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Movement Analysis: Spike

Analyzing the movement of spiking a volleyball. This presentation breaks down the movement into four phases and then explores the areas of Kinesiology by showing what all is invloved in a spike: muscles, joints, planes, levers and more.
by

Emmy Rice

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of Movement Analysis: Spike

Upward movement
Downward Movement
Thank you

from: Chris, Emmy, Maty, Monica and Shana
Volleyball Spike
Set up for Spike
Plane and Axis:
Saggital Plane
Frontal Axis
Levers:
2nd class lever
A: MTP joint
R: Body weight
F: Gastrocnemius
Alternating closed/opened chain (taking steps)
Body is propelled into the air, towards the ball.
Plane and Axis:
Saggital plane
Frontal axis
Levers:
2nd class lever
A: MTP joint
R: Body weight
F: Gastrocnemius
Transition into OPEN chain
Body is in the air; arm continues to swing to progress towards the ball
Plane and Axis:
Tranverse plane, vertical axis (torso rotation)
Sagital plane, frontal axis (lower and upper extremities)
Levers:
3rd class
A: Glenohumeral joint
F: Lattisimus dorsi (insertion)
R: Arm weight/air resistance
OPEN chain
Top of the movement path
Body is returning to the ground; ball looses contact with hand
Planes/axis:
Sagital plane, frontal axis
Levers:
3rd class
A: Glenohumeral joint
F: Lattisimus dorsi (insertion)
R: Arm weight/air resistance
OPEN becomes CLOSED chain
Trunk
Flexion:
Rectus abdominus
External/internal obliques

Arms
Elbow extension:
Triceps
Forarm pronation:
Pronator quadratus
Pronator teres
Medial Rotation:
Teres major
Subscapularis
Hyperextension:
Posterior deltoid
Latissimus dorsi
Head/Neck
Hyperextension:
Sternocleidomastoid

Hip/Upper Leg
Flexion:
Psoas Major
Iliacus
Quadriceps Femoris
Sartorius
Rectus Femoris
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Intermedialis
Vastus Medialis

Knee/Ankle
Extension:
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Plantaris
Plantar Flexion:
Extensor digitorum longus
Extensor hallicus longus
Abductor digiti minimi
Flexor digitorum brevis
abductor hallicus
Tibialis anterior
Peroneus tertius
Shoulder flexion:
Anterior deltoid
Pectoralis major

Trunk
Extension:
Erector spinae
Transversospinalis
Interspinales
Arms
Horizontal abduction:
Posterior deltoid
Infraspinatus
Teres minor
Elbow flexion:
Brachialis
Biceps brachi
Brachioradialus
Lateral rotation:
Infraspinatus
Teres minor
Posterior deltoid
Head/Neck
Hyperextension:
Sternocledomastoid
Hip/Upper leg
Flexion (pic 2&3) Extension (pic 1&4)
Psoas Major
Iliacus
Quadriceps femoris
Sartorius
Rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis
Vastus Medialis
Vastus Intermedius
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Biceps femoris
Knee/Ankle
Flexion (pic 2&3) Extension (pic 1&4)
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Achilles tendon
Plantaris
Plantar Flexion
Plantar Fascia
Extensor digitorum longus
Extensor hallicus longus
Abductor digiti minimi
Flexor digitorum Brevis
Abductor hallucis
Tibialis Anterior
Peroneus Tertius
Joints
Wrist
Joint Classification: Diarthrosis
Structure:(Synovial)-Condyloid
Movements of Joint: Flexion/Extension; Abduction/ Adduction
Degrees of Freedom: 2
Number of Axis: Biaxial
Elbow
Joint Classification: Diarthrosis
Structure: (Synovial) - Hinge
Movement of Joint: Flexion/ Extension
Degrees of Freedom: 1
Numbers of Axis: Uniaxial
Shoulder
Joint Classification: Diarthrosis
Structure (Synovial) – Ball and Socket
Movement of Joint: Flexion/Extension; Abduction/Adduction; Rotation
Degrees of Freedom:3
Number of Axes: Triaxial
Hip
Joint Classification: Diarthrosis
Structure (Synovial) - Ball and Socket
Movement of Joint: Flexion/Extension; Abduction/Adduction; Rotation
Degrees of Freedom:3
Number of Axes: Triaxial
Knee
Joint Classification: Diarthrosis
Structure (Synovial) –Hinge
Movement of Joint: Flexion/ Extension
Degrees of Freedom: 1
Number of Axes: Uniaxial
Trunk
Extension:
Erector spinae
Transversospinalis
Interspinales
Arms
Shoulder Flexion:
Anterior deltoid
Pectoralis major
Head/Neck
Hyperextension:
Sternocledomastoid
Body builds momentum in preparation to leave the ground.
Joints used throughout this movement
Now to break down the spike of a volleyball...
Extension:
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Biceps Femoris
Trunk
Flexion:
Rectus abdominis
External oblique
Internal oblique
Arm/Wrist
Arm Extension:
posterior deltoid
Latissimus dorsi
Teres major
Pectoralis major
Head/Neck
Extension:
Splenius capitis
Splenius cervicis
Errector spinae
Hip/Upper Leg
Extension
Psoas Major
Iliacus
Quadriceps femoris
Sartorius
Rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis
Vastus Medialis
Vastus Intermedius
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Biceps femoris
Knee/Ankle
Extension
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Achilles tendon
Plantaris


Plantar flexion
Plantar Fascia
Extensor digitorum longus
Extensor hallicus longus
Abductor digiti minimi
Flexor digitorum Brevis
Abductor hallucis
Tibialis Anterior
Hip/Upper Leg
Flexion (pic 1-3) Extention (pic 4)
Psoas Major
Iliacus
Quadriceps femoris
Sartorius
Rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis
Vastus Medialis
Vastus Intermedius
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Biceps femoris

Knee/Ankle
Flexion(pic 1-3) Extension (pic 4)
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Achilles tendon
Plantaris
Plantar Flexion
Plantar Fascia
Extensor digitorum longus
Extensor hallicus longus
Abductor digiti minimi
Flexor digitorum Brevis
Abductor hallucis
Tibialis Anterior
Peroneus Tertius
Muscles
Muscles
Muscles
Muscles
Analysis of Movement: Volleyball Spike
Full transcript