarse grain, big box developments prioritised over fine grained walkable urban forms

Car parks, bigger blocks and traffic management have made cities impermeable

Small businesses pushed out to suburbs

No diversity, identity or vitality in the city new york coarse grain the coarse grain
• Antithesis of the fine grain
• Large scale
• Vehicle dependent/reliant
• 'Big box' of masterplanned development
• Unable to evolve or grow organically
• Issues with permeability + accessibility
• Separation of land uses
• Functional, but to an extent
• *Unsustainable* VEHICLE DOMINANCE

• Urban Sprawl > cul-de-sac layouts
• Poor walkability/pedestrian infrastructure
• Vehicle infrastructure (roads, parking)
• Bigger blocks
• Traffic management LAND USE

• Clustering or separation of land uses
• Industrial
• Commercial
• Residential west lakes shopping centre marion shopping centre mile end homemaker centre centro arndale harbourtown ALL -

• are commercial hubs
• have little integration with local area
• often single use (commercial/retail)
• poor pedestrian connectivity/accessibility
• have internal fine grain which is fully enclosed
• vehicle dependent/reliant (serviced by large car parks)
• poor public transit **harbourtown + mile end only) internal fine grain ` REVITALISING THE FINE GRAIN?

LANEWAY ACTIVATION/REVITALISATION

SMART GROWTH

TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENTS

MIXED USE

PEDESTRIAN/CYCLIST PRIORITY

HIGH DENSITY

QUALITY PUBLIC REALMS Economy Energy efficient
local economies diversity of activities
and choice
sense of place
accessible and
permeable Environment Small business
CBD employment Triple Bottom Line of the Fine Grain City pedestrian and
cyclist friendly
less car dependent green space
healthy people
safe, slower traffic Sustainability Vibrant commercial districts Social DEVELOPMENT

• Big box or masterplanned
• Commercial hubs
• Small business unviable
• No diversity, identity or vitality discussion questions

do you think fine grain and coarse grain need to coexist?

do you think Adelaide is moving towards a coarser or finer grain?

are you convinced that a fine grain is sustainable?

is there a place for coarse grain to exist in today's society? figure 1 figure 2 figure 3 figure 4 figure 5 figure 6 figure 7 figure 2 figure 2 figure 8 figure 9 figure 10 figure 11 figure 12 figure 13 figure 14 figure 15 figure 16 figure 17 figure 18 figure 19 figure 20 figure 21 figure 22 figure 23 figure 24 figure 25 figure 26 figure 27 figure 28 figure 29 figure 30 figure 31 figure 32 figure 33 figure 34
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