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AP: Communists Everywhere

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Luke Bailey

on 3 April 2018

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Transcript of AP: Communists Everywhere

AP: Communists Everywhere
Places that were Communist at One Point
Russia: Everyone Freaks Out in 1917
-Wartime shortages during WWI

-Weak/Unpopular Tsar (Remember Russian history of brutal leaders)

-Enter Vladimir Lenin, hardline communist. Revolution. Civil War. Communism.
Story: The Russian Revolution
Lenin and the Bolsheviks
-Lenin's Bolshevik party (communists) seize power in 1917. Kill Romanovs.

-Want to end war, give workers control of factorizes, dive non-Russians "national determination". PEACE, LAND, BREAD

-Manage to win Russian Civil War against everyone. By 1921, their power is complete. Rename Russia "Union of Soviet Socialist Republics" (USSR/Soviet Union)
Fast Forward: WWII
-Stalin comes to power after Lenin in 1924, leading purges of enemies. Millions killed.

-Beat Hitler in WWII. Form "satellite" communist states in Eastern Europe.

-"Iron Curtain"
China: What's Been Going On There?
-Crappy Qing dynasty collapses in 1912. "Republic" takes over, led by nationalist Chiang Kai-shek. (Geomindang)

-Major problems: Foreign investment, conflicts over land ownership (wealthy landowners vs poor peasants)

-Small communist party under Mao Zedong grows in popularity.
Communist Practices
-More rights for women (divorce, right to vote, own property)

-Supported poor peasants in conflicts against landlords. Reduce rents, taxes, developed literacy programs.

-Slowly, communists begin to peel away rural areas from Chiang Kai-shek's control. "Chinese Civil War" begins in 1927.
Reminder:

What's the difference between "socialism" and "communism"?
Mao Zedong
Chiang Kai-shek.
WWII
-When Japanese invade China, communists fight bravely against them while Nationalists are idle.

-After WWII, Chinese see communists as true protectors. (Counter foreign power + land problems)

-By 1949, nationalists are kicked out of China, fleeing to Taiwan.
In Conclusion:
What are they key differences between how Russia and China became communist?
Full transcript