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Kootenay Park

National Park

Jyoti Sharma

on 9 October 2012

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Transcript of Kootenay Park

Kootenay National Park Climate Vegetation The Climate in Kootenay varies from the north end to the south end of the park. In the north it is cold and moist but in the south it's relatively warm and dry springs. The average temperature in January is -7°C and average in July is high 22°C. Also, winds are generally stronger at the higher elevations of the park. The subalpine zone is in the middle of the three zones. The slopes in this zone support a large and closed coniferous forest of Engelmann spruce, subalpine fir, and lodgepole pine. Some open meadowland can also found in the upper subalpine regions. During summer, these meadows are covered with thick wildflowers. The highest of the three zones is the alpine region which cannot support trees. In this region vegetation is uncommon, with some alpine meadows. As one goes higher up, the other one enters the exclusive field of hardy lichens that cling to bare rock. There are three distinct vegetation zones in the mountain region, mostly because of the built-in changes in elevation.
The montane zone is the lowest of the three zones, and is characterized by grassy meadows, Douglas fir, white spruce, trembling aspen, and lodgepole pine. Wildlife Activities Kootenay has multiple activities, including camping at one of three campgrounds, hiking or skiing along the trails, canoeing on the Kootenay River, and many more. The park also offers fishing, mountain climbing, cycling (biking), snowshoeing and more. One of the popular activities is taking a swim in the hot springs. One of the activities that is very interesting is ice climbing. Like all of the Rocky Mountain parks Kootenay is famous for its wildlife. There are 57 mammal species found at the park including moose, elk, mountain goat, bighorn sheep, white-tailed deer, mule deer, cougars, black bears, wolves, and grizzly bears. There are more than 280 species of birds, including the golden and bald eagles, which have been identified. The park has many watersheds. The major watersheds have rainbow trout, brook trout, lake trout, northern pike, and whitefish. Reptiles and amphibians are hardly found due to the severe climate. Only one species of toad, three frogs, one salamander, and three types of snakes have been recorded so far. Location Kootenay is Canada's 10th national park out of the 42 other.It was created in 1920. It is located in south east British Columbia on the border of Alberta. Kootenay is also part of the world-famous Rocky Mountains with their rugged dazzling and breathtaking beauty. The park is 1 406 km about 800 km east of Vancouver. Kootenay is located in the Montane Cordillera Ecozone. It is one of the five national parks including Yoho, Banff, Jasper, and Waterton Lakes, which represents the Rocky Mountains Natural Region. Questions 1) Where is Kootenay? 2) What is the temperature
in July? 3) How many zones are there &
why are there so many? 4) How many Reptiles and
amphibians are found? 5) What is one the popular & interesting activities? For you!
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