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Death of the Fine Grain City
Transcript of Death of the Fine Grain City
philip chrysostomou • Urban form
• Sense of place
• Human scale
• Permeability and accessibility
• Thriving small businesses and ‘horizontal zoning’ INTRICATE AND
HEIRACHY OF ROADS AND PATHS built form RECOGNISABLE PUBLIC REALM
SHARED FACILITIES AND STREETS
EVOLUTIONARY AND ADAPTABLE character/heritage sense of place permeability and accessibility FINER NETWORK OF ROADS AND PATHS
GREATER PERMEABILITY THROUGH URBAN FABRIC
LESS OBSTRUCTIONS FOR PEDESTRIANS Thriving small businesses and ‘horizontal zoning’ Post war urban sprawl
Increasing car dependence
Impact of globalisation and capitalism
Big business over small business brasilia's fine grain bull ring centre, birmingham birth of the
coarse grain death of the fine grain trafford centre, greater manchester Car dependence and coarse grain, big box developments prioritised over fine grained walkable urban forms
Car parks, bigger blocks and traffic management have made cities impermeable
Small businesses pushed out to suburbs
No diversity, identity or vitality in the city new york coarse grain the coarse grain
• Antithesis of the fine grain
• Large scale
• Vehicle dependent/reliant
• 'Big box' of masterplanned development
• Unable to evolve or grow organically
• Issues with permeability + accessibility
• Separation of land uses
• Functional, but to an extent
• *Unsustainable* VEHICLE DOMINANCE
• Urban Sprawl > cul-de-sac layouts
• Poor walkability/pedestrian infrastructure
• Vehicle infrastructure (roads, parking)
• Bigger blocks
• Traffic management LAND USE
• Clustering or separation of land uses
• Residential west lakes shopping centre marion shopping centre mile end homemaker centre centro arndale harbourtown ALL -
• are commercial hubs
• have little integration with local area
• often single use (commercial/retail)
• poor pedestrian connectivity/accessibility
• have internal fine grain which is fully enclosed
• vehicle dependent/reliant (serviced by large car parks)
• poor public transit **harbourtown + mile end only) internal fine grain ` REVITALISING THE FINE GRAIN?
TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENTS
QUALITY PUBLIC REALMS Economy Energy efficient
local economies diversity of activities
sense of place
permeable Environment Small business
CBD employment Triple Bottom Line of the Fine Grain City pedestrian and
less car dependent green space
safe, slower traffic Sustainability Vibrant commercial districts Social DEVELOPMENT
• Big box or masterplanned
• Commercial hubs
• Small business unviable
• No diversity, identity or vitality discussion questions
do you think fine grain and coarse grain need to coexist?
do you think Adelaide is moving towards a coarser or finer grain?
are you convinced that a fine grain is sustainable?
is there a place for coarse grain to exist in today's society? figure 1 figure 2 figure 3 figure 4 figure 5 figure 6 figure 7 figure 2 figure 2 figure 8 figure 9 figure 10 figure 11 figure 12 figure 13 figure 14 figure 15 figure 16 figure 17 figure 18 figure 19 figure 20 figure 21 figure 22 figure 23 figure 24 figure 25 figure 26 figure 27 figure 28 figure 29 figure 30 figure 31 figure 32 figure 33 figure 34