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Images from Shutterstock.com Terrorism Premeditated, politically motivated violence against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or agents, usually intended to influence an audience. What is Terrorism? The term “international terrorism’’ means terrorism involving citizens or the territory of more than one country. International Terrorism Political entity with a definite territory and an organized government with the power to make and enforce laws.
Usually used to mean “country.’’ State What they do:
Aid development, raise awareness and influence policy, advocate for human rights or environmental issues across different countries. NGOs, cont. Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs)
A non-business group with no participation or representation of any government.
Ex.: Red Cross/Amnesty International/Doctors Without Borders/Greenpeace Types of nonstate actors Group operating on an international level which is not a state. Nonstate actor A politically independent country where most or many of the citizens have a shared culture.
Ex.: U.S., France Nation-state A person who engages in armed resistance to a government or to the execution of its laws. Insurgent Person who refuses allegiance to, resists, or takes up arms against a government or ruler of their country. Rebel The term terrorist group means any group practicing, or that has significant subgroups that practice, international terrorism. Terrorist group The term “international terrorism’’ means terrorism involving citizens or the territory of more than one country. International terrorism Add to instability:
Because most laws, rules, agreements and treaties are written for dealings within or between states. Nonstate actors Multinational corporations
Armed groups (rebels, militias, warlords)
Criminal organizations Other nonstate actors A group of people united by a shared culture (language, customs, traditions, beliefs).
Sometimes used to mean country, but can include people of shared nationality in different countries. Ex.: Kurds, Germans. Nation The process of increased interconnectedness among countries, especially in economics, politics, and culture. Globalization