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ROBOTICS

A.S.T. IV REPORT
by

Justine Carlo S. Elepaño

on 17 March 2011

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Transcript of ROBOTICS

ROBOTICS It is the technology dealing with the design, construction, and operation of robot in automation. The term robotics was coined from Isaac Asimov when he added –ics to the word robot by comparison to words that end with –ics WHAT IS ROBOTICS TO AGRICULTURE? The idea of applying robotics technology in agriculture is very new. The main area of application of robots in agriculture is at the harvesting stage. Fruit picking robot and sheep shearing robot are designed to replace human labor. The agricultural industry is behind other industries in using robots because the sort of jobs involved in agriculture are not straight forward and many repetitive tasks are not exactly the same every time. In most cases, a lot of factors have to be considered (ie: size and color of the fruit to be picked) before the commencement of a task. a fruit picker concept CONCEPT
EXAMPLES insect killer machine concept scanning and picking machine concept AGRICULTURAL EXAMPLES HORTIBOT The vision is the Spider mounted with the HortiBot accessory kit, which transforms it into a tool carrier for high-tech plant nursing for e.g. organic grown vegetables. High-tech tools for weeding that at a later stage can be implemented are tools like laser, micro spraying and mechanical devices. The pictures show the commercial Spider and the delivery from this project – A robust and simple tool carrier for the outdoor gardener. Mushroom Picking Robot The robot mushroom picker is an ongoing researchproject at the University of Warwick in the UK. SeeFigure 1. Their goal is to develop farm machinery thatcan reduce the labor costs of producing farm crops, inthis case, mushrooms. The robot picks the mushroomsusing a small suction cap on the end of its roboticarm. The robot has a charged coupled camera on boardto tell which mushrooms to pick in a tray or bed, sincemushrooms mature at different times during a six to tenweek period. It uses the camera to tell the exact size ofthe mushroom and only pick the correct ones. Mushrooms grow in dark, damp places that are ofteninhospitable to humans. This makes the robot a perfectchoice to work on a mushroom farm. The robot can onlywork half as fast as a human, but it doesn’t mind workingin the dark, or for 24 hours a day. Automatic Milking
Systems (AMS) Voluntary milking allows the cow to decide its own milking time and interval, rather than being milked as part of a group at set milking times. AMS requires complete automation of the milking process, as the cow may elect to be milked at any time during a 24 hour period. The milking unit comprises a milking machine, a teat position sensor, a robotic arm for automatic teat-cup application and removal, and a gate system for controlling cow traffic. The cows may be permanently housed in a barn, and spend most of their time resting or feeding in the free-stall area. If cows are to be grazed as well, a selection gate is required to allow only those cows that have been milked to the outside pastures. ADVANTAGES The main advantage of such a farming system is that the farming is completely need based. Robots can work over time More proficient than man More output than man DISADVANTAGES Here in the philippines, there are many non educated farmers hence they cannot operate these robots/machines Expensive if not takencare well, errors may occur and will lower profieciency and output growth of plants is not uniform Agricultural Robotics in the Philippines “Agriculture is one of the most important sectors. I believe [the competition] will spark investment in agriculture as well as the electronics sector,” Matulac, who also cofounded the Pinoy Robot Games Foundation, Matulac said the government and private sectors would play their respective roles, as well. For the competition itself, he will seek aid from local government units to provide basic grants for the schools intending to join the competition. JACKASS MIKKI JUNSAY JUSTINE ELEPAÑO PAENG ARTATES FRANZ CENTENO
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